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PRONOUN-ANTECEDENT AGREEMENT

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Ramsey Ferrer

on 19 September 2012

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Transcript of PRONOUN-ANTECEDENT AGREEMENT

PRONOUN-ANTECEDENT AGREEMENT What makes the sentence wrong? If anybody wants to succeed in corporate life, they have to know the rules of the game. If people want to succeed in corporate life,
they have to know the rules of the game. Solutions: If anybody wants to succeed in corporate life,
he or she has to know the rules of the game. DIRECTION: Select the correct sentence.
A. One of the students must give their oral report tomorrow.
B. One of the students must give his oral report tomorrow.
Here are nine pronoun-antecedent agreement rules.  These rules are related to the rules found in subject-verb agreement Usage - Pronoun-Antecedent Agreement 7.  Plural form subjects with a singular meaning take a singular referent.  (news, measles, mumps, physics, etc) 5.  Collective Nouns (group, jury, crowd, team, etc.) may be singular or plural, depending on meaning 3.  Compound subjects joined by and always take a plural referent.
   Example:
                         Jewelry is uncountable; therefore, the sentence has a singular referent pronoun Some indefinite pronouns that are modified by a prepositional phrase may be either singular or plural. 
          
EITHER SINGULAR OR PLURAL: some, any, none, all, most Plural indefinite pronoun antecedents require plural referents.
         PLURAL: several, few, both, many
2.  Indefinite pronouns as antecedents
Singular indefinite pronoun antecedents take singular pronoun         In this sentence, the pronoun his is called the REFERENT because it "refers back."
It refers back to President Lincoln, the ANTECEDENT.  An antecedent is a word for which a pronoun stands.  (ante = "before“) 8.  Every or Many a before a noun or a series of nouns requires a singular referent. If my sisters or Carol arrives, ask them to wait. 4.  With compound subjects joined by or/nor, use a plural personal pronoun. 1.  A phrase or clause between the subject and verb does not change the number of the antecedent. Rule : A singular pronoun must replace a singular noun; a plural pronoun must replace a plural noun. A pronoun is a word used to stand for (or take the place of) a noun.
A word can refer to an earlier noun or pronoun in the sentence.

        Example: 6.  Titles of single entities. (books, organizations, countries, etc.) take a singular referent. Jewels are countable; therefore, the sentence has a plural referent pronoun Jewels are countable; therefore, the sentence has a plural referent pronoun. Marbles are countable; therefore, the sentence has a plural referent pronoun Sugar is uncountable; therefore, the sentence has a singular referent pronoun. A number of is plural. The number of is singular. 9.  The number of vs A number of before a subject: A. Everybody was hoping to have his lottery number picked.
B. Everybody was hoping to have their lottery number picked.


A. If anyone doesn't like the music I'm playing, they can go somewhere else.
B. If anyone doesn't like the music I'm playing, he or she can go somewhere else.
B. DIRECTION: Underline the correct pronoun in the parenthesis.

1. Each member of the committee must submit (their, his) response in writing.
2. Neither of the girls knew that (her, their) teacher had seen the police report.
3. Either of the boys may take (his, their) seat in the front of the room.
4. Every passenger was required to show (his or her, their) ticket.
5. Neither of the boys has done (his, their) homework.
6. A person who is terminally ill has the right to have (his or her, their) wishes regarding life-support respected
7. Any student who wishes to be excused should raise (his or her, their) hand. 8. Nowadays, when a student graduates from college, (he or she, they) has a better chance of getting a good job than a person with only a high school diploma does.
9. Neither India nor Pakistan is willing to abandon (their, its) nuclear weapons program
10. All students Have to watch (his or her,
their) language.
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