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The History of Narco

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Ethnic Studies

on 4 December 2012

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Transcript of The History of Narco

By:
Christina Bustamante
Jessica Sandoval
Angel Perez
Angelica Figueroa
Lizeth Murga The True Story:
Narcocorridos Brief History Tigres Del Norte were actually known to start the nortena music singing not only about struggles, as many others did, but of drug trafficking and human trafficking, which is mentioned in the article “The NarcoVirus” by Alma Guillermoprieto. They were inspired by their own life experiences crossing the border and hearing such stories of others and how they would suffer, struggle and try to get by. What I found on my topic is that The Tigres del Norte made very popular the drug trafficking music, because many enjoyed the music of real life experiences and many from the Hispanic communities would be able to relate to this music because many of them have heard of how many people smuggled to the United States,this including smuggling drugs and people. Many artists have died in the hands of the narcos.
Artists involvement with the narcocorridos can be voluntary as well as forced.
An agreement to many means a death sentence The first Narco songs known are from the Mexican Revolution(1910). Although the songs are to be considered folk songs, the songs from the Revoltion did not talk about drugs.
Today some music critics have also compared narcocorrido music to gangster rap. The new narco corridos are about corruption and bloodshed that has increased due to the drug trafficking, Drug Wars, as Alma Guillermoprieto points out, and the narco cultura that is inspirational in the video from the images of survival and weapons used in violence. This song “Las Tres Llamadas” is about a man who was kidnapped and to get out alive from the captives, all he had to do was make three calls. Calling the most powerful leaders of the drug trafficking and corruption of the Narco Organizations in Mexico, as he mentions Juaquin Guzman Loero as “El Chapo” and his successor as “el Nacho” and Ismael as “el Mayo.” The End =] Questions??
Comments?! Communities & Society Consequences: The most affected The Narcocorrido Influence Communities suffering from psychosis (loss of contact and false beliefs of reality & seeing and hearing things that aren't there) due to the degree of violence implemented by corridos.

- Beliefs that without narcocorridos one dosent exist. (Big part of culture)
Drug lord- publicity People- evidence

-The narcocorrido has become a way of life

-Some believe its a problem, others as a way to look at cultural, political, economic, and social issues since corridos are "truthful" in telling reality

-Society is an acomplice of the Narco through corridos, sense of friendship

-Form of unification and Entertainment - Afraid of being killed for having someone else CD (both seller & consumer)

-Threats, brutally beatings to people who are heard playing, or singing prohibited corridos

-People admire and at the same time live in fear of the narco corrido culture

- A society caught in the middle of a Drug War where corruption, drug lords and organized crime have more power than national officials

Chalino Sanchez, Valentín Elizalde, Carlos Ocaranza “El Loco Elizalde”, Sergio Vega, Javier Morales Gómez, Sergio Gómez, Zayda Peña, Juan Sebastian and Trigo Figueroa González (both sons of Joan Sebastian), Efrén Aquino Lavariega, Fabian Ortega Piñon, Diego Rivas, Jose Baldenegro, Jesus Quintero, La Quinta Banda (all 5 members), Jose Luis Aquiño, Jose Antonio Sepulveda, Ivan Canastillo, and Carlos Alberto Hurtado Lule, Noé Camargo Mendoza y Cristóbal Juárez Serrano (all 3 members of La Banda Fugaz) as well as César Omar Ponce Velázquez, Fidel Omar Gutiérrez Loera (who was said to be related to “El Chapo”) y César Ramírez Avila (all 3 members of Los Padrinos de la Sierra) The United States government's so-called "War on Drugs" is predicated on the idea that drug consumption and drug trafficking are unequivocally harmful and dangerous activities that the country's population will fear and reject.
Drug trafficking has become such a common activity that it has generated its own sub-cultural style, including music and folklore.
Most workers in the drug trade are not the wealthy superheroes or villains portrayed in narcocorridos. They are common people whose primary motivation for engaging in drug trafficking is economic survival.
In the El Paso/Ciudad Juarez border region, this ethnographic study shows how drug commerce has become a "normal," expectable part of everyday life.


