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Transcript of Bullfighting
508 Who are the people involved in a bullfight? El matador Bullfighting is a ritual. It is a ceremony that is carried out in carefully prearranged steps, as called for by the tradition of the corrida, each stage with its own name, and which the aficionados in the crowd will know by heart. The lead roles are played by the bull and the matador in the arena. It is a ritual that requires a sacrifice, a sacrifice to the death. What is a bullfight? "The Killer" The matador is the main
fighter that, in the end, kills the bull. Los banderilleros "The Flagman" The banderilleros are also bullfighters, but it is their job to assist the matador in working with the bull. They are also responsible for jabbing the banderillas or "little flags" into the bull‘s back. Los picadores "The Lancers" The picadores ride in on a horse.
Their job is to drive a lance into the back of the bull to create a hole. Take a look at what it takes to get started in bullfighting: What are the stages of a bullfight? Stage 1: Tercio de varas: A bullfight or "corrida" starts with a parade of all the contestants and bailiffs dressed in 17th century costume, who salute the president of the fight. The president is an important official who controls the fight and can award trophies to a matador who performs well. A trumpet is blown to announce the first fight when the matador and his team enter the ring, and to signal the end of each stage. The bailiffs receive the key to the gate which is thrown to them by the president of the bullfight, through which the bulls enter the ring. The president then waves a white handkerchief to signal the entrance of the first bull into the ring. Stage 2: Tercio de banderillas La entrada: "The entrance" During the preliminary phase the footmen, peones or capeadores work the bull with large magenta and gold capes while carefully appraising its agility,intelligence, dangers, sight and, most importantly, its strength. It's very important for the matador to determine the animal's qualities such as whether it favours one horn or the other (e.g. hooks to the left) or swings its horns up at
the end of each pass.
This is when the picadores, mounted on padded and blindfolded horses provoke the bull to attack them. The aim is to plunge their lance into the bull's neck thus weakening its strong neck muscles. This causes it to lower its head without which the matador couldn't perform the coup de grace in the final part of the fight Where is a bullfight held? There are about 70 bullrings in Southern Spain alone. Seville is the most important. Don't miss the week of fights which coincide with the Seville Spring Fair. Ronda is the oldest bullring in Spain. Some bullrings house bullfighting museums. They can also be used for other events such as pop concerts. When the bull has been sufficiently weakened by the picadores, the next stage commences, during which barbed darts decorated with colourful ribbons are placed in the bull's neck. The banderillero, carrying a banderilla in each hand, runs towards the charging bull at an angle and places the banderillas in its neck. These are not supposed to weaken the bull but rather correct any tendency to hook, regulate the carriage of the head and slow it down. Stage 3: Tercio de muerte The final stage of a bullfight is called the tercio del muerte and ends with the death of the bull. It begins with the matador removing his hat, saluting the president and asking for permission to perform and kill the bull. He may dedicate the bull to somebody in the crown. Sometimes the matador will toss his hat over his head, if it lands upside down, it is supposed to be bad luck. The matador creates a series of passes with his red cape (of which there are 40), bringing the animal closer to his body. The two most basic passes include the right handed pass in which the sword is used to expand the cloth and the left handed'natural'. After each pass the crowd usually shouts Ole!
When the matador realizes the bull is weak and unable to charge much longer he will reach for his killing sword and seek to maneuver it directly in front of him with its head down, so that he can administer the death stroke. The matador looks down the sword to sight the target, leans over the horns and attempts to insert it between the cervical vertebra and into the bull's heart.
How do they choose a bull? Each bullfight comprises six bulls and three matadors, each of whom fights two bulls. The bulls are specially bred fighting bulls, usually from the same bloodline and are not less than four years old with a weight somewhere between 500 and 800 kilos. They must never have faced a man on foot before they enter the bullring. The reason being that if this is the case, they may charge the man, instead of the cape. The selection of bulls is determined by drawing lots on the morning of the corrida Here you can watch a bullfight
from start to finish: What happens once the bull has died? If the matador has performed well and made a quick, clean kill he will be applauded, do a lap of honour and be showered with flowers, hats, cushions and anything else on hand. The crowd demonstrates its approval of a fight by waving white handkerchiefs which are a signal to the president to award the matador a trophy, such as an ear or tail. If the matador won at least two ears during the corrida then he is eligible for a "salida en hombros", to be carried out on the shoulders of admirers. ACTFL Standards addressed: Gain Knowledge and Understanding of Other Cultures
Standard 2.1: Students demonstrate an understanding of the relationship between the practices and perspectives of the culture studied.
Connect with Other Disciplines and Acquire Information
Standard 3.2: Students acquire information and recognize the distinctive viewpoints that are only available through the foreign language and its culture.
Develop Insight into the Nature of Language and Culture
Standard 4.2: Students demonstrate understanding of the concept of culture through comparisons of the cultures studied and their own.
Pilot Productions, (2003). Globe Trekker: Northern Spain. [Full Video]. Available from http://www.discoveryeducation.com/