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Chracters of El. FILI and Noli Me..
Transcript of Chracters of El. FILI and Noli Me..
The Main Characters
The Supporting Characters
Other Supporting Characters
Isagani –nephew of Father Florentino and young poet trained at the Ateneo is a symbol of the liberated Filipino youth whose unselfish devotion urges him to save the faithless Paulita
The characters of
Juan Crisóstomo Ibarra y Magsalin
of Noli Me Tangere and El Filibusterismo
of Noli me Tangere
Crisostomo Ibarra is depicted as one of the Filipinos who managed to finish their studies abroad. He had been living abroad for seven years. Unlike his countrymen, he has a liberal mind, outspoken and idealistic.
Crisostomo Ibarra was the son of Don Rafael, one the wealthiest businessmen in San Diego. As such, he was also a childhood friend of Maria Clara. He is a very patient and serious man but when provoked, becomes very violent and impulsive.
María Clara de los Santos
Crisostomo Ibarra's great-granfather was Don Pedro Eibarramendia, an old, sunken-eyed Basque, who spoke Tagalog well in his deep, hollow voice. His grandfather was Don Saturnino, a Spanish mestizo who settled in San Diego and devoted himself in planting and harvesting indigo. Despite his quiet but cruel disposition, he managed to secure his father's tomb in the old balite tree but rarely visited it. His son, Don Rafael, pursued agriculture and encouraged their neighbors to do so. This made the town of San Diego prosperous.
Crisostomo Ibarra exemplified the vision that Jose Rizal had aimed for the youth of the Philippines during his time. Others attribute Ibarra as Rizal’s reflection of himself.
Maria Clara had eyes like her mother. Its large black orbs were large, had long lashes, and showed emotions openly. Her thick light-colored hair had curls and often strewn with fragrant flowers. Her small shapely ears were assumed to be from her father, Capitan Tiago, and her straight nose was just right. Her small mouth had dimples at the sides and her fair skin was as fine as onion skins.
Maria Clara often wore dainty dresses and religious artifacts (such as rosaries and a locket that contained a sliver from St Peter's boat). She also carries a silk pouch which holds Ibarra's farewell letter. She sometimes carries a fan which she uses to hide her face when embarrassed.
Maria Clara's character is related to Rizal's childhood sweetheart, Leonor Rivera. Like the real life Leonor, she plays the piano and the harp and has a sweet voice. She was portrayed as a faithful sweetheart, a good friend, and an obedient daughter. She is portrayed as the ideal woman during her time. She does not impose her will except when she refused being married off to Linares.
Maria Clara had childish simplicity despite being showered with love and attention by everyone. She gets easily nervous especially when her loved ones are in trouble. She had shown her love to Ibarra with such modesty that remained unsullied of impure ideas.
Maria Clara symbolizes the purity and innocence of a sheltered native woman during the time of Spanish occupation. She does not value material things that were abundantly bestowed upon her by admirers and family alike but holds in high esteem her parents’ honor and the promise she had given to her sweetheart.
Father Demaso Verdolagas
Dámaso Verdolagas, or Padre Dámaso is a Franciscan friar and the former parish curate of San Diego. He is best known as a notorious character who speaks with harsh words and has been a cruel priest during his stay in the town. He is the real father of María Clara and an enemy of Crisóstomo's father, Rafael Ibarra. Later, he and María Clara had bitter arguments whether she would marry Alfonso Linares or go to a convent. At the end of the novel, he is again re-assigned to a distant town and is found dead one day.
He symbolizes the Spanish friars of Rizal's time and is a comment on the Spanish control of the Philippines
Elias is a former boatman who became one of the most wanted criminals in San Diego. He distrusts human judgment and prefers God's justice instead. He is acquainted with the tulisanes and other crooks, which he uses to his advantage in discerning the troubles of the town.
Elias used to have an affluent life with his twin sister. He was educated in a Jesuit College with servants that wait upon him. He prefers a revolution over the reforms that Ibarra has been inclined to believe in.
