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Jonathan Moreland Ancient History
Transcript of Jonathan Moreland Ancient History
Ancient History By: Jonathan Moreland
Before Written records
They used stone arrowheads to make sharp spears out of wood.
They used sharp spears to hunt the animals down.
This is a giant sloth and it stands up to almost 13 feet. They eat small insects, leaves and lots of vegetation and bugs
This is a prehistoric Irish Elk and the largest elk ever found was 12 feet tall.
Neanderthal Vs. Cro-Magon
Before 3.500 B.C.
Neanderthals had larger jaws, larger foreheads, and their skulls were shaped like a football.
The Cro-Magnons had flatter jaws than the neanderthals, they had smaller foreheads, and their head looked similar to modern humans heads in present time.
Prehistoric pots were used for many different purposes. Often serving a practical function, such as holding food stuffs or cooking food.
A hand ax is a prehistoric stone tool with two faces that is the longest-used tool in human history.
They communicated by painting in caves to tell them what they did.
The famous shaft scene of Lascaux: a man with a bird head and a bison
30,000-year-old cave hyena painting found in the Chauvet Cave, France
Cave painting of a dun horse at Lascaux Cave in France.
Way of Life
They bulit tents out of hide and made stone tools to help them farm and hunt animals.
A sickle, is a hand-held tool designed with variously curved blades and typically used for harvesting.
Here is a image of them using a sickle to harvested wheat.
They used a a flat rock and rounded stone used for grinding flour.
Later on the made straw houses and made permitted villages.
Because of agriculture people could now farm instead of hunting and gathering. This allowed people to settle down and live in one place. This led to settlements and the development of group living.
They used Oxen to pull the plow and plant wheat.
They tamed cow and used them for farming.
They used the wool from the sheep to keep them warm in the winter.
Mesopotamia started in the Fertile Crescent.
Mesopotamia means land between two rivers.
The Sumerians built their first temple called Ziggurat.
Mesopotamia's lived in large groups called a city-state.
Where did Mesopotamia start?
The used man made dirt piles to stop the flooding they are called levees.
Also know as Sumeria Sumner.
The water help the soil become just right for the Mesopotamia's to plant crops.
What enabled Mesopotamia's to stay in one place?
The Euphrates and Tigris river brought them fish the fish were caught with woven dragnets.
How did Mesopotamia's build?
They built houses out of mud brick, which were all naturally available around the city.
The sun dried the mud bricks to make them hard enough to make buildings.
People that were in the upper class live in 2 story houses they were made out of mud bricks.
People in the lower class live near the river there houses were made out of straw and mud.
What were some Mesopotamian inventions or technologies?
The Sumerians made the first wheel was believed to exist around 3,500 BC in Mesopotamia.
In Mesopotamia, man first harnessed the ox and developed the first plow called ARD.
How did the Mesopotamia's govern themselves?
The Code of Hammurabi is a well-preserved Babylonian law code of ancient Mesopotamia, dating back to about 1754 BC
There was a king who made the law and declared war and decided how to honor the gods.
The city of Babylon was ruled by King Hammurabi.
What were some of the major events that happened during their time period?
5000 BC - The Sumner form the first towns and cities. They use irrigation to farm large areas of land.
1792 BC - Hammurabi becomes king of Babylon. He establishes the Code of Hammurabi.
1750 BC - Hammurabi dies and the First Babylonian Empire begins to fall apart.
4000 BC - The Sumner establish powerful city-states building large Ziggurats at the center of their cities as temples to their gods.
This is what Mesopotamia looks like today on a map.
The first form of writing was called cuneiform.
The Euphrates and Tigris flooded yearly and the help them grow crops.
They used sailboats for water transportation and to trade.
The Nile river is located in East Africa.
The Nile flooded yearly and it help farmers grow better crops.
The flood left behind good soil called silt.
Can you describe the importance of the Nile?
They used the Nile to trade items and for transposition.
Can you describe Egyptian Mythology?
Anubis was the god of embalming and the dead.
The Pharaoh was on top and had political power.
They thought the Pharaoh was God.
