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Aboriginal Studies

- researching the history of aboriginal people in Canada

Andrew Dobbie

on 9 May 2013

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Transcript of Aboriginal Studies

List some things that are important to Aboriginal people:
10. A moth loved to dance around the fire, people loved to watch him dance. The moths father told him to be careful from the fire but he said no. One day he was at the fire place and, when he was diving, he was too close to the fire. So his wings got burned. Then his father took him to put medicine on his wings. But sadly, he died. All women who enjoyed watching the moth die were very sad that he had passed away. They all missed dancing with him, so everyone went to the fire place, and saw someone dancing like the moth. Moth had came back but, his wings were in flames. This story shows how aboriginals believed in spirits around them. It also shows how aboriginals compared the natural world to their beliefs and usually had a story to explain it. Tasks:
-research using various resources for answers to questions found in the success criteria list
-define all the words in the word list below
-find visual/technological (e.g., videos, pictures) support to help you understand text information you find Vocabulary Archaeology:
The scientific study of history or prehistoric people and their cultures by analysis of their artifacts, inscriptions, monuments, and other such remains, especially those that have been excavated. Artifact:
Any object made by human beings, especially with a view to subsequent use. Berginia Theory:
The belief that the First People living in the North, Central, and South America migrated from Asia over the Berginia land bridge during an Ice Age. Colonization:
To establish or form a colony Teepee:
A Native conical tent made out of hides sewn together. Tipi:
A Native tent made out of buffalo fur/hide. Used commonly by the Woodland Cree. First Nations:
People who were sometimes called Indians. The term First Nation usually refers to a band or a community. Clan:
All of the people related by kinship or marriage to a common ancestor Origin: Beginning ; where someone or something comes from Culture:
The beliefs, arts, and customs of a particular group of people. Consensus:
Agreement:no decision is taken until all members of group agree Discrimination:
Treatment or consideration of, or making a distinction in favour of or against, a person or thing based on the group, class, or category to which that person or thing belongs rather than on individual merit Ecosystem:
A community of living organisms eash one depending in someway on the others Interconnectedness:
All things being related and dependent on each other, interdependent. Treaty: an official agreement between
nations or groups. Site:
A location, an archaeological site is a location where evidence of human activity in ancient times has been found, such as: the remains of a village or burial mound. Oral tradition: knowledge passed down
from one generation to another through
speaking and listening Plateau:
A high but fairly level area found between or near mountain ranges. Plains:
Flat to rolling landform region, often at low levels. Tradition:
Customs, beliefs, and stories handed down from one generation to the next Woodland Algonquians Woodland Iroquoians History -Lived in long houses containing 5-6 families
-Long houses were rectangular with barrel-shaped roofs
-Had as much as 100 houses in one village
-The village was always chosen carefully so they could defend easily
-Also so that the enemy would be discouradged
-Lived between Lake Ontario and Lake Huron but the area is known as Huronia
-They lived in 20 large villages
-Each village was surrounded by log stocade, or wall, to protect the villagers from attacks by their enemies
-The chosen village always had to have a lot of rich soil near by for the crops and for food Food Clothing Accessories Culture Food Clothing Accessories Culture Shelter Resources Resources Shelter In 1500s, some Algonquian bands became enemies of the Iroquoian groups. Each wanted to control the fur trade with the French. -The "kwe-wuk" women were responsible for gathering wild rice, berries and maple syrup
-Sometimes, women and children planted crops such as corn, beans, and squash
-Women also did some animal trapping
-The "nini" men hunted moose, deer, beaver, porcupine, black bear, beavers, waterfowl, and caribou
-They fished in many ways:
At night, put torch at bow of canoe. Fish were attracted to light, so came closer to boat, then were speared
In winter, cut holes in ice, then fished with hooks and spears
-Each family had it's own hunting territory from 50 to 104 square kilometres -Wore deerskin tunics, women longer than men's
-Men wore breechcloths and tight leggings
-Everyone wore moccasins
-In winter, they wore long robes made of animal skins
-Also wore mittens, hoods, and fur caps
-In spring, wore sleeveless tunics and no leggings References: Title Author Algonquin Richard M. Gaines Website dictonary.refrence.com The Algonquin Natalie M. Rosinsky -Lived in different types of wigwams, wigwams are homes
-Wigwams made by placing thin tree branches or saplings in the ground in a circle. They were tied together at the top to make a dome or cone
-A hole was left at the top of the wigwam to let smoke from the fire out.
- The outside of the wigwams wer made of sewn strips of birch bark or animal hides. Each section was placed around the wigwam from the bottom upwards, and each section overlapped the others
-In winter, the floor was covered with animal skins for a warm floor. A wigwam A longhouse LEGENDS: Aboriginal Origins: A Comparison of Two Theories Migration (Beringia Land Bridge) Aboriginal Legends Page 2 to 17 Canada Revisited 6 textbook Resources: Haida creation story? Any other resources...list here please Inside of a Longhouse Houses Iroqouin Food Food Accessories - live together in groups and learn from each other
- learn things that others can do and develop from them
- if someone learns something, that person shares with the group
- culture is made up of knowledge, beliefs, attitudes,
customs, traditions, laws, and roles - live together in groups and learn from each other
- learn things that others can do and develop from them
- if someone learns something, that person shares with the group
- culture is made up of knowledge, beliefs, attitudes,
customs, traditions, laws, and roles -Culture of a group is passed from generation to generation
-Youth learned from parents and their elders Success Criteria:

