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ORIGINS OF JAZZ DANCE AND HOW IT RELATES TO EARLY SOCIAL DAN

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Dava Thompson

on 23 September 2013

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Transcript of ORIGINS OF JAZZ DANCE AND HOW IT RELATES TO EARLY SOCIAL DAN

ORIGINS OF JAZZ DANCE

How it All Started
-Africans from different tribes and cultures were brought to American during the slave trade
White slave owners liked what the slaves where doing
-After a while of being around the European culture and dances, and away from the roots of African dance, the way the enslaved Africans danced slowly began to evolve.
Significant Icons in Jazz history
They were suppressed

-Fearful white slave owners wanted to find a way to control the ever expanding slave population

How they suppressed enslaved Africans
-Slave Code of South Carolina in 1740.
-Stated :

That didn't stop them!
-Since they were no longer allowed to use their traditional instruments and have large group gatherings, they found substitutes.
Cakewalk in 1898
-When the slave owners would have parties and formal events they danced ballroom.
-The enslaved Africans thought it was silly and really uncreative so they mocked them.
-When the whites saw the slaves dancing like this they really enjoyed it because it was a fusion of different African cultures along with European.
-Little did the whites know that they were the ones being mocked.
-Got its name because in competitions the winners received cake.
Charleston
-Originally a Juba dance
-Was preformed as early as 1903
-Evolved onto Harlem stage in 1913
-Brought to show business in 1922
-Josephine Baker introduced this dance to the Europeans
Lindy Hop
-aka the Jitterbug
-Derived from the Texas Tommy
-One of the first ragtime dances
-Began to see more partnering which derived from European ballroom dance.
Syvilla Fort
-1923-2008
-Author of Anthology of American Jazz dance
and Jazz dance world congress. (they offered detailed descriptions of dance terminology).
Based on Jim Harvey's speech structures
XXXVI. And for that as it is absolutely necessary to the safety of this Province, that all due care be taken to restrain the wanderings and meetings of negroes and other slaves, at all times, and more especially on Saturday nights, Sundays and other holidays, and the using and carrying wooden swords, and other mischievous and dangerous weapons, or using and keeping of drums, horns, or other loud instruments, which may call together or give sign or notice to one another of their wicked designs and purposes; and that all masters, overseers and others may be enjoined diligently and carefully to prevent the same, Be it enacted, that it shall be lawfull for all masters, overseers and other persons whomsoever, to apprehend and take up any negro or other slave that shall be found out of the plantation of his or their master or owner, at any time, especially on Saturday nights, Sundays or other holidays, not being on lawful business, and with a letter from their master or a ticket, or not having a white person with them, and the said negro or other slave or slaves correct by a moderate whipping.
Bone clappers
musical instrument consisting of dried cow bones, metal, or other sonorous substance either held in both hands or, fastened together, held in one hand, sometimes with a handle, and struck against each other.
y'all can't gather together and be drumming and dancing up a storm anymore! And if we catch you doing it well..you'll be beaten senseless, ya hear!
Banjos
They used their body!
-hand clapping
-foot stomping
Tambourines
Cakewalk becomes the popular
-The cakewalk was preformed in Minstrels
-Whites would dress up and put black face on and imitate the slaves and their lifestyle as a form of comedy.
Minstrels
-also called minstrelsy, an indigenous American theatrical form, popular from the early 19th to the early 20th century, that was founded on the comic enactment of racial stereotypes.
Blackface

Used burnt cork, shoe polish, or grease paint.
Those two videos
have a direct relationship to the West African dances in which it evolved from!
Similarities
-Pulsating Bodies
-Knees bent
-Hand clapping
-Foot stomping
AL MINNS AND LEON JAMES
JOSEPHINE BAKER
Jack Cole
Gus Giordano
Fred Astaire
-Born June 22, 1909
-Anthropologist, Activist, Journalist, Choreographer
-University of Chicago
-Founded the Negro dance group
-Dunham Technique
.involves polyrythmic dance styles in continual motion.
Katherine Dunham
-Born July 3, 1917
-In 1932 she graduated from high school and entered the Cornish School of Allied Arts in Seattle, becoming its first African American student.
-Danced with Katherine Dunhams company.
-Opened a dance studio in New York City on West 44th Street.
-Her style combines African, Caribbean, and American rhythms.
-Founder of Giordano dance company
-Born on May 10, 1899
-1917-1932 appeared in ten musical productions
-worked mainly in film
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