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Copy of Citizenship and Government
Transcript of Copy of Citizenship and Government
obj: Define government and recognize the need and necessity of it in society
What is government and do we need it?
Greet each person in your table group with a good morning and one thing they do well.
Introduction to rights and responsibilities of citizenship
American Values: Freedom and the Declaration of Independence
obj: To distinguish between fact and opinion, government and politics, and describe jobs of government.
What does government do?
What is a citizen?
Citizenship & Government
How does citizenship work in a community at the local, state, and national level of government?
No Rules, just fun.
What does this slogan mean?
What are the effects of living by this slogan?
No Rules, just fun.
Look at the scenario handed to your group now do your roles with the above slogan in mind!
Do we need rules?
Is it better to have rules? Why?
Are activities and situations safer with rules? Why?
Who makes rules?
What does this activity have to do with government?
What is another name for rules that everyone must abide by?
Who makes laws?
What is government?
Government is a group of people who are in charge of a city, state, or country that make and enforce laws.
Word Work & Keeping the Facts Straight!
What are somethings were good at as a class? Who has a particular skill they are good at? Are we all good at the same things? Why/why not?
How do we benefit from being good at different things?
Take an index card and write 1 thing your are responsible for in your daily life. (For example: I might write: I make dinner for my family. OR I put dishes away.) *Be ready to share!
Remember talking about community building and our classroom being a community? That makes us citizens of our classroom (school, town, state, country, and world).
Let's make a responsibility chain as we share.
What happens if we don't do our responsibilities or collective work and responsibility?
obj: a brief history leading to the Declaration of Independence, analyze words found in the D.O.I in order to describe their importance to Americans, and create individual declarations to describe vales that are important to students in a community.
Give Examples and What It Means
Is freedom always a good thing?
Why do people value freedom?
Does freedom mean that you can always do what your want? Why or why not?
A Committee for Freedom
The colonists felt as though they had no say in their futures because of the actions of King George III. These actions included:
Refusing to allow the colonists to raise an army to defend against an attack from the French.
Imposing a stamp tax without the consent of the colonists.
Enacting a tax on tea that increased the cost of tea, without the say of the colonists.
Enacting a tax on sugar without the approval of he colonists.
Passing a law requiring the colonists to provide food and lodging for British soldiers.
Why do your think the colonists felt a Declaration of Independence or freedom was necessary? Do you think you would have signed such a declaration if you had been present in 1776? Why or why not?
The Declaration of Independence
We hold these truths to be self-evident
that all men are created equal,
That they are endowed by their Creator
With certain unalienable Rights,
that among these are
Life, Liberty and the pursuit of Happiness.
Discuss in your table groups:
What do you think is meant by 'Rights' in the 4th line?
What rights do American have?
Does the pursuit of happiness mean that you should always have fun?
What responsibilities do you think come with being free?
What virtues (the good ways we think and act) would you like to declare to make our classroom, community, and/or country a great place.
Government: a group of people that are in charge of a city, state, or country that make and enforce laws.
What does government do?
Describe what government is doing in each picture.
Let's look at our two tiger columns.
Let's look at our two government columns.
It is important to remember our focus is on what government not opinions or political ideas about the government.
Fill out your exit slip from this activity!
Summarize the events of our activity.
Was the web stronger or weaker?
How is each relationship in our classroom community valuable?
•What does it mean that only 10% of students feel that they can solve problems in the community?
Only 10% of young adults (Ages 18-25) are confident that they personally can make a great deal of difference in solving community problems. (CIRCLE, 2006)
•Based on our activity, what might make young people feel more empowered?
•Looking at our morning question, what characteristics of citizenship seem most important in our classroom?
•Why might this be?
What is Democracy?
obj: You'll be able to identify a democracy as a type of government and will be able to understand the basic workings of a democracy. As well as become more familiar with the election process through a voting simulation.
A government is a group of people who make decisions, create laws and protect our country.
When our government was first formed, its creators decided we would form a democracy. The "Founding Fathers" of our country based our model of democracy on one from ancient Greece.
In an American democracy people elect representatives to make decisions on their behalf.
Why isn't it effective for all citizens to help in the decision making process?
Big news: we're going on a field trip! Where should we go?
Not all countries countries have a democracy!
Our democracy has a set of basic laws called the Constitution.
Look up the The Bill of Rights (the first 10 amendments to the Constitution.
Pick a number out of hat and draw a picture of that amendment and be ready to explain it!
Make up a tableau pose about your amendment to demonstrate your understanding.
Election: The USA is a democracy. In American democracy citizens elect representatives to make decisions on their behalf. An election is an organized event where people select candidates or register their opinion on the actions of government. The candidates chosen make decisions about how to run the government.
Voting is simple. A voter uses a ballot. (paper or electronic)
Is this a fair system? Why/why not?
Is everyone happy?
What if you don't like what the majority chose?
Does this happen in our country?
Is our classroom a democracy?
Should it be?
How is your family organized? Is it a democracy? Should it be?
Does your family ever vote for a meal or activity?
Voting:What is it and Does it Matter?
Morning Message: October 22, 2012
is when you express your opinion or preference for something.
People will campaign, they will try to make their opinion look and sound like the best.
We are going to have a class party. The two choices for a treat are cupcakes OR ice cream. We will not have both. Your job is to pick the one you think we should have and design a campaign poster for it about why it is so great, so that when others see your poster they'll want to vote for what is on your poster!
