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becca litvak

on 5 January 2014

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Transcript of Farming

Types of Industry
Economic Benefits
Problems Associated
Loss of farmland
Most of canada’s best farmland is located adjacent to our larges cities, all of which are growing outward into this land.

Beef, Cattle, and Grain
Dairy and Livestock
Fruits and Vegetables

Common in densely populated areas.

Farms tend to be small but they require large investments in labour and machinery to produce high profits per hectare.
occurs where the population density is low and land is plentiful and inexpensive.

Since farms tend to be large, low yields per hectare will still allow profit.
Intensive Farming
Extensive Farming
This prezi will inform you about the agriculture in Canada.

In this prezi, you will learn what types of problems farmers have while trying to grow crops, the economic benefits farming has, how many people work in the agriculture business and the types of industries in farming.

Cost or value of land:
if the farmland is expensive ,the farmer will produce products that earn high profit.

Proximity to market:
if farms are close to their markets, farmers will most likely produce perishable products. If they are far from markets they will produce less perishable products.

if there is an oversupply of a particular product, it’s price will drop and farms income will lower. The farmer will then choose to grow another product that has greater demand and will produce a higher income.

How To Determine What Crop to produce
2 Types of Farming
Clark, B. W., Wallace, J. K., & Earle, K. M. (2006). Making connections: Canada's geography (2nd. ed.). Toronto: Pearson Education.

Traditionally farming in Canada took place on relatively small family farms passed down from one generation to the next whih are more effiecient and productive than farming that is being carried out by agribusiness in much larger farms.

Human Resources
The Agriculture workforce only makes up 2% of the Canadian workforce

Even though it has a small percentage, it makes a large impact on ALL the industries

Although very important, the primary farming industry is slowly decreasing in workforce percentages due to more advanced and new job opportunities on the market

Workforce Strategy. (2013, June 11). Workforce Strategy. Retrieved December 14, 2013, from http://www1.agric.gov.ab.ca/general/progserv.nsf/all/pgmsrv338
Central Intelligence Agency. (n.d.). The World Factbook. Retrieved December 15, 2013, from https://www.cia.gov/library/publications/the-world-factbook/fields/2048.html
Multiplier Effect or Cumulative Causation. (2013, November 5). Multiplier Effect and Cumulative Causation. Retrieved December 14, 2013, from http://geographyfieldwork.com/MultiplierEffect.htm
Contemporary Issues: Development and the Future of Farming. (n.d.). famfarm. Retrieved December 14, 2013, from http://www2.kenyon.edu/projects/famfarm/fo&cl/develop/contemp.htm
Agriculture 2020: Challenges and Opportunities. (2012, February 26). Agriculture and Agri-Food Canada;Government of Canada. Retrieved December 18, 2013, from http://www.agr.gc.ca/eng/about-us/key-departmental-initiatives/growing-forward-2/policy-development/industry-and-public-engagement/agriculture-2020-challenges-and-opportunities/?id=1272462773823#
Usually Intensive farming is used.
Fertile well drained sandy soils, mild winters, and nearby water bodies are better for perishable fruit because they reduce the likelihood of late spring and early fall frost that could damage the bud or fruit.
Work Force

Multiplier Effect in the other Industrial sectors
If a farm were to expand, it would provide more raw materials to sell to manufacturers

Dairy products are very persihable and must be shipped quickly to urban markets, or processed into cheese and butter.

The majority of dairy farms are lcoated in quebec and ontario not far from major population centers.
Dairy farming is an intensive activity
With wealth in raw materials, many factories would be opened, providing more jobs

With more people working in the secondary sector, there would be more goods to sell in stores.
The result of all this would create a stronger economy, and more money for the primary sector to expand
Workers employed directly to a new sector increase the supply of labour, which will attract big name companies to invest in the sector.

