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Transcript of Shogunate Japan
Oxford Big Ideas Australian Curriculum Geography/History Yr 8 Text Book p381
By Declan Othen 8.SP
How the Shogun Period Ended
In Shogunate Japan, Tokugawa Hidetada completely eliminated Christianity. Tokugawa was repeating his father's ban on Christianity. There were some Christians rebelling to this and when some Christians started to rebel, he started executing them. He started with some missionaries and they were the first martyrs of Japan. He also banned all Christian liturature.
The Heian Period was significant because it was one of the longest Shogun periods in Japan and changed the Imperial Court and since Emperor Kammu died weaker emperors ruled the Imperial Court and removed themselves from the society.
What's Significant About It?
Comparison to Medieval Europe
Medieval Japan and Europe had many differences. Medieval Japan had a feudalism system much like Europe, but Japan's version was based off of the ancient Chinese philosopher, Confucious.
The European version of feudalism was based off of Roman laws and customs. Also, Europe and Japan had different names for their troops. Japan called them Samurai's and Europe called them Knights.
Medieval Europe and Japan do have some similarities. For example, both Europe and Japan's warriors were most important because of all the wars that happened. Japan and Europe's warriors went by different codes. They were quite similar. Europe's code was Chivalry and Japan followed the Bushido code.
What's important about this?
What's so Important About This?
What was significant about it?
The Heian period went from 794-1185 CE. In the Heian period, Emperor Kammu moved the capital from Nara to a new city known as Heian-Kyo. Heian-Kyo stayed the capital for the next 1000 years. When the new capital (Heian-Kyo) was made, it started the Heian period. During this period, the imperial court in Heian-Kyo became known for promoting their arts and culture. This was also the time when the emperor started to lose control. Emperor Kammu died in 806.
Samurai were the warriors for Japan and fought for them in war. Samurai followed the Bushido code which meant that they would die when necessary (for their master) and had to overcome their fear of death. All Samurai would also give loyalty to the Daimyo which is their feudal land owner. They would recieve land and position in return. Samurai had two swords (one short and one long) and where meant to be experts at archery and sword fighting.
Samurai were important because they fought for Japan and overcame the fear of dying. They were so loyal that they would let themselves die for their master. Samurai were amazingly important.
Christianity in Japan is important because it changed history. If Christianity wasn't banned by Tokugawa Hidetada then the world would be different today. But in Japan today there is Christianity because of Francis Xavier.
The Shogun period ended in 1867 when Tokugawa Yoshinobu quit and gave the office to the Meiji Emperor. This was because of the fall of Edo.
This was significant because a whole period of history had just ended and this affected all the people in Japan and their society structure.
Social Group Comparison