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What do we mean by linguistic identity?
Transcript of What do we mean by linguistic identity?
"Mind Mapping" Method
“Language is the roadmap of a culture. It tells you where its people came from and where they are going.” Rita Mae Brown
"Language is one of the most powerful emblems of social behavior...language use symbolically represents fundamental dimensions of social behavior and human interaction." (Wolfram)
"Am fear a chailleas a chanain caillidh e a shaoghal."
He who loses his language loses his world. (Scottish Gaelic)
A natural language is the archive where the experiences, knowledge and beliefs of a community are stored.
– Fernando Lázaro Carreter
Primary idea of the mind map in the center. Different color notes to differentiate between topics.
"Language is the most massive and inclusive art we know, a mountainous and anonymous work of unconscious generation"
– Edward Sapir
What do I mean by linguistic identity?
Language and cultural identity
On the individual level: where we grew up, went to school, wealthy (or not) your family were, will be displayed through the variety of the language you use.
Accent can indicate regional origin, social class and to some extend, the kind of education they had.
Accent as a label of identity : language speakers most frequently change, either to disguise their membership of, or distance themselves from, a particular social group, or to move closer to a group they want to belong to.
Another method used
Language and thought
Identity is something we are constantly building and negotiating all our lives through our interaction with others
Identity is also multifaceted - people switch into different roles at different times in different situations
"If you talk to a man in a language he understands, that goes to his head. If you talk to him in his language, that goes to his heart." – Nelson Mandela
CONCEPTS WHICH SHOULD BE CLEAR BEFORE STARTING
“A language is a set of sentences, each finite in length and constructed out of a finite set of elements.”_ Noam Chomsky
Functions of language
Language is a way of communicating thoughts and feelings.
Language can unite people, language can divide people.
it can also constitute a means of asserting one’s identity or one’s distinctiveness from others.
A common language may be the ideal vehicle to express the unique character of a social group
According to Joanna Thorn borrow “Identity, whether on an individual, social or interactional level is something that we are constantly building and negotiating throughout our lives and through our interaction with each other”
Kinds of identity
There are four kinds of identity which are as follows:
1- Master identity
2- Interactional identity
3- Personal identity
4- Relational identity
Master identity is relatively stable and unchanging such as; gender, ethnicity, age, national and regional origins.
The meanings of master identity change across time and space.
Interactional identity refers to roles that people take on in a communicative content with specific other people.
Personal identity is the rational way in which people talk and behave with each other.
Relational identity refers to the kind of relationship that a person enacts. It may be with a particular conversational partner or in a specific situation; it negotiates from moment to moment and is highly variable
Various studies show that a person’s national identity results directly from the presence of elements in people’s daily lives such as:
· National symbols
· The nation’s history
· Culture, music etc.
In what ways does language affect an individual's identity?
When does language become a defining character of our identity?
Language and National identity
Thought processes and perceptions of reality differ from one culture to another. How people think and speak is ultimately determined largely by their culture. We call this Linguistic Relativity
· National –language may for instance represent the national identity of a nation
· There is often a particularly strong link between language and a sense of belonging to a national group, a sense of national identity. In ‘simple’ cases, there is one ‘national language’ which is spoken by everyone with the same national identity. Most cases are however complex, and involve more than one language (e.g. Switzerland), and some languages are linked to more than one national identity (e.g. German).
· ‘National’ language(s) are taught in schools as subjects and are also used in schools to teach other subjects.
Cultural identity is the identity or feeling of belonging to a particular religion, social class, locality or any kind of social group that has its own culture. Culture includes; language, dress, laws, customs, rituals, norms and rules and regulations.
The relationship between language and identity will always involve a complex mix of individual , social and political factors which work to construct people as belonging to a social group, or to exclude them from it.
I made a "Cultural Identity Questionnaire" and give it to my friends and family.
There are 15 persons from different range of ages, different communities and with different occupations.
Some of them have lived in Galicia all their lifes, some of them only a period and others never.
Moreover, the ones who had lived in Galicia have received formal education of the language.
PART B. Only for Galician people
I asked them which are the prototypicals word for define a "galician", these are some examples:
Sailors, northerns, hospitality and humble.
Friendly, kind, funny
Se chove qe chova (if rains , that rains)
Polite and friendly.
Clever, shy and funny
Everyone has a dialect and speaks with an accent. Accent and dialect are about our identity, history, geography and culture; they are part of us. You should never feel that you need to change or lose them but you probably need to adapt them, depending upon the people you talk to and the circumstances you talk in. You might change how you speak to make yourself understood or to create a particular impression.
People can make judgements based on accent and dialect in the same way they make judgements about appearance. This is not justifiable, but it is a persistent fact of life.
People learn a language and accent or dialect of their home community. Each of the speakers in these podcasts expresses a different view about their spoken language, and some feel more positive about how they speak than others.
Language has an impact on multiple levels: social, national and linguistic
Embodies the culture and traditions of its speakers
Has power to create and break down communities
Personal dilemmas over sense of belonging for individuals