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Carl Jung's collective unconscious & archetype
Transcript of Carl Jung's collective unconscious & archetype
Defines four groups with each group containing three archetypes.
Each group is either motivated by:
Each archetype in the four groups have the same motivating orientation but different source drives.
Example: The Caregiver and Hero both want to fulfill ego agendas but the Caregiver does so through social orientation while the Hero does though actions that prove self worth.
Carl Jung's collective unconscious & archetype
Innate or inherited part of the human psyche, not developed from personal experience
1. The Innocent:
Core desire: to get to paradise
Goal: to be happy
Greatest fear: to be punished for doing something bad or wrong
Strategy: to do things right
AKA: naive, romantic, dreamer
2. The Regular Guy/Girl:
Core Desire: connecting with others
Goal: to belong
Greatest fear: to be left out or to stand out from the crowd
Strategy: develop ordinary solid virtues, be down to earth, the common touch
AKA: the person next door, the realist, the good neighbor
3. The Hero
Core desire: to prove one's worth through courageous acts
Goal: expert mastery in a way that improves the world
Greatest fear: weakness, vulnerability, being a "chicken"
Strategy: to be as strong and competent as possible
AKA: the warrior, crusader, rescuer, superhero, the soldier
4. The Caregiver
Core desire: to protect and care for others
Goal: to help others
Greatest fear: selfishness and ingratitude
Strategy: doing things for others
AKA: the saint, parent, helper, supporter
Four main Archetypes:
1. The Explorer:
Core desire: the freedom to find out who you are through exploring the world
Goal: to experience a better, more authentic, more fulfilling life
Biggest fear: getting trapped, conformity, and inner emptiness
Strategy: journey, seeking out and experiencing new things, escape from boredom
AKA: the seeker, wanderer, individualist
2. The Rebel:
Core desire: revenge or revolution
Goal: to overturn what isn't working
Greatest fear: to be powerless or ineffectual
Strategy: disrupt, destroy, or shock
AKA: revolutionary, wild man, the misfit
3. The Lover:
Core desire: intimacy and experience
Goal: being in a relationship with the people, work and surroundings they love
Greatest fear: being alone, a wallflower, unwanted, unloved
Strategy: to become more and more physically and emotionally attractive
AKA: the partner, friend, intimate, sensualist, spouse
4. The Creator:
Core desire: to create things of enduring value
Goal: to realize a vision
Greatest fear: mediocre vision or execution
Strategy: develop artistic control and skill
AKA: the artist, inventor, musician, writer or dreamer.
Carl Jung’s concept of the personal unconscious is similar to Freud’s Id.
The Personal Unconscious consists of memories and experiences that have been forgotten or suppressed.
It also contains memories considered painful or unimportant and dropped from conscious awareness.
It is unique and different for each individual.
It also holds part of our personality that never comes to consciousness.
An example would be a girl named Donna feels uncomfortable in the room it just gives her a bad feeling but she's not sure why. It might be because the walls reminds her of the same color as the room where her grandmother died. She doesn't consciously associate the room with her grandmother's death, but she has bad feelings because her personal unconscious is at work.
By: Denise A, Laura C, Michelle D, Maha H, Yelisei M
It contains all forms of unrepressed memories, thoughts, and feelings.
The consciousness carries out daily activities similar to Freud's consciousness.
But it can only hold a certain amount of information at a time.
The remaining information or experiences sinks into the unconscious.
An example would be when someone walks into a classroom their consciousness would take in the students in the room, what they are doing, and the furniture around.
Example types within the self set are driven to fulfill desires that surround what satisfies oneself.
Four main Archetypes:
Jung believed that the unconscious used dreams to reveal suppressed desires to the conscious.
Dreams are formed by the personal & collective unconscious.
The symbolism in dreams are specific to a person's life.
1) The Jester
Core Desire: to have a great time
Goal: Live in the moment
Strategy: making jokes, having a sense of humor and playing
Greatest Fear: being bored
AKA: The fool, trickster, joker
2) The Sage
Core Desire: to find the truth
Goal: use analysis and intelligence to understand the world
Strategy: seek information, self reflection and understand thought processes
Greatest Fear: ignorance, being deceived
AKA: The expert, scholar, thinker
3) The Magician
Core Desire: understand the laws of the universe
Goal: make dreams come true
Strategy: develop vision and live by it
Greatest Fear: unintended negative consequences
AKA: The visionary, inventor, healer
The collective unconscious is expressed through archetype, which are universal thought-forms or mental images that influence an individual's feelings and actions.
An example would be to think of a newborn baby and how it is not a blank slate but already comes wired and ready to perceive certain patterns and symbols in the world.
Carl Jung was born in Switzerland in July 1875 . He was the only son of a protestant clergyman which is why he was expected to continue the family tradition. However, Jung instead choose to attend the University of Basel 1895-1900. He then became a psychiatrist and psychotherapist who founded analytical psychology. Jung proposed and developed many concepts and His work has been influential in psychiatry and in the study of religion, philosophy, archeology, anthropology, literature, and related fields. He was a prolific writer, many of whose works were not published until after his death.
his theories include:
• The concept of introversion and extroversion
• The concept of the complex.
• The concept of the collective unconscious, shared by all people. It includes the archetypes
most of Jung's theories and work are based upon a spiritual approach. His work on himself and his patients convinced him that life has a spiritual purpose beyond material goals. Our main task, he believed, is to discover and fulfill our deep innate potential.
4) The Ruler
Core Desire: control
Goal: create a sucessful, prosperous family or community
Strategy: Exercise power
Greatest Fear: chaos, being overthrown
AKA: The boss, leader, role model
This is why children fantasize so much, Jung believed: they have not experienced enough of reality to cancel out their mind's enjoyment of archetypal imagery.
3 Major Archetypes
Jung identified three major archetypes which he believed are part of the collective unconscious that are unlearned and function to organize how we experience certain things.
Composed of repressed ideas, weaknesses, desires, and shortcomings. This archetype is often described as the darker side of the psyche, representing wildness, chaos and the unknown.
: Anima is a feminine image in the male and the animus is a male image in the female psyche. The anima/animus represents the "true self" rather than the image we present to others and serves as the primary source of communication.
Derived from Latin word that means "mask". This is how we present ourselves to the world. It represents all of the different social masks that we wear among different groups and situations and acts to shield the ego from negative images.
Combination of the anima and animus is known as the syzygy which represents completion, unification and wholeness.