-describes characteristics of pre-contact First Nation cultures across Canada, including their close relationships with the natural environment -describes key social and cultural characteristics of Algonquian and Iroquoian groups Culture Vocabulary Phyllis A. Arnold & Betty Gibbs Phyllis A. Arnold & Betty Gibbs -Culture of a group is passed from generation to generation
-Youth learned from parents and their elders - Scientists called the Land Bridge
that Aboriginals crossed Berigina
Land Bridge People believe to have travelled east and west across the Land
Bridge between Siberia and Alaska more than 20,000 years ago! -Approximately 36 000-32 000 years
ago, ice age hunting people, followed
herds of animals, traveled from
Siberia on Beringia Land Bridge into North America Theory says that people who crossed from Asia
were the first people to come to North, Central, and
South America Bridge
Ayanna Middle
khizer Legends
gurnir The hopi people had belived at the beginning of time there was just water. There was a east huruing wuhti that was deity of all hard substances, he had lived in a kiva. On the west side of the ocean lived another huruing wuhti that also lived in a kiva. After a long time, in the water, mist land started to emerge. The huruing wuhtis had contacted each other about the land. Then thay asked the sun to make a little bird. When the little bird had been brought to life the wuhtis asked him to scout the land to see if there was any form of life. When he got back he told the wuhtis there was nothing on the earth. Then the wuhtis decided to make more birds and animals and taught them how they sounded and their meaning of life.Then he made man.They first made a woman then a man and told them they had to know everything about the world. This is a story of creation of the Earth and its habitants. Editors: Brandon, Fizza, Jasdeep and Parmvir Why were first Nations people called Indians? Give an example from your research
related to First Nations History. Any pictures?
videos? -east to west
-peopple were from aisia
-water in ocean lower then today -people made by creator -people have always been here in Canada -over time people spread across the land - faith -plants, animals, and Earth were
also made by creator -people spread
throughout the
continent over
time to be Aboriginal
groups -strong beliefs Ecological/Geographic Regions Northwest Coastal Aboriginal People Research and
find the rest! After reviewing the message from
Chief Seattle, what was important to Aboriginal people? Explain why in
the circles below 1. 2. 3. 4. 5. 6. 7. 8. 9. 10. Why? 1.If we didnt have any air we wouldnt breath and than we would just die.
2.We dont have water live because we need something to drink or eat.
3. Provide , food, oxygen,
4.We need somebody to be with us that can support us
5. Its shows you whats right and what you should belevie and what everyone eles follows
6.If we dont have a house than we wont have anywhere to live
7.We need something to where and keep us warm and cold in the different seasons
8.We need a education so we can have a job Aboriginal Story Telling
~Brandon, Sneha, Harman, Fizza 1.Peoples of The Northwest Coast
2.Peoples of The Plateau
3.Peoples of The Plains
4.Peoples of The Subarctic
5.Peoples of The Woodland Algonquians
6.Peoples of The Woodlands Iroquoians
7.Peoples of The Arctic Aboriginal people used to eat
bush food like Bush potatoes,
Bush, red kanaroo and
other wild things. - round top surface helps the wigwam to be ideal to many conditions http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Marsdenia_australis By : Jaskaran Kainth and Arshdeep Chauhan

