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Courtly Love and Chivalry in Medieval Times
Transcript of Courtly Love and Chivalry in Medieval Times
By: Justine, Samantha and Lara
Also known as 'Middle Ages'
It refers to the era between the fall of the Roman Empire (5th century) and the Renaissance (15th century)
Categorized into three periods:
-Early Middle Ages
-High Middle Ages
-Late Middle Ages
Translated in French as
Originated in France in the 12th century spread across Europe
The "affairs" of the medieval times
Consisted of five main elements:
"The sum of the ideal qualifications of a knight, including courtesy, generosity, valor, and dexterity in arms" (Dictionary)
Expected behavior of knights, horsemen etc. towards women
Combination of military virtues and Christianity
There is a feud between the Montagues and Capulets
Juliet is supposed to marry Paris but falls in love with Romeo
Romeo and Juliet's love is forbidden, thus developing into a courtly relationship
Courtly Love in Romeo & Juliet
The Aristocratic Element
Practiced by knights, and noble lords and ladies
Popular with the royals in the royal palace
The Ritualistic Element
Gifts and tokens were exchanged between couples in courtly relationships
The knight would entice his lady with common gifts, such as songs, poems, flowers, and other lovingly gestures
The lady would simply have to show approval with the slightest bit of affection
The Secret Element
Both members of a courtly relationship had to promise secrecy
The world was excluded (except for those with close relations)
The couple had special rules and places kept secret from others
The Adulterous Element
The Need for Courtly Love
Marriages during this time period had political or economic ties for specific purposes.
"True love" was not considered for noble marriages thus courtly love provided a romantic relationship
Today, marriages incorporate all aspects of a relationship that were not prioritized.
Courtly relationships were outside of marriage
Noble ladies and men would be involved in courtly love to escape their boring, political marriages
* It was generally known that royals were involved in courtly love
The Literary Element
Before courtly relationships became popular amongst the royals, it was a popular theme in fictional literature
Many songs, fables and plays were written based on themes of courtly love
Types of Chivalry
1. Warrior Chivalry
a knight's duties to others
- protecting the poor, putting other's lives before their own
2. Religious Chivalry
a knight's duties to God
- being faithful to God and the Church, being good rather than evil
3. Courtly Love Chivalry
a knight's duties to women
- being respectful and affectionate towards women
Using the props given to your group, decide on a storyline:
Decide on character names
Create a background of the characters
Decide which characters are in which type of relationship
Provide any other details you wish!
Share your storyline with the class