In the workforce there are many job opportunities such as; Fishing, farming and forestry in Canada

In the Farming industry it is becoming more and more modernized and manipulated due genetically modified food and new machines to make the planting process more efficient

Although genetically modified food may make the food last longer, it make the health of the consumers at stake and can cause the market to drop

Alberta, Saskatchewan, Manitoba, and British Columbia, large ranches raise most of Canada's beef cattle.
In the more moist areas of the prairies, grain crops and other livestock are raised.
Oil seed crops such as canola and sunflowers are becoming more popular since they are healthier than animal fat or coconut oil when used in salad oils, shortening and margarine

In Future Development in Farming, it is hoped that we will be able to achieve more with less money. The bigger the better. However, what we see for the future is more pesticides on our agriculture, and less trees for forestry. We plan to see more cooperate farming for the world and less manual local farming. By 2020 there are set plans to have bio-plastic and products that could help eliminate petroleum based products. The government plans to create larger and faster machinery to get all the jobs in farming done efficiently and with a low cost. Pretty soon, they could replacing all once human jobs , with machinery jobs.
Waldie, P. (2011, November 23). The growing problem: Canada slips from agricultural superpower status, The Globe and Mail. Retrieved December 15, 2013, from http://www.theglobeandmail.com/news/national/time-to-lead/the-growing-problem-canada-slips-from-agricultural-superpower-status/article1316188/
We Grow a Lot More Than You May Think. (2013, July 17). Agriculture and Agri-Food Canada;Communications and Consultations Branch;Government of Canada. Retrieved December 15, 2013, from http://www.agr.gc.ca/eng/about-us/publications/we-grow-a-lot-more-than-you-may-think/?id=1251899760841
The wheat and grain farms of saskatchewan, alberta, and manitoba are large, highly specialized, and mechanized.

• The Ontario farms are also specialized and mechanized but are much smaller.
• The cool, wet springs and dry, hot summers on the prairies produce high-quality hard wheat for bread and durum wheat for pasta.
• The yield per hectare in the prairies is low compared to the more humid southern Ontario, but the large prairie farms produce 90% of Canada's wheat.
Canadian farmers are remarkable producers, accounting for more than $30-billion worth of exports annually.
Canada has become a world leader in pulse crops, such as beans, lentils and peas, which are in huge demand in Asia.
Over the past 20 years, direct payments to farmers by the federal and provincial governments have tripled, and total spending on agriculture now tops $8-billion annually.
The agriculture and agri-food industry contributes $100 billion annually to Canada's gross domestic product (GDP).
Canada is the 5th largest agricultural exporter in the world, and the agriculture and agri-food industry employs 2.1 million Canadians.
We are also the third-largest exporter of pork products.
Sustainable agriculture
Farming can be carried on indefinitely without harming the soil or the environment is known as sustainable agriculture. However many agricultural practices can cause damage to the soil and other parts of the natural environment. The result, over a period of may years is a decline in agriculture productivity.

Smaller farms with the more complex arming system gets a higher yield per hectare, because they're using more of the available space.

Small farmers also benefit by integrating crops and livestock. By rotating pasture and planted fields, animal manure is used as fertilizer, and then the part of the crop that is not consumed by humans is given to the animals for food. So there's recycling of nutrients and biomass. That also makes it more efficient
and productive.
Rosset, P. M. (n.d.). Small Farms Are More Efficient & Sustainable. Small Farms Are More Efficient & Sustainable. Retrieved December 15, 2013, from http://www.organicconsumers.org/Organic/smallfarmsbetter.cfm
Bse (mad cow disese)
In 2003, the discovery of a single case of mad cow disease in alberta halted the trade of canadian beef to the united states and 33 other countries.

Genetically modified organisms
GMOs are created when scientist transfer a gene from one organism to another in order to introduce some desirable characteristic to target the plant or animal. For example a plant can be genetically modified to resist the effects of herbicide or a killing frost.
GMOs are unhealthy and have been proven to cause long term problems. and even have serious side effects., not to mention how this affects the environment, and how it contaminates plants in the future included.

Decline of the family farm and the growth of agribusiness
Institute for Responsible Technology." - 10 Reasons to Avoid GMOs. N.p., n.d. Web. 18 Dec. 2013. <http://www.responsibletechnology.org/10-Reasons-to-Avoid-GMOs>
Farmers consider these 3 factors when deciding was to produce.
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