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EARLY ANIMATION DEVICE TIMELINE

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michael emeana

on 28 March 2014

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Transcript of EARLY ANIMATION DEVICE TIMELINE

History of 2D Animation
Phenakistoscope(1832)
Invented by Joseph Plateau in 1832. The device works by the disk being spun as you look through the slut of the disk into the a mirror
Zoetrope(1834)
Invented by William George Horner in 1834. It works by looking through the sluts of the of the turning wheel
Flip book/ Flick book/ kineograpgh(1868)
Invented by John Barnes Linnet in 1868. Its works by flicking through the book while looking at the pages. The result is an illusion of motion.
Praxinosope(1877)
Invented by a french my called Emile Reynaud in 1877. He was the first to create short sequences of dramatic action drawing on a 30 foot strip of transparent substance called 'Crystaloid'.It works by reflecting the picture as the wheel is spun
1832
1834
1868
1877
Cinematograph
Invented by the Lumière brothers in the 1895. It works by a camera recording the movement from a printer and projecting in with a magic lantern( projector).
1895
Cel Animation
Invented by John Randolph Bray and Earl Hurd in the Late 1910. This technique works by drawing pictures on multiple celluloid papers onto a background and constantly changing the character movements to give an impression of motion.
An example of Cel animation by Disney. This was one of the early Cel animations used in a cartoon called Mickey mouse.
Cel Animation Influenced the future
Mickey mouse influenced The Flintstones. Hanna Barbera took he cel animation a step further by adding color. The Flintstones was published in 1960's
Also like the Flintstones,Warner Bros were
influenced by Disney . Warner Bros took Cel Animation further by adding moving
Environment pictures to create weather effects. The Looney Tunes was introduced in early 1930s
1910
1872
Photographic studies of motion( photographic stills)
Invented by Eadeard Muybrigdge in 1872. It works by serveral cameras capturing a moving object or person. The pictures are then put into frame which when played back shows movement.
Rotoscoping
The technique was invented by Max Fleischer, who used it in his series Out of the Inkwell starting around 1915. It works by animators tracing over footage, frame by frame, for use the use in live-action and animated films. Rotoshop works exactly in the same way but it is automatically done for you when your on the computer
This video shows a modern exmaple rotoscope looks when it is done properly
1915
1930
Looney tunes is a series of Warner Bros. Animated comedy short film. Its was produced from 1930 to 1969 during 'The golden age of American animation'

Looney tunes features such popular characters as bugs bunny, Daffy Duck, Porky Pig, Elmer Fudd, Sylvester, Tweety etc.
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