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Transcript of Chile
It is in South America. It is under Peru to the North while Bolivia is to the North East. Argentina is East of Peru while the Drake Passage is South.
Population: 16.5 Million
Area: 302,778 square miles
Coastline: 3,998 miles
Highest point; Nevado Ojos del salade at 22,572 feet ( 6,880m)
Official Language: Spanish
Chile is a democracy with several different parties. Like the United States they elect a president who serves a 4 year term. Current President is Sebastian Pinera.
1 Chilean peso = 0.0020 US Dollar.
$1 US Dollar = 507.36 Chilean Peso
Levels of Education -
-Pre-School, for children 0-5 years old.
-Primary School, for children 6-13 years old, is divided into 8 Grades.
-Secondary school, for teenagers aged 14-17 years old divided into 4 Grades.
Scientific-humanities - prepare student to enter university. Student can choose a subject in either science or humanities, for more advanced lessons.
technical-professional - designed to allow student to quickly enter the workforce after secondary school. Student are taught lessons such as electricity, mechanics, metal assembly, ect.
-Higher Education, divided in to Traditional and Private universities. (Created before the 1981)
Married couples are expected to be in charge of their families.
They are close with members of their entire family. They also will make friends that are so close that it is like family. Children will actually call their parent's friends "uncle" or "aunt".
Children are taught to have a strong respect for their parents. Most families are patriarchal (Dad in charge) but mothers do make decisions equally. Sons and daughter are treated differently with the girls having stricter rules.
Mostly unknown till the 15th Century when the Incas began to conquer many areas.
The Incas fought the Mapuche but could not defeat these local people that occupied the central valley.
In 1541, Pedro de Valdavia, followed the Inca road and founded Santiago in February, and soon afterward crossed into Mapuche domains and established strong hold.
In 1553, he was bound to a tree and beheaded.
Dr. Salvador Allende a Marxist (communist) came to power and caused major political issues. He was later killed in an uprising.
Chile has many different immigration groups from almost every European country.
Spanish is the country's official language but some still speak native dialects.
For 400 years the Spanish ruled the area and this allowed trade directly with Peru. Smuggling, crime and pirates were active during this time especially on the coast.
In 1817 Chile gained it's independence from Spain.
The Mapuche region to the south, resisted the new chilean government and were independent until the middle of the century
Chile's war of independence led to a representative government but the transition it wasn't easy.
Seafood, beef, fresh fruits, and vegetables, tamales, sandwiches, and casseroles. Chile has some of the world's best seafood since it has such a long coast. Traditional foods are also becoming increasingly popular, especially in Santiago.
Santiago,Founded in 1541,shaped by several stand-alone hills and the fast-flowing Mapocho River, lined by elegant parks such as Parque Forestal.
Chile's Main export product is copper.
Chile is very rich in minerals
Number of years under Spanish rule
1541-1817= 276 years
Lunch is the big meal of the day. A typical lunch might include beef, lamb, pork or chicken. Lunch could instead include fish with rice or pasta and vegetables. A smaller dinner is served after 8. Food is prepared many different ways. Chile has a wide variety of fruits available all year.
What I enjoyed the most about my stay
Chile and their dance
Thanks for watching!
By: Jenna Brookins
Lauca National Park
Torres del Paine
Valle de la Luna
Los Pinguinos Natural Monument
Cerro San Cristobal