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Copy of Mind Map - Canadian Government
Transcript of Copy of Mind Map - Canadian Government
3 Levels of
Type of Government in Canada
Various Jobs & responsibility
* Provide Public services (defence, postal service, trade etc).
*2 basic choices:
Provide fewer services
Get money for services
*Power to make and amend laws.
*Seen as the highest political institution in Canada's political system,
*It includes the Queen (represented by the Governor General), the House of Commons and the Senate.
*Decides who has broken the law.
*Judges & courts at Federal &
Provincial level hold this power.
*Enacts, applies, and enforces federal laws
created by the legislative branch.
*Composed of the Queen (represented by the Governor General), the Cabinet (a group of high-ranking members of government that includes the Prime Minister) and the administration (government departments, armed forces, Crown Corps and other bodies.)
Supreme court of Canada
*Handle more serious cases called indictable offenses.
*Criminal matters, family matters, youth matters, small claims (Judge with no jury).
*Traffic & municipal by-law matters (judge or justice of the peace)
*Highest court for all illegal issues in Canada since 1949.
*Decides on constitutional issues, act as the final court appeal.
*3 of the 9 justice must be from Quebec.
*PM chooses one out of the 9 justice to act as chief justice.
*Citizens allow elected representatives to make decisions on their behalf.
* Prime Minister dismisses
MP's & fix election date.
*Enumerators compile numbers & names of all eligible voters (including age & address).
*Each party nominate a candidate.
*Candidate must at least have 25 elector's signatures.
*Parties & Candidate presents themselves to public.
*Voters Go to a local school or community center to vote.
*Afterward, voters drops ballot in box.
Criminal & Civil Law.
*Criminal law are contained in the criminal code of Canada.
*Breaking a criminal law is consider to be a wrong against Canada society.
*Only Federal government can make criminal laws, provincial government help to administer them.
*Civil law cases usually involves disputes over contracts, property or personal relationship.
Member Of Parliament
Role of the Citizen
Major Political Parties
*Description of powers of government.
*Charter Rights and Freedom
*Amending formula 7/10. 50%
*Traditions (i.e. political parties)
*E-mail the Mayor
*Civil disobedience etc...
*Cabinet Minister has idea for a bill
*Idea explain to Cabinet.
*Cabinet approves idea.
*Lawyers draft bills.
*Cabinet committee examines bill.
*Cabinet & caucus approve bill.
*Bill introduced to House of common/
Senate for 1st reading.
*House debates & votes on principle of the bill.
*Parliamentary committee examines bill.
*House amends bill.
*3rd reading, debate & vote.
*Bill passes house.
*Senate/ House of Commons examines, debates,
*Bill passes senate.
*Governor General gives formal assent; bill is now law.
Structure of Government
House of Common
*Leader of Party.
*Leader of a Party that gets the most votes becomes PM.
*Chooses & changes Cabinet members.
*Asks Governor General to call an election.
* Addresses Canadians on issues of national concern.
*Speaks on behalf of all Canadians at international meetings.
*Spokesperson for his or her party.
*Represents the queen.
*Adviser to government.
*Reading the speech from
*Gives Royal assent to bills.
*MP represent his/
*Provide final check on
the legislation passed in
the House of Common.
*Work on committees &
task forces, and preform
diplomatic service for
*Acts like Governor General
in provincial level.
*Represents the Mayor.
*present Petitions, Resolutions, and Private Members'
Bills to the House.
*put forward Government Bills
*To listen to people of higher authorities and to respect all people as equal.
*Running the city government and providing goods and services for its people.
*In charge of the city budget and making sure city services are delivered.
*Appoints the Chief of Police and Fire Chief for his city.
*To criticize government policies and suggesting improvements.
*Presenting an alternative to the current Government's policy agenda.
*Appoint the Executive Board.
*Elect the Mayor.
*Represent their community
*Appoint the Leader of the
Supreme court of Canada