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The Importance and Relevance of Leadership in Sport
Transcript of The Importance and Relevance of Leadership in Sport
In order for someone to be a successful leader,
they need to have a number of qualities.
Presentation by Tilly Griffiths
When leading a session it is important that you have a high level of understanding and knowledge in the sport, you can do this by demonstrating the skills that you posses.
In sessions it is important that there is a challenging or development section, in this the instructor aims for the participants to develop a skill or technique. As people learn at different rates,the instructors knowledge here is crucial,l as they will be able to set independent challenges that test the participants skills and techniques.
So to lead a session effectively the instructor needs to have a vast range of knowledge that covers, skills, techniques and knowledge of the sport, if not, the performance of the participants could become hindered as the excitement is taken away. The behavior of the participants could also become challenging, as they are not focused.
Knowledge of Sport and skills
Knowledge of Rules and Laws
A good instructor will be able a demonstrate a sound understanding of the rules and laws of the activities that they are instructing.
If you have knowledge of the rules and laws, you can execute them in your sessions. By keeping to these, you are being a positive role model to the participants. If you are being a role model, the participants in your sessions will learn from you, and they will hopefully run smoothly.
Being a good role model, will inspire those in your sessions, they will be intrigued and ask questions. This will enable you to pass on knowledge of the rules and laws of activities to expand theirs.
Understanding the Mental needs of Participants
By participating in OAA you also need to develop the mind as well as the body. Scientific studies have shown that participating in physical activities can raise your mood and improve your mental health by the release of endorphins in the blood stream.
Some doctors and medical professors actually prescribe exercise to people who are depressed and over stressed, exercise can be the release that is needed to calm you down to a relaxed state. There are many other reasons why people participate in OAA and an instructor needs to understand these reasons.
As an instructor you will deliver sessions to different types of people, these people will all have different skill sets and it is important as an instructor that you understand this. For example some people participate in activity sessions to achieve a goal or build on their skills, whereas others are involved for social needs. As an insstructor you need to consider the content of your session and make it appropriate for the mental needs of participants as individuals and also the mental needs of the group as a whole.
Understanding the Physical Needs of Participants
Instructors need to be aware of the different physical needs from group to group. For example a group of mixed teenagers will have different needs than a group of young boys.
As an instructor different sessions will have similar aims, but will need to be delivered in different ways. For example and introductory session for mixed teenagers may have more challenging tasks, where as an introductory session for young boys may be more physical.
Sometimes activities will will have to be adapted and changed within a session, because it is not always possible or appropriate to separate individuals with different physical needs. Inclusivity and adaptability are important qualities to have as an instructor.
A characteristic is a distinguishable feature or trait which sets you apart from others, it is important that you hold a number of different characteristics as it will make you a good instructor.
As an instructor, you need to be patient with the participants that are involved in your sessions. By showing a calm persona and never showing anger towards participants or other staff members, not only can you endeaour to develop eveyone within a session, but you can also help to build trust between you and other instructors, and you and the participants.
By including differentiating activities appropriately in sessions, you will ensure that people of lesser abilities still achieve a goal, as well as those with a higher ability level.
Instructors should not rush sessions as it can make you panic and miss out key teaching and learning points. As an instructor you may also have to instruct sessions with individuals displaying different levels of ability, different characteristics and different physical states, to manage these appropriately you need to be patient and take your time, so that it can be managed effectively.
An instructor needs to be approachable to everyone, be it participants and other instructors. Everyone should find it easy and have no hassle in discussing any issues with you as an instructor that they might have.
A participant may want to discuss was of developing their skills and performance, it is critical they they do not feel intimidated as if they are, they may not want to talk to you, and in this case you would actually be disrupting their learning. Instructors need to be friendly to the participants in their sessions, but they also need to maintain and uphold a professional relationship, this can make a relationship challenging as you have to provide constructive criticism so that they can develop without becoming an "enemy".
An instructor is normally the first or main point of contact for many people, this could include participants who are in their sessions, their parents, teachers an other instructors, it is vital that they can be approachable for any needs and issues, consideration to how they conduct and present yourself is also needed.
Goals can be sub-sectioned into short, medium and long term goals ,as an instructor you will need to set and share goals with participants, teachers and other instructors. For every session that is planned an instructor needs to set aim and objectives to achieve by the end. When an aim or goal is set, it is important to strive to achieve it without moving off course.
In order to stay on course to achieve the aim, you need to be motivated and determined, you also need to motivate the participants. This is done by setting smaller challenges which will bring skills together to achieve the overall goal.
