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The Exegetical Process

A brief overview of the tools in Bible study
by

Brent Troyer

on 7 March 2011

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Transcript of The Exegetical Process

Biblical Exegesis Purpose: Draw the believer closer to God through intimately studying what He says to us Why? The Bible was written by 40 people
Over a time period of 1400-1800 years
In Hebrew, Aramaic, and Koine Greek
Completed almost 2000 years ago!
Exegesis: extracting objectively, in a systematic study, what a text is actually saying to its original intended readers in their language, culture, and setting BEFORE we can discover its meaning Steps 1,2,3...


4,5,6,7,8,9,10,11 We'll follow I Cor. 9:19-23 19For though I am free from all, I have made myself a servant to all, that I might win more of them. 20 To the Jews I became as a Jew, in order to win Jews. To those under the law I became as one under the law (though not being myself under the law) that I might win those under the law. 21To those outside the law I became as one outside the law (not being outside the law of God but under the law of Christ) that I might win those outside the law. 22 To the weak I became weak, that I might win the weak. I have become all things to all people, that by all means I might save some. 23I do it all for the sake of the gospel, that I may share with them in its blessings.
1. Pray

2. Read the whole book/ narrative

3. Carefully read the chapter.
Then reread it again!

4. Author? Intent?

5. Find over-arching themes. BIG picture

6. Observations of words, language, sentence structure,things that stand out! hmmmmmm..... 19For though I am free from all, I have made myself a servant to all, that I might win more of them. 20 To the Jews I became as a Jew, in order to win Jews. To those under the law I became as one under the law (though not being myself under the law) that I might win those under the law. 21To those outside the law I became as one outside the law (not being outside the law of God but under the law of Christ) that I might win those outside the law. 22 To the weak I became weak, that I might win the weak. I have become all things to all people, that by all means I might save some. 23I do it all for the sake of the gospel, that I may share with them in its blessings. who? repetitive win? author is a servant became as a Jew cause and effects condition Ask lots of questions take notes!

7. How is the passage arranged and setup?

8. Sentence structure? Sequence of thought? logic?

9. Keep it in context! Historical Context
about the time period and culture of the people it was written to Literary Context
literature genre; meaning of words. nouns, verbs, adjectives in context of surrounding passages Genre Context
literature genres i.e. comedy, drama, novel 10. Examine all parts! Compare to similar passages

11. Word studies within your text Put it all together

What does it say about God?

What does it say about the people?

What does it say to us today?
Full transcript