Elias represents the common Filipino who is not only aware of the injustices done to their countrymen but would also like to deliver them from their oppressors. He is said to be the personification of Andres Bonifacio.
Filosofo Tacio, known by his Filipinized name Pilosopo Tasyo, is another major character in the story. Seeking for reforms from the government, he expresses his ideals in paper written in a cryptographic alphabet similar from hieroglyphs and Coptic figures hoping "that the future generations may be able to decipher it" and realized the abuse and oppression done by the conquerors.
His full name is only known as Don Anastasio. The educated inhabitants of San Diego labeled him as Filosofo Tacio (Tacio the Sage) while others called him as Tacio el Loco (Tacio the Insane) due to his exceptional talent for reasoning.
Tasio comes from a rich family. He is often the pessimist and is untrusting of human altruism. He also does not believe in the religious fanaticism that was in vogue during his time.
Tasio is one of the characters in the novel that Rizal can relate to, as the former is patterned after the latter's oldest brother, Paciano Rizal.
Tasio symbolizes the learned Filipinos who had once embraced the culture of the Spanish regime. They eventually became disenchanted when they return to the Philippines and observe the stark contrast their countrymen receive from their colonizers. The more they turn to learning, the more they become eccentric to the masses they seek to enlighten.
Don Santiago de los Santos, known by his nickname Tiago and political title Capitán Tiago is a Filipino businessman and the cabeza de barangay or head of barangay of the town of San Diego. He is also the known father of María Clara.
In the novel, it is said that Capitán Tiago is the richest man in the region of Binondo and he possessed real properties in Pampanga and Laguna de Bay. He is also said to be a good Catholic, friend of the Spanish government and was considered as a Spanish by colonialists. Capitán Tiago never attended school, so he became a domestic helper of a Dominican friar who taught him informal education.
Capitan Tiago was a typical character during the time of Jose Rizal. He is a rich native-born Filipino who rubbed elbows with the powers that be during that time. He symbolizes the rich Filipinos who oppress their fellow countrymen in exchange for the influence and the riches that they might gain from their powerful associations.
Doña Victorina de los Reyes de Espadaña
commonly known as Doña Victorina, is an ambitious Filipina who classifies herself as a Spanish and mimics Spanish ladies by putting on heavy make-up.The novel narrates Doña Victorina's younger days: she had lots of admirers, but she did not choose any of them because nobody was a Spaniard. Later on, she met and married Don Tiburcio de Espadaña, an official of the customs bureau who is about ten years her junior However, their marriage is childless.
As one of the lesser evils in the novel, Doña Victorina symbolizes those who have a distorted view of their identity. Everything that is indigenous is inferior and everything foreign as superior. It is the comedic form of ‘’colonial mentality’’
These are characters that portray the pervading social cancer in the novels of Rizal.
Don San- Liege de los Santo
pretentious half-breed Chinese. He is an entertaining character and it is equally challenging to uncover, beneath the naughty sarcasm, the cancers for which his type is responsible.
Don Tiburcio de Espadana
Don Tiburcio is the husband of Doña Victorina. He was introduced as one of the invited guests of Capitan Tiago in the latter's welcome party for Juan Crisostomo Ibarra. He was known for charging exorbitant fees for his medical treatment.
Don Tiburcio was intially a low rank official in the Customs.
Don Tiburcio is a caricature of ignorant Spaniards who wreak havoc in the provinces during the colonial era. His countrymen condone his actions for they do not want him to become a burden to them.
Victims of poverty and ignorance.
Sisa, Crispín, and Basilio represent a Filipino family persecuted by the Spanish authorities.
Sisa(Narcisa) is the typical native wife. She endures her husband's beatings and irresponsibility. She had been stripped of her few jewels by her husband, Pedro, an inveterate gambler. Despite the abuse, she considers him her god.
Sisa is described as a mother who considers her sons her only treasure. She would often anticipate when they return home as she would prepare their favorite dishes. She remembers each son's features and when alone, remember moments when her sons were with her.