Paper is on middle table.
The Beginning of the Constitution
Morning Message: October 23, 2012
James Madison: Writer of the Constitution
"If men were angels, no government would be necessary."- James Madison
In your morning notebook :Explain what you think James Madison meant by the above quote. When you are done read over the below information about James Madison.
•In 1776, he was a member of the Virginia constitutional committee that created Virginia’s first constitution and a Bill of Rights for the state.•He supported religious tolerance and was a leading advocate for the separation of church and state.•In 1779, he was elected to represent Virginia in the Continental Congress. •James Madison led the Constitutional Convention and drafted the Constitution using the notes he took during the debates and discussions.•Is called the “Father of the Constitution” for drafting the document that would create the government of the United States.
Follow the Leader
Morning Meeting: October 24, 2012
Brainstorm the qualities/characteristics of a good leader. Try to think of at least 4.
Also brainstorm a couple of ways you can be a leader in our classroom, home, and/or our community.
Draw a picture and write about it!
GRAB THE SHEET OFF THE MIDDLE TABLE!
Forms of Democracy
Obj: Identify the presence of direct and representative democracy in society and determine how citizens decide whom to vote for.
A form of government the people make decisions
Direct Democracy In Action
Vote Tally: Let's debrief it!
Democracy: There are two types:
1. Direct Democracy
2. Representative Democracy
When the people make the decisions directly
Ice Cream vs Cupcakes
Direct Democracy in Action
You elect a representative that best fits your beliefs
Representative Democracy in Action
Read and Select Carefully
Venn Diagram & Root Work
October 29, 2012:
Barack Obama is our 44th President: Using means in our classroom list (IN ORDER) the previous 43. *Remember Presidents are names: Proper Nouns.
Bones and Muscles: The Body:: ___________________: American Government
Understanding the Constitution:
3 Branches of Government
It's all about STRUCTURE
Government: a group of people who are in charge of a city, state, or country that make laws and enforce these laws.
Us Constitution: give our government shape and guides its function
Constitution and Reading Guide
Re enforcement of the 3 Branches
obj: intro to the responsibilities of the president
What Does the President Do?
"No Person except a natural born Citizen, or a Citizen of the United States, at the time of the Adoption of this Constitution, shall be eligible to the Office of President; neither shall any Person be eligible to that Office who shall not have attained to the Age of thirty five Years, and been fourteen Years a Resident within the United States."
I do solemnly swear that I will faithfully execute the office of President of the United States , and preserve protect and defend the Constitution of the United States. -Presidential oath
Roles of the President
Head of the Executive Branch
Head of State
Chief of Government
Head of the US Military
Construct a well thought out paragraph.
The President's job is Easy or Hard?
Can I Vote for President?
Election Day: The Tuesday after the first Monday in November. This year it is November 2, 2012.
This was first established in 1845. This date was carefully chosen. At this time, most Americans were farming. November was chosen because this was after the fall harvest, but the weather was still mild enough to permit travel to polls. Tuesday was the day chosen to allow for travel time and not interfere with church on Sunday.
A person must be registered to vote:
You must be 18 years old or older
You have to be a citizen of the USA
What age do you think you should have to be to be able to vote? Brainstorm reasons why.
Construct a paragraph arguing your position!
Morning Message: October 30, 2012
On the middle table there are white squares of paper. Please draw a portraiture of yourself. It can be of just your face or your whole body. Please take your time as these will appear on a flag with the entire rest of the school and Spring Green Elementary.
When you are done please go back to work on your root word project from yesterday.
Political Party Symbols
Obj: Be able to identify 2 major political parties in USA, associate the elephant with Republican Party and the donkey with the Democratic Party, interpret what the symbols mean to each party, & determine purpose of using symbols to represent these parties.
Tether Ball Party
What is it called when we use a visual representation? Can you think of some?
Now make a symbol for your recess party.
What do these symbols have to do with Politics?
A political party is a group of people that believe in certain ideas and rights. When one person’s beliefs match the same ideas and principles as a party, he/she can be considered in agreement with that particular party.
Our country has 2 major political parties: Democrats and Republicans.
What are some positive adjectives that describe donkeys and what are some positive adjectives that describe elephants?
A little history:
Still not official
Let's look at some older political cartoons and see what they tell us about the state of the country!
Imagine you are running for president in a NEW political party. What animal would you want to represent your party and why? Think of 5 positive adjectives that describe that animal and construct a paragraph explaining why that animal will represent your party. Then draw a cartoon version of your animal OR draw it as a symbol.
Because we love these guys so much! (And they have a lot to say about political parties)
How does citizenship work in a community at the local, state, and national level of government?
What have we learned about citizenship and our government?
Narrow our focus...Where does your interest lie?
Who could we learn more about?
How can you show what you learn about some of our most famous citizens in a portraiture?
Of course there are guidelines:
Demonstrate interesting facts about president/leader
All should be in cut out format
You and your partner(s) should do equal work in the production of the project
You should know why you put/chose the artifacts present on your protraiture
Mrs. Sti needs our help. Her first and second graders are super curious about leaders in our country. There are so many students and only 1 Mrs. Sti. So she is enlisting our help. We need to each learn about a leader in our country past and present and be ready to teach our younger partners all we know about them. Then create a product that demonstrates our knowledge. So remember we are in an arts integrated school...so what art form have we been learning about on some Tuesdays and Wednesdays afternoons?