Campbell, Howard. "Drug trafficking stories: Everyday forms of Narco-folklore on the U.S.-Mexico border." International Journal of Drug Policy 16.5 (2005): 326+. Academic OneFile. Web. 29 Nov. 2012. One of Mexico's most notorious drug kingpins, Joaquin "Shorty" Guzman, escaped a maximum security prison in 2001 by driving out in a laundry truck.

In 2009,Forbes magazine included Joaquin Guzman, a Mexican drug lord, on its annual billionaires' list.

http://www.huffingtonpost.com/2009/04/15/mexican-drug-war-10-shock_n_187361.html Believed to have been threatened days before his death. He was told not attend his presentation in Morelia, Michoacan but he did. After the presentation, he was kidnapped and found dead later with signs of torture as well and his genitals were burned with a blowtorch. More than 1,100 guns found discarded at Mexico shooting scenes or confiscated from cartel gangsters were traced to Texas gun merchants in 2007. Illustration by:Matt Taylor Was kidnapped after a presentation in Sinaloa. The vehicle he traveled in was forced off the road and he was taken. He was later found dead with two execution gun shots to the back of the head. Valentin Elizalde also known as “El Gallo de Oro” was executed in Tamaulipas after attending an event in Texas. The reason of his execution is believed to be due to one of his corridos titled “A Mis Enemigos”. There was a you tube video made of his song which implies that the song was made for “El Chapo” Guzman and was an attack to Los Zetas as well as everyone from El Cartel del Golfo. As soon as Valentin was in territory of El Cartel del Golfo, he was executed using AK-47s. WARNING: What you are about to see is graphic content please close your eyes if you are easily offended . Definition of Culture- the characteristics of a particular group of people, defined by everything from language, religion, cuisine, social habits, music and artsDefinition of narcocultura( a mixture of definitions taken by different sources)-a sub-culture based on drug trafficking. Just like any culture they have their own language, music, style, and rituals. Members of the narcocultura look up to the cartels and especially the leaders.
Narcocorridos-music that portrays the lives of the narcos and drug trafficking. They are stories sung by artists such as los Tigres del Norte, who are the most influential of all. La Narcocultura The style that members of the narcocultura use to portray themselves. There are narco clothes, narcotennis shoes, narco cars, and even narco nails. Narcos try to be as fancy as they can be, showing off what they have to the rest of the world. Narcofashion Cults within the narcocultura that people join in order to have some kind of protection. For example, narcos pray for a good death and not one like their victims. Narcocultos

Oldest and best-known. He is seen as a Robin Hood like figure. Malverde was a robber who was hanged in this Pacific Coast city in 1909. Devotees say he robbed from rich politicians and gave to the poor during the dictatorship of Porfirio Díaz.
Newest and fastest-growing cult. Santa Muerte also known as ‘Saint Death’ is an image being used among many narcotics groups throughout the U.S. and Mexico. The icon of a grinning skeletal figure has its historical roots in Mexican folklore.

Was a Mexican drug cartel and organized crime syndicate from Sinaloa, founded by the four Beltrán Leyva brothers: Marcos Arturo, Carlos, Alfredo and Héctor. They worked closely with Joaquín "El Chapo" Guzmán, the leader of the Sinaloa Cartel, during decades of smuggling. Incarcerated Mexican drug lord born in La Noria, Badiraguato, Sinaloa. Quintero was a co-founder, with Miguel Ángel Félix Gallardo, of the Guadalajara Cartel and Sonora Cartel. Today's Narocorridos PLEASE
Keep in mind that,during this video, this is happening in the other side of the border, as well as near the border, where there is many accounts of kidnappings, shootings and killings reported, as Guillermoprieto mentions. These findings from this one music video show what is actually happening in Mexico, as the issue, and shows the cause of why many from Mexico City would like to avoid these dangers and experiences by crossing the U.S.-Mexican Border of today. Artists whose deaths have been linked to narcos: Chalino Sanchez Sergio Gomez Jesus Malverde La Santa Muerte The Beltran Leyva Brothers Cartel Rafael Caro Quintero
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