Sisa is thought to have represented the motherland who was suffering as her character have suffered with the loss of her children. The tragic events that ruined her life represented the abuse that the motherland received from her colonizers.
is Sisa's 10-year-old son. An acolyte tasked to ring the church bells for the Angelus, he faced the dread of losing his younger brother and the descent of his mother into insanity. At the end of the novel, Elías wished Basilio to bury him by burning in exchange for a chest of gold located on his death ground. He will later play a major role in El Filibusterismo
Crispin and his brother, Basilio were introduced in Chapter 15. He is a sacristan who had been accused of stealing two gold pieces by the senior sacristan. Although he had implored his older brother to pay for the said amount, the latter refuses as their mother would have nothing to eat. He had not been eating and he misses his mother for he had not gone home since the money disappeared. He was last seen being dragged away from his brother after pealing the bells. When his mother visited him, he is said to have run away.
Crispin represents the innocents who have been wrongly accused of the crime they did not commit. The injustice they suffered under the hands of the authorities during their time were silenced by their deaths and the cover-ups that follow it.
Due to their tragic but endearing story, these characters are often parodied in modern Filipino popular culture.
Cabesang Tales – diven to outlary by circumstances that reveal the roots of agrarian malaise in the country
Tano – son of Cabesang Tales. Conscripted into military service in the Carolinas where he is so alienated and confused by physical and moral distress that he comes home in a state of shock.
Juli –Tano’s sister, beloved of Basilio. Innocent and hardworking who sacrifices her honor and her life for her family and beloved.
The Tertiary Sisters
Prefigures the “split-level Christianity of contemporary Filipinos-”a.ka. Christians
Paulita Gomez –displays a frivolous sense of values. Niece of Doña Victorina ang sweetheart of Isagani but marries the more affluent Juanito Pelaez.
Señor Pasta -a lawyer who also works as a consultant for the friars. He thinks only of himself, and is willing to be nationalistic only after everyone else becomes patriotic first.
Padre Damaso - is a Franciscan friar and the former parish curate of San Diego. He is best known as a notorious character who speaks with harsh words and has been a cruel priest during his stay in the town. He is the real father of María Clara and an enemy of Crisóstomo's father, Rafael Ibarra. Later, he and María Clara had bitter arguments whether she would marry Alfonso Linares or go to a convent. At the end of the novel, he is again re-assigned to a distant town and is found dead one day.
Father Florentino – distinguished native priest whose serious countenance evinced the “tranquillity of the soul strengthened by study and meditation".
Isagani's godfather, and a secular priest; was engaged to be married, but chose to be a priest after being pressured by his mother, the story hinting at the ambivalence of his decision as he chooses an assignment to a remote place, living in solitude near the sea.
Simoun (Crisostomo Ibarra in disguise, left for dead at the end of Noli Me Tangere)
Simoun is described in the novel as a tall, dark man with white hair and a thin black beard. He wears European clothing and huge blue sunglasses which covered his eyes and part of his cheeks. He spoke with a peculiar accent – a strange mix of English and South American.
Simoun poses himself as a supporter of the Spaniards when, in fact, his mission in returning the country is to get revenge from the injustice he received from the Spanish government. He is still in love with Maria Clara and initially wanted to start a revolution to get her out of the convent but, later on, learns about her death.
Simoun represents the revolutionaries during that time who supported the idea of holding bloody revolt against the Spanish government. His death in El Filibusterismo tells readers that Rizal does not support the armed revolution. The author has also made this clear through the scene where Padre Florentino, after Simoun’s death, threw his remaining jewels to the Pacific Ocean so it may no longer be used for bribery and corruption that can spark a revolt.
Taking to heart the advice of the dying boatman Elias to study at the end of Noli Me Tangere, he went to Manila after burying his mother. There, he was taken in by Capitan Tiago and was able to go to San Juan de Letran. Though a diligent student, he failed to please his teachers, who were affronted by the efforts of a poor native to improve his status in life. His situation in the school improved when his skill in a fencing match impressed one of his teachers. Having high grades, he was encouraged by Capitan Tiago to move to Ateneo, where the teachers were more enlightened and encouraging. While there he pursued a medical degree and became involved in a movement of some students, headed by Isagani, to set up a school for the teaching of Spanish to natives. At the time of Simoun's arrival, he is looking forward to graduating as valedictorian then marrying his childhood sweetheart, Juliana.
