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What is birth control?

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by

E Zhang

on 21 October 2013

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Transcript of What is birth control?

Birth Control: one size fits all?
combined hormonal methods
(estrogen + progestin)
Birth Control:
When it comes to birth control, one size does
NOT
fit all
Not all method's are suitable for everyone's body
Talk to your health care provider about would work best for
Implants and IUDs
What is birth control?
birth control:
the use of any sexual practices, drugs, or devices to prevent pregnancy from occurring

family planning
pregnancy prevention
safer sex

Who should use it?
If you are having vaginal intercourse with someone of the opposite gender
If you are having any kind of sexual contact and want to avoid transmitting STIs
can be used by either or both partners!
Barrier Methods
male condom
http://www.talkhealthpartnership.com/blog/2012/11/10-weird-names-for-the-condom-from-around-the-world/
female
condom
cervical cap, diaphragm & sponge

bedsider.com
Barrier methods:
how it works
https://d2dct7y3250e4n.cloudfront.net/ht-staging/user_answer/reference_image/1842/large/cervical.jpeg?1346866399
bedsider.com
pill
patch
ring
single hormone
(progestin only)
What does
IUD
stand for anyway?
[intrauterine device]
Pro: Condoms are great for
Con: Must be used every time you have sex
+
=
good to go
Don't forget the spermicide!
When using the cervical cap, diaphragm & sponge:
STI
protection
s1.hubimg.com/u/1170632_f260.jpg
img.webmd.com/dtmcms/live/webmd/consumer_assets/site_images/media/medical/hw/h9991285_009.jpg
bedsider.com
birth control shot
Hormonal Methods
Hormonal methods:
how it works
stabilizes the level of hormones in the female body
turns off ovulation
no egg is released
Pros:
Very effective, regulates your period
Cons:
Requires you to remember, no protection from STIs
Pros:
Very effective, only 4 shots/yr
Cons:
Irregular periods, no protection from STIs
Implant
IUD
Inserted under the skin on the inside of a girl's forearm
Implant: how it works
Contains a synthetic hormone,
progestin
, which disrupts ovulation
Pros:
super effective, 3 yr lifespan, low maintenance
Cons:
Irregular periods,
no protection from STIs
i.dailymail.co.uk/i/pix/2012/09/21/article-0-151E45A9000005DC-80_468x421.jpg
2 kinds:
Copper
Hormonal
Pros:
super effective, 3-12 year lifespan, low maintenance
Cons:
Irregular periods (hormonal), cramping and heavier periods (copper),
no protection from STIs
IUD: How it works
Copper:
disrupts the normal uterine environment
Hormonal:
contains a low dose of
progestin
, which thickens the cervical mucus
Placed inside the uterus
www.birth-control-comparison.info/wp-content/files_mf/1337442822iudprogesterone.jpg
you
birth
control
Last week:
behavioral methods
abstinence

withdrawal
fertility awareness method
not ready yet!
Barrier methods
Hormonal methods
Implants & IUDs
Today's topic:
infections you catch through any sexual contact
vaginal sex
oral sex
anal sex
genitalia-genitalia contact
Sexually transmitted infection (STI):
www.stayteen.org/stis
Resources:
stayteen.org
sexetc.org
teensource.org
plannedparenthood.com/info-for-teens

teen clinic
QUESTIONS?
Next week:

group activity
short film: when contraception fails
?
?
contraceptive drugs
& devices
teenprogram@communicarehc.org
Full transcript