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Ancient Rome: Yr 7
Transcript of Ancient Rome: Yr 7
The last Etruscan King with Tarquin- who was overthrown in 509 BC by the people who began the ROMAN REPUBLIC Instead of Kings- the new Roman Republic was made up of Roman citizens who elected their government. The Romans elected 300 officials called Senators who ran the country. Senators met at the Forum a centre where people would go to express their opinions and vote on rules and laws. Anyone could speak at the forum but only senators could make or vote on laws. The Roman Empire When famous Roman politician Julius Caesar died
Rome fell into civil war (war between Romans).
His heir Augustus made himself the ruler of all Rome. He was the first ROMAN EMPEROR and from then on Rome was known as the ROMAN EMPIRE.
Although there were still senators and government the Emperor was the ultimate ruler: He made the laws and controlled the army.
The Roman Empire ran from 27 BC to 476 AD The legend of
Romulus and Remus
Rhea was an Etruscan princess married to Mars, the Roman god of war. Rhea had twin sons. She loved her boys, but there were other gods and goddesses who wanted to harm her father, herself, her husband, and her children. To protect the boys, she set them adrift on the river, hoping someone would find them. Who would not love such beautiful boys?
Sure enough, first they were found by a she-wolf who fed them. Then a shepherd and his wife adopted the boys.
As the twins grew older, they decided they did not want to take care of sheep. They wanted to be kings. They decided to build a city on the shores of the Tiber. They both wanted to be the only king. They quarreled. In a fit of rage, Romulus picked up a rock, killed his brother, and made himself king.
That’s how Rome started. Make a 6 box cartoon telling this legend The city of Rome is located on seven hills, beside the River Tiber Building on hills meant that the Romans could see enemies approaching from a long way away and prepare for any attack They built tall walls all around the city to protect it. The Tiber River provided water for the people, it also provided transport and helped water the crops which grew near Rome The Romans had a very strong social class system. Where you were born in society determined the type of life you would lead Patricians: were the upper class of Rome. From the Patrician class came the Emperors, senators and army officers. Plebeians were average working citizens of Rome – they ranged from wealthy business men, to farmers, to tradesmen, to the poor but free. Slaves in Rome might include prisoners of war, sailors captured and sold by pirates, or slaves bought outside Roman territory. Most slaves were born to slave parents. Freedmen and women were slaves who were given or bought their freedom Emperors came from the richest and most powerful families of Rome Senators came from rich and powerful families. They were politicians and judges. They wore special robes and got special privileges... like great seats at the Roman Games Men from the patrician classes also became the commanders of the Roman armies Below senators were the equestrians.
The equestrian class was originally composed of the Roman cavalry, but when senators were forbidden to do business they became the traders, tax collectors, bankers and business men of the Empire. Plebeians were average working citizens of Rome – farmers, bakers, builders or craftsmen – who worked hard to support their families and pay their taxes. If they made enough money they could become members of the Equestrian class. Many plebians of Rome were very poor people who lived only on government handouts of grain and bread. Many were so poor that they sold their children into slavery Freedmen and women were people who had once been slaves and had either been granted manumission (freedom) by their owners or had earned enough money to buy themselves free. This was usually the case only with slaves who were well educated, or the property of very rich men.
All slaves and their families were the property of their owners, who could sell or rent them out at any time. Their lives were harsh. Slaves were often whipped, branded or cruelly mistreated. Their owners could also kill them for any reason, and would face no punishment.
Slaves worked everywhere – in private households, in mines and factories, and on farms. They also worked for city governments on engineering projects such as roads, aqueducts and buildings. Because slaves were so cheap many poor but free Romans could not find jobs. The city of Rome itself had a population of 1 million people. The most important buildings in Rome were built out of stone and marble. Assemble the puzzle pieces to create a picture of the city of Rome. Use the internet to find out the English names of the buildings mentioned. In addition to magnificent walls, monuments, temples and palaces: Rome is famous for its other architecture. Because the water of the Tiber was not clean to drink Romans had to build aqueducts to bring clean water to Rome. Each section was lower than the last so water flowed by gravity to supply the cities fountains, baths, toilets and homes. Water from the Aqueducts filled the Roman baths, used daily by every Roman... Romans even heated the baths so that you would bath first in boiling water, then warm water, then freezing cold water. Label your diagram of the baths... Imagine you are from a distant part of the Empire, visiting Rome for the first time. Write a letter home to your parents about your visit to Nero's baths in Rome. Copy Roman Aqueduct drawing into your books Romans also had public toilets Going to the baths It was very cheap to use a Roman bath and you would go every morning.
Men and women used separate sections of the bath and women (except slaves) were not allowed in the men’s section. A visitor, after paying his entrance fee, would strip naked and hand his clothes to an attendant (slave). He could then do some exercise in the palaestra to work up a sweat. He might practice sword fighting or wrestling or play a competitive ball game with friends. After this you would have a slave rub you all over with oil, then scrape off all the oil and dirt, before having a steam in the sauna (laconium) Then you would visit the calidarium for a very hot bath, then the tepidarium for a warm bath, then the frigidarium for a very cold bath Finally you would wander back to get your clothing off the slave, who would help you dress, before returning home for a long lunch and a nap.