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Chapter 7Fabricating Textiles for Interiors: Other Techniques

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Emily Barfuss

on 18 October 2012

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Transcript of Chapter 7Fabricating Textiles for Interiors: Other Techniques

Chapter 7
Fabricating Textiles
for Interiors:
Other Techniques Braiding Yarns Flat Braids: 3 yarns or yarn-like
structures are interlaced
-frequently used as trims or rugs Combining Fabrics Circular Braids: Several strands are
interlaced around a textile cord or
other round structure Fibrous Batts: Three dimensional arrangment
of webs of fibers that can be bonded with
adhesive or heat into essentially flat structures Bonded-Web or Nonwoven Fabrics: Nonwoven
fabric produced by applying adhesive or heat to
webs of fibers.
-Used as interfacing in upholstery skirts (adding body/weight) Bonding Fibrous Batts Felting Fibrous Batts Needlepunching Fibrous Batts Felt: Made from wool fibers layered at right angles, then exposed to heat... intermeshing the fibers
Uses:
Prevent artifacts from scratching
Decorative wall hangings
Effective insulation material Spunbonding Webs of Filaments Spunbonding: Fabrication technique in which
a web of filaments is stabilized with heat or adhesive binders. Spunlacing Fibers Spunlacing: Fabrication technique in which webs of
fibers are mechanically entangled. Extruding Polymer Solutions Film Sheeting: Nontextile fabric produced
by forming polymer solutions into a thin
film. Needlepunching: Fabrication techniques in which
barbed needles are used to introduce a mechanical chain-stitch in a fibrous batting Knitting Wales - rows of yarn loops running lengthwise in a knitted fabric Courses - those running crosswise Guage - number of loops per inch or bar inch (1 1/2 in.)
Compactness of construction of knitted fabrics is determined by the guage and guage is controlled by the size of the needles used 2 types of knitting Warp-knitting
Tricot Stitch - one or two guide bars guide or shift yarns around the curved portion of a spring needle prior to interlooping
Tricot stitched fabrics have comparatively low stretchability

Raschel Stitch - formed on machine that can have up to 30 guide bars which position the yarns before interlooping
Needles have a latch that opens and closes to secure the yarn
Often have lace-like apppearance

Weft Insertion - warp knitting and weaving combined
weft (filling) yarns are woven through loops formed in a tricot-stitching operation Weft or Filling knitting
Fabrics produced by continuously interlooping one or more yarns side to side - creating one course after another (no warp yarns used)
Slower than warp knitting but can produce rectangular, tubular, or angular fabrics



Stitches
Jersey stitch - creates herringbone-like wales on face of fabric and crescent-shaped loops on back (used in bedsheets)
Interlock stitch - formed by continuously interlooping 2 yarns
resists running and snagging
used in doubleknit fabrics - for furniture and wallcoverings -Used as leather upholstery coverings,
drapery linings, and shower curtains. -used to back textile wallcoverings,
simulated leather upholstery fabrics,
mattress pads, and comforters
-also made into towels and wipes -used as tablecloths, coverings for bedding products, and backings for wallcoverings and carpet For added stability, a loosely woven fabric, called a SCRIM, may be enclosed within the batt. Crocheting Basically just knitting with one needle
One yarn is interlooped into previously formed loops
Decorative borders for pillows as well as afghans, doilies, and potholders Chain-Stitching Stitch-knitting (aka knit-sewing or Malimo)
webs of yarns are layered and chain-stitched ("sewn" with knit stitches) together
Stitch-bonding
Chain-stitching across a fibrous batt Tufting and Fusion Bonding Used to introduce pile yarns into already-formed fabrics. Tufting
Pile yarns threaded through needles mounted across tufting machine
Needles punch through fabric and loopers engage yarns
Pile loop is formed when needle is withdrawn
Thin adhesive layer applied to fabric back
Accounts for more than 96 percent of all soft carpet and rugs Fusion Bonding
Pile yarns inserted or embedded into adhesive coating that has been applied to a base fabric
soft floor coverings Knotting and Twisting Yarns used to make highly decorative lace and macrame fabrics Macrame
knotted and twisted textile cords
used in vertical blinds and decorative hangings 1. Webs of fibers layered
-Layered parallel, right angles, or randomly
2. Adhesive sprayed
3. Heat can be used Lace-Making Complex machinery is used to twist fine yarns around one another
Window coverings, bed coverings, and tabletop accents Bobbin Lace - created by manipulating small wooden bobbins wound with a length of yarn in twisting and crossing motions Tatted Lace
one small bobbin is moved to twist fine yarns into open fabric structures
Used to make doilies and other tabletop accessories
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