The egyptians thought they needed there things on earth in the after life.
What can you tell me about Egyptian Pyramids?
They used the pyramids for burial places.
This is what the inside of a pyramid looks like.
The Egyptians made stone bricks and stood them up and wedged them together.
The Egyptians put jewelry in there tombs because they needed it in the after life.
Describe the importance of the leader of Egypt.
The most powerful person in ancient Egypt was the pharaoh.
The pharaoh represented the gods on Earth.
This is a female pharaoh called Hatshepsut
The egyptians built elaborate tombs because they thought they needed there bodies for the after life.
How did we figure out the Egyptian Language?
The language in Egypt is Egyptian hieroglyphics.
We found hieratic on monuments.
The Rosetta Stone was found in a small village in the Delta called Rosetta Stone.
They used hieratic in every day life.
What do you know about Mummies?
They persevered the bodies because they thought they needed them in the after life.
They used canopic jars to store internal organs
The most famous tomb was KV62 that had King Tut in it.
We called the priests embalmers.
Greece on a world map.
These are Ancient Greece city-states.
It was so hard to communicate because it was covered by mountains.
Greece grew wheat, figs, olives and many other crops.
The political system was called Monarchy.
Athens developed democracy
Athens citizens had to vote for rules and laws.
Women had no say in society they were educated by there moms.
The government in Sparta was oligarchy.
At the age of 7 Spartan boys were removed from their parents' homes for training.
They made the boys steal for food to survive
King Leonidas was a military leader as well as a political one.
The Spartan soldiers wore a chest plate made of bronze and carried a spear.
The War fought between the two leading city-states in ancient Greece, Athens and Sparta.
Thucydides was an Athenian historian and general.
Trojan War, legendary conflict between the early Greeks and the people of Troy in western Anatolia.
Zeus was one of the main god.
Achilles was a hero in Greek mythology and one of the main characters that participated in the Trojan War.
Pegasus, the flying horse, was the son of Neptune, king of the ocean, and Medusa, a horrible monster with snakes for hair.
According to legend, Ancient Rome was founded by the two brothers, and demi-gods, Romulus and Remus.
Contributions of the Greeks
Euclid was known for the basic rules and terms of geometry.
The Greeks made modern medicine.
Athena and Poseidon competed for the honor of being the patron of the city. The myth describes how the gods provided gifts in order to gain the people’s favor.
Greek philosophers approached the big questions of life sometimes in a genuine scientific way but always in an creative fashion.
The ancient greeks made the water mill.
Map of the Roman Empire
Rome on a world map.
The Tiber was also a major highway for Mediterranean trade of oil, wine, and wheat.
The Romans made a form of government called the Roman Republic.
The Patricians were the wealthy Romans.
The Plebeians were the poor Romans.
The plebeians got the Law of the Twelve Tables. And were put out in public for everyone to see.
This is a map of the main participants.
This is what Julius Caesar looked like
Julius Caesar was a politically and popular leader of the Roman Republic
Crossing the Rubicon means to pass a point of no return.
Julius Caesar was assassinated
Hannibal was know for his statistics by using 37 elephants and over 100,000 men
The Romans planted slat around cartage so they could not grow crops
5 good Emperors
Trajan is remembered as a successful emperor who presided over the greatest military expansion
Nero was the last Roman emperor
Augustus was a Roman statesman and military leader who was the first Emperor of the Roman Empire
Titus became the first Roman emperor to come to the throne after his own biological father
Contribution of the Romans
The ancient Romans developed many new techniques for buildings
Rome elected officials for its government
Rome introduced Drama to literature
The decline of Rome was its size and invasions from tribes
This is a map of the medieval world
The 'Middle Ages' are called this because it is the time between the fall of Imperial Rome and the beginning of the Early modern Europe.
It was called the dark Ages because there was simple not much was know about it
Here is a timeline of the Middle Ages
Their system was called feudalism
A vassal is someone who swore there loyalty to the lord an agrees to fight when ask
A serf was someone who was force to work on a plot of land
The Divine Right was the belief that kings get their right to rule directly from God
Magna Carta means "great charter in Latin"