The goal is not just focused to the participants, it is also focused on the instructors ability to effectively lead a session and how they do this.
In the sessions that you run, it is important to to pay great care and attention to every last detail involved that you plan and deliver for.By doing this, you are ensuring that the participants are carrying out each task or activity appropriately by giving the correct instructions and techniques.
As an instructor, you need to show care and attention to each individual participant that you are responsible for. In each session you need to be attentive when observing the sessions and the application of skills, by being attentive you could reduce risks and hazards, it is important to be aware of your surroundings so you know what to do in an emergency, this needs to be done while still showing a professional relationship.
If you spot any reductions in the performance from participants, you should stop the participant and try to develop their shortfall, be it skill or technique. Some articipants may need more attention than others, it is important not to single out individuals and make them feel incompetent, but it is important to help them develop, as they may be a hazard to the group.
As an instructor, you need to be organised and prepared for anything. Organisation really needs to start prior to the activity. If planning a session for a group you have never met before then you will need to find out some information about them. This includes gathering health forms, consent forms and experience level. By doing this it will help you to consider which activities that you will involve in your session
Risk assessments are to be carried out everytime that an activity session is planned, this should be done well in advance to allow for any changes. A session plan hast to be completed too, and this should include "extra" activities if you have spare time left over after the main activity. aswell as all of this, a contingency plan needs to be completed, this will tell you what to do in the case of bad weather, lack of equipment, too many or too little participants and limited space or unavailability of a facility.
Preparing equipment needs to be done with care, as you need to make sure that it is safe to use and in fully working order. It is vital that you know how to use equipment safety and in the right manner, if this is not done equipment can become damaged and unsafe to use. all health and safety checks are to be done before the session, so that no session time is taken up. Finally you need to check that all of the equipment has sufficient insurance on it.
To be a successful instructor each session needs to be developed to the participants within them.The methods of delivery used should encourage all of the participants to take part and learn new skills. Many different roles are needed and I am going to explain some of these now. It takes time to become an effective instructor, but with time, dedication and practice, it can be done.
While leading the sessions that you have planned, you need to be a good motivator , for complete beginners, the first time they do the activity can be the most important for them, it is this experience that will encourage them to persue the activity further. It is also important to keep those experienced motivated and engaged so that they do not mess about.
As a motivator, it is key that you can maintain the interest of each individual. It is important that you learn the similarities and differences between intrinsic and extrinsic motivation as it can help you to understand the way children in your session learn.
A quick summary of the two types of motivation.
* Intrinsic motivation refers to motivation that is driven by an interest or enjoyment in the task itself, and exists within the individual rather than relying on any external pressure. Intrinsic motivation is based on taking pleasure in an activity rather than working towards an external reward.
*Extrinsic motivation is driven by rewards such as grades and credit, it is also driven by things such as a threat of punishment. This type of motivation is based on the performance of an activity to gain an outcome. Competition is a key motivator for extrinsics as it encourages individuals to win.
Rewarding participants is also critical, it would work more for extrinsic motivators but if you are leading a session for children, extra free time wouldn't go amiss. Overall you need to be an enthusiastic motivator, who can deal with different groups.
When instructing sessions, you are representing the activity that you are leading. It is important that you instruct it in a correct and appropriate manner, as you are the role model, the participants will look up to you and copy your mannerisms. It is important to set an example. In order to be an effective and approachable role model, you should dress appropriately in all the sessions that you lead, and display appropriate behavior.
Appropriate behavior and language should be used at all times, during sessions and in between, there is no excuse for slacking as you are around children and it it just not appropriate. As an instructor, you need to accept responsibility for the control and conduct of the participants in your sessions, by demonstrating positive and non-discriminatory behavior, you will encourage others to do the same.
As an instructor, you are actually promoting the activity. The more enthusiastic and 'out there' you are, the more willing and enthusiastic the participants will become too. Your positive attitude will encourage the participants to take up activities as a hobby or sport, it is vital that you do not hinder or obstruct and restrict their learning process.
Instructors teach the participants in their sessions how to develop as a performer in a chosen activity. When planning and delivering activities to beginners you will probably start by teaching them basic and easy-to-learn techniques that will support them in learning basic skills.
As participants develop in these basic skills, support will be needed to further enhance their efficiency, effectiveness and competency when applying a skill from learning to practice. Everyone learns in different ways, and to accommodate a session for all types of learners can be difficult and challenging.
To be an effective teacher, a session plan should include how to engage all of these learners. By learning a mixture of teaching styles that will suit , kinesthetic, auditory and visual learners you will be able to deal with a wide variety of learning needs.