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Abby Wagner

on 6 February 2017

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Transcript of Introduction:

The central and west part of Rwanda is covered by the Albertine Rift Mountains. These mountains turn to savannahs, forests, swamps, and plains as you move eastward.
The Kigali Genocide memorial and the Ntarama Church are apart of the top 25 landmarks in Africa. The sites are there to serve as a reminder of the past of Rwanda. It shows you how far the country has come since the genocide 22 years ago. The memorial is an important place to remember and honor all of the Tutsi people that suffered through the genocide.
The biggest body of water in Rwanda is lake Kivu. Lake Kivu is one of the 20 deepest lakes in the world. It's maximum dept is about 1, 575 ft deep (about 480 m).
Clothing and Music
Women usually wear pant suits or long skirts with very colorful shirts. Men wear suits and long sleeves (even though it is around 85°), or pants and a nice shirt.
Traditional music involved many different instruments. after the genocide much of this music dies off and the modern music is starting to fade back into the more traditional side.
The capital of Rwanda is Kigali.
There major languages are Kinyarwanda (also known as Rwandan), French, and English.
Rwanda was originally apart of Ruanda - Urundi.
When Ruanda - Urundi became independent in 1962 they split into the countries that are now named Rwanda and Burundi.
There first president was Grégoire Kayibanda.

Abby Wagner
The genoide greatly damages the Rwandan economy but since then they have almost completly recovered. Recently there has been a strog growth of the economy. Even though their economy is low they still remain a fairly poor country. Around 39% of the Rwandan population is below the the poverty line.
Most of their land is used for Agriculture. About 90% of Rwandans work in agriculture. Even though most people work in agriculture, they are running out of room to expand. The amount that they can expend depends on the amount of fertile soil.
The currency in Rwanda is the franc.

The Rwandan genocide is also known as the genocide against the Tutsi. There was a mass slaughter of about 500,000 to 1,000,000 Tutsi people. They were killed throughout a 100 day period from April 7th to mid-July 1994.

The genocide was executed and planned by an elite political core. Many of the people from this core were part of the national government.

The genocide turn a gender-specific turn when over 500,000 women were sexually mutilated, raped, or were murdered in a period of 100 days. They were using rape as a weapon of war. This was the first time that an act of rape during a war was considered genocide. The term genocide rape shortly after was created to classify what had happen in Rwanda after those short 100 days.

The Rwandan people now have 2 public holidays honoring the all of the Tutsi people that were killed in the genocide.
Major Cities
The 5 major cities in Rwanda are Kigali (745,261), Butare (89,600), Gitarama (87,613), Musanze (86,685), Gisenyi (83,623),
Everyday clothing
Traditional tribal clothing
Culture Cont.
Education and technology
Rwandan children start school at age 6 and the ngo to primary school for 6 years. Primary school is mandatory but not enforce. Nearly all children attend primary school but lees than 60% of children finish. After Primary school if you would like to proceed with school you have to take an exam. If you pass this exam you then go to secondary school for another 6 years. There are very few colleges in Rwanda. Not very many people can afford Secondary school so for most kids College is not an option.
Most of the Rwandan's population has little to electricity. If you are lucky enough to have it, it is very costly. Technology on the other hand is slowly becoming bigger and better after the genocide. There future is becoming more high tech
The president is elected as the head of state and then they elect the prime minister as the head of government. government. The have the same Judicial, Executive, and Legislative branches.
The food in Rwanda varies throughout the country but the most common would be beans. Rural people usually just eat what they would grow. Many eat rice, and meat but meat is considered a luxury for Sundays, special events, or holidays. The most popular food is ubugali which is a thick doughy paste that is made from corn, sorghum, and cassava flour. They eat fruits and vegetables such as bananas, papayas, mangoes, avocados, passion fruit, cabbage, cassava leaves, and peas. They also import thing from uganda such as traditional English-style bread instead of french bread.
Holidays and Religions
Christianity was introduced in the early 20th century by european missionaries. 50% of Rwandans are christian and 39% are Protestant. About 2% are muslim and less than 1% are practices indigenous.

Have 11 official holidays. New year's Day (Jan. 1), Heroes Day (Feb. 1), Good Friday and Easter Monday, Genocide Memorial Day (Apr. 7), Labor Day (May 1), Independence Day (July 1), Liberation Day (July 4), Assumption Day (Aug. 15), Christmas (Dec. 25), and Boxing Day (Dec. 26).
New Years
New years begins right after schristmas. People usually go out and buy new clothes and furniture to renovate their homes. They do not stay up until midnight so it is typically celebrated Januarry 1. They get together and drink and have fun with friends and families.
Liberation Day
This is the most important patriotic holiday. Liberation Day marks the end of the Rwandan genocide. Each village and city holds events to celebrate and there is a big national celebration in Kigali in the stadium. Political leaders give speeches about the time during the genocide when they were struggilng for liberation and their achievments since the 1994 genocide.
This is an important holiday for Rwandan christians. Before this holiday people go out and buy new clothes particularily for children. In the weeks before, radio stations and televisions broadcast christmas carols and they provide greatly detailes retellling of the nativity story. On Christmas eve, churches hold large gatherings that include songs and plays.
Natural resources

gold methane

cassiterite (tin ore) wolframite (tungsten ore)
Rwanda has high altitude which generally leads to a moderate climate. Rain fall usually occurs from February to April and November to January. These are considered the rainy seasons. The average yearly rainfall is around 40.5 inches. The average temperature is about 73°F.
Interesting Facts
There are 12,988,423 people living in Rwanda.
Only about 26% of roads in Rwanda are paved.
The average person usually just walks or rides their bike from place to place.
Plastic bags are illegal in Rwanda and if you have one with you it could be up to a $100-150 fine. Because of this Rwanda is one of the most litter-free countries in the world.
There is a little to no threat of terrorism in Rwanda.
Because of the vast range of environments in Rwanda, there are many different species. There are 670 different species of birds alone.

The Rwandan flag was adapted on October 25, 2001. The sun represents the knowledge that will guide the people. The blue represents happiness and peace. Yellow is about the economic development. Last the green color symbolizes prosperity.
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Minerals, Dakota Matrix. "Cassiterite w/ Limonite & Quartz." Cassiterite Mineral Specimen For Sale. N.p., n.d. Web.
Minerals, Dakota Matrix. "Wolframite." WOLFRAMITE Mineral Specimen For Sale. N.p., n.d. Web. 20
"Our Latest KIVA Microfinance Loans: Kyrgyzstan, Philippines and Rwanda." Marquette Turner Luxury Homes. N.p., 12 June 2011. Web
"Map of AFRICA." Africa Map: Interactive Map of Africa with countries and capitals. N.p., n.d. Web.
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My life would be different if I lived in Rwanda because there whole culture is different then ours. They eat different things, wear different, things, work different jobs then most, and I would have a completely different life there. I would wear jeans and a t-shirt. I would be in a colorful to with a long skirt, or I would have a uniform that I would wear to school. I wouldn't have a car either. I would walk or bike everywhere. They are a much poorer country then we are so it would be totally life changing to live in Rwanda. In schools they would learn about their history which is completely different than ours. Then went through a genocide and we americans don't know what that would be like. Iowa is about .18 times bigger than Rwanda. We have about 2 million people living in Iowa and they have 12 million people living there. That is insane. It seems like there would be a person everywhere you look but that isn't the case.
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