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Protestant Reformation

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Mr. Stevenson

on 13 May 2014

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Transcript of Protestant Reformation

The
Protestant Reformation

Mr. Stevenson dstevenson@heuvelton.k12.ny.us
Heuvelton Central School
Heuvelton, NY

Causes of the Reformation
Source: World History: Patterns of Interaction, McDougal Littell (p. 488)
~ Martin Luther ~
1483 - 1546
95 Theses
October 31, 1517
Translated New Testament into German (
Vernacular
)
Priests are not needed to interpret the Bible.
Salvation by faith not works
Bible alone should be the source of Christian teaching, not traditions or the Pope
~ 95 Theses ~
October 31, 1517
A Stand Against
Indulgences
A Pardon for sins that was sold.
A person could "buy their way into heaven"
Taken to a printer, spread quickly
~ Pope Leo X ~
Pope 1513 - 1521
1520 Papal Bull (Exsurge Domine)
Threatened Luther with
Excommunication
Excommunication
-

Banishment from the Catholic Church
~ Diet of Worms ~
1521
Called for by Holy Roman Emperor Charles V
Luther to stand trial & forced to recant (take back) his statements
~ Luther Refuses ~
"I am bound by the Scriptures I have quoted and my conscience is captive to the word of God. I cannot & will not retract anything, since it is neither safe nor right to go against conscience. I cannot do otherwise, here I stand, may God help me. Amen."
~ Peace of Augsburg ~
Germany was at war for 20 years
Catholics v. Protestants

In 1555 at Augsburg peace was settled
Each ruler would decide the religion of their state.
Henry VIII & The English Reformation
Wanted a son
Felt wife (Catherine) could not provide him one
Wanted a divorce, Pope would not have it...
he did it anyway
1529 - Calls for "Reformation Parliament"
Begins end of Pope's power in England
1534 - Act of Supremacy
People made to take an oath to accept King Henry VIII not the Pope as head of the Church of England
~ Elizabeth I ~
1559 Parliament Establishes the Anglican Church
Priests could marry
Sermons delivered in English
Kept some Catholic traditions
~ John Calvin ~
1509 - 1564
"Institutes of the Christian Religion" (1536)
A summary of Protestant theology
"Men & Women are sinful by nature"
Believed a
theocracy
was the ideal government
Predestination -
God chooses a select few to save, & God has known since the beginning of time
Calvinism -
The religion based on Calvin's teachings.
Theocracy -
A government controlled by religious leaders.
Source: World History: Patterns of Interaction, McDougal Littell (p.491)
Source: World History: Patterns of Interaction, McDougal Littell (p. 501)
The Reformation
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Full transcript