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Gavion J and Tyler M
Transcript of Gavion J and Tyler M
Saddam Hussein: President of Iraq
1987: The Genocide Begins
Important Dates in the Kurdish Genocide:
Al Majid orders the Kurds into
collective centers so they could
be monitored; The arrangement
was any Kurds that didn’t cooperate were rounded up, shot and killed,
or put into jails and tortured.
Iraq was the first country to use chemical weapons on its own citizens
This mass attack destroyed all Kurdish homes and communities in ‘Kurdistan’; mass killings of Kurdish civilians just because they were Kurds.
Iraq became the first country to use
chemical weapons on its own citizens.
The government destroyed all Kurdish
homes and communities in ‘Kurdistan'
and committed mass killings of Kurdish
civilians just because they were Kurdish.
Saddam Hussein; the president of Iraq
at the time hated the Kurdish people.
Hundreds of thousands of men, woman and children were executed during a systematic attempt to exterminate the kurds.
Background on the Kurdish People:
The Kurds are divided by two forms of Islam,
and three Kurdish languages and alphabets. This
ethnic group held rebellions in Iraq because they wanted to govern themselves. After WWI they were promised their own state but never got it.
The United State's Involvement
The U.S. (in 1987-1988 - the height of genocide) saw Hussein’s attacks as a somewhat understandable way to suppress the Kurdish rebellion. The United States response stemmed off of a fear of a revolutionary Iran. The United States was aghast at the idea of Iraqi oil reserves falling into Radical Islam's government. They feared that the pro American governments in Saudi Arabia and the Gulf Emirates would be torn apart by Iran. Therefore, with each Iranian battlefield victory the United States followed Iraq and the behavior towards the Kurds. The U.S. was making money off of selling chemical agents to the duelling Iraq and Iran.
March 16, 1988
The government bombed Kurdish town of Halabja,
a gas attack that killed 5,000 Kurdish civilians;
Halabja was the most notorious and the deadliest single gas attack against the Kurds but it was one of about forty
The United States only got involved
in September 1988 which was 6 months after
the attack and condemned the use of gas
and chemical attacks on Iraq's citizens.
U.S. monitored Iraqi troops closely and knew all about the destruction of the Kurds; NY Times reported on the destruction of the Kurds in Iraq.
The extent to the United States Involvement was limited.
The U.S. was afraid to get involved with the genocide because they were giving $500 million annually to Iraq in credits
The Al-Anfal campaign to kill Kurds ended in September 1988; Hussein announced an ‘amnesty’ for the Kurdish people, yet they still had restrictions on where they could go within the country.
90% of Kurdish villages had been destroyed, leaving 100,000-180,000 people killed.
Hussein was convicted of war crimes and crimes against humanity in 2006 for crimes committed during his regime, and was hanged on December 30th, 2006 .
This was the first time ever an Iraq leader or ruler was punished for the crime.
By: Tyler Mick and Gavino Juarez