Aboriginal. Study notes from video # 1

- nature is important
- animals are important
- all nature things are in memory of our people ( ancient )
- the great eagle and all animals are brothers to them back then
- waters still make memories of people
- air shares it's spirit with everyone around them
- earth does not belong to us we belong to the earth ( earth is our mother )
- knowledge is passed on from generations
- horses are used for transportation
- all things are connected like blood connects us
- cared about surrounding and homes Questions for Evaulation How do Aboriginal people feel about the environment?
How do Aboriginal people practice their beliefs about the environment in their daily life?
What do you see? 9. they needed them for eating and hunting. List some things that are
important to you in your
life at this moment:
6. Food
10. By: Jaskaran and Arshdeep

Some Important Things to us today

1. Family
2. Religion
3. Money
4. Education
5. electronics
6. Clothing
7. Air
8. Water

Aboriginal. Study notes from video # 1

- nature is important
- animals are important
- all nature things are in memory of our people ( ancient )
- the great eagle and all animals are brothers to them back then
- waters still make memories of people
- air shares it's spirit with everyone around them
- earth does not belong to us we belong to the earth ( earth is our mother )
- knowledge is passed on from generations
- horses are used for transportation
- all things are connected like blood connects us
- cared about surrounding and homes Family is always there for you , you can depend on them you love and cherish family Religion teaches you follow the right path in life and how important it is to stay on it Money buys you almost everything you need and provides you with a better future Makes you succesful in life and teaches you how to make the best of life Keeps you warm when its cold and sheilds you from the sun when its really hot It keeps you healthy and alive Gives you life Grows food, end thirst, provides hygeine - cared about the wild life and nature Family is very
important. 😭 Jot Note Summary (pg. 50-78) I. The Wendat (Huron) A. People and Land i. Iroquoian people had related languages ii. lived near Great Lakes & St. Lawrence iii. Formed alliances for peace iv. Distinctive culture a. near rolling hills, lakes, rivers, forests v. Hunting/fishing fed whole population a. variety of animals vi. Four distinct seasons B. Economy ii. Homes iii. Agriculture iv. Clothing v. Transportation vi. Trade C. Social Life i.Psychological Needs
b.Identity ii.Communictaion
c.Spirit iii. iv. v. vi. D. Politics iii.Decision Making
a.Society was based around famillies with a clan structure
b.Were 8 clans: wolf, deer, bear, beaver, turtle, hawk, porcupine and snake ii.Council Meetings
a.Held to settle problems
b.Each clan had 3 kinds of chiefs: civil, hunting, and war chiefs E. Other Important/Interesting Information Be sure to divide this task among all students in the class! Jot note Summary a.Longhouses
b.Holds 30 people i. Technology
a. people develop techologly
b. technology includes new skill
-People made technology to change raw materials into things needed
-Wendat tanned hides to make then stronger and more flexable you have to have good knowledge and skill to do it a.Canoe
c.Snowshoe a.Men traded
c.Made profits from acting
d.Recieved tabacco, furs and games a.Fields
b.Corn, beans, squash etc... I. All materials of clothing was made
from nature
A. Deer skin was most common
i. Cleaned/tanned to be soft/strong
ii. Pieces loosely stitched with strips
of leather
B. Weather
i. Men/children wore little as possible
in warm
ii. Men wore 2 peices of leather around waist
in cold
a. Robes worn in coldest weather
C. Small beads made of shell decorate clothes family needs a. caring b. health c. social life politics extended family i.Defence, War, and Peace
a.Maintained security through military security
b.Bravery valued over men
1.Included ability to stand pain
2.Hunt, and travel
3.Fight with less