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Indus River Valley
Transcript of Indus River Valley
Writing Cities Art Social Structure INDUS Government The first cities in the Indus River Valley were Mohenjodaro and Harappa. Later smaller cities included Kot Diji, Kalibangan, Ropar, and Lothal. This is the Great Bath in Mohenjo Daro. It was used in religious ceremonies similar to baptisms. Harappa and Mohenjo Daro were the first cities with advanced drainage systems and road systems. The Indus River Valley had a very primative religion. They worshipped animals to some extent and their main deity was a mother goddess. When their civilization declined, so did their religion. Depicts the mother Goddess of the Indus River Valley Civilization. Dancing, music, and sculpting were all apart of the civilization's culture. Many statues have been excavated, made from stone, bronze, and terracotta. This statue, found in Mohenjo Daro, is made of white steatite, and is made to represent a priest king. All samples of early Indus civilization text are in an undeciphered, symbolic language. Little is known about this script because it doesn't appear to relate to any current language. The most commanly accepted theory is that it is of Dravidian origin. This image is an Indus seal (stamped into clay) depicting a unicorn. The language at the top right is unknown. Very little is known about the government of the Indus River Valley, but it is believed that they created a mostly central government centered around a priest-king. Much like current India, religion was very involved in government, meaning priests were seen as nobility. This is harrappan pottery. The Indus civilization had some of the first known uses of pottery wheels. Though less developed than it is today, the Indus civilization created a 3 level caste system. The highest class included the priests and nobility, the second included the merchants and farmers. The lowest social class were the peasents, called the "untouchables." The "untouchables" are still the lowest in the caste system and face poverty and discrimination to this day.