The best friend of Basilio, he is a poor law student and poet. He has little fear of authority and speaks openly of his patriotic ideals, becoming the leader of a group of students who plan to set up a school for the teaching of Spanish to natives. With his idealism, he clashes with the cynical Simoun. He is in love with the spoiled, flirtatious Paulita Gomez, against the advice of his uncle and guardian Padre Florentino.
Isagani is the symbol of the youth whose love for the country is great to the point of being branded as idealistic.
Makaraig shared the same nationalistic ideals with that of Isagani. The both of them led their fellow students in the movement for the establishment of the Spanish academy for Filipinos. The only difference between the two is their social status. Being wealt, His wealth also helped him obtain freedom after being imprisoned together with the other students. It also helped him secure a passport to hurriedly flee the country and migrate to Europe.
Makaraig represented the well-to-do Filipino youth during the Spanish era who had good dreams for the country. His character also provided readers a glimpse of how different the rich and the poor were treated during that time in society. Both he and Isagani led the student movement, yet, he was still favored upon by the friars because of his social status.
Juliana, Kabesang Tales's daughter and Basilio's sweetheart is known by the nickname Juli. Devoted to Basilio, when her family falls into debt she decides to become a servant rather than sell the locket he had given her, once a possession of Maria Clara's that had fallen into his hands. Pure and innocent, she is nevertheless aware of the curate's reputation as a womanizer. But she is made to feel by a devout, busybody neighbor woman that she has no other recourse but to ask his help in freeing Basilio. After much hesitation she approaches the friar, only to end up getting fatally injured running from him.
Juli, like Maria Clara, symbolizes the purity and innocence of the lower class women during Rizal's time. She would rather sacrifice rather than give up her ideals.
A beautiful girl who is admired by all the students, she at first shows preference for Isagani. But she is thrown into the company of Juanito Pelaez because her aunt, the ridiculous Doña Victorina Noli Me Tangere, has taken an interest in the young heir, even contemplating marrying him if her runaway husband were found to be dead. Eventually the self-centered Paulita chooses to marry the amusing Juanito rather than the serious Isagani. Her romantic dilemma is similar to that faced by Rizal's real-life sweetheart Leonor Rivera.
Paulita Gomez is a caricature of a woman who chooses the best option for a more stable future. She knows what is best for her and would take advantage of her admirers to get what she wants.
Aspiring to start his own farm, he suffered great losses. First, his wife and eldest daughter died while clearing their land. Then most of his land was seized and he was charged an exorbitant tax on the little left to him. Known to be dependable, he was elected the kabesa or head of the barangay, which meant often having to appease the higher officials by shouldering the expenses of those who were unable to pay their taxes. His son was conscripted by the Civil Guard and his daughter, Juliana, became a servant to help pay off their debts. Finally, when Simoun comes to pass the night at his house, he takes Simoun's revolver and goes to join the tulisanes. He murders the friar-adminstrator and the new tenants of his land. Later Juliana is killed in an encounter with a friar and his father, struck dumb, dies in an encounter with the Guardia Civil, shot by his own grandson.
A secular Filipino priest. Pressured by his mother, he became a priest even though he was in love. After his former sweetheart married a worthless man, he devoted himself to his priestly duties and the study of natural sciences. He prefers to live alone on his family's remote seaside property than to maintain the position of curate, which suggests his strong character in avoiding the temptations of a prestigious position and high income. Through his words to the dying Simoun, he reaffirms Rizal's stance that liberation must be achieved not through bloody revolution but through peaceful reforms.
A high official in the government, he has held many posts, many of which he had no qualifications for. He used his rich wife's money to secure such positions. He has a mistress, a dancer named Pepay, on whom people rely for assistance in swaying Don Custodio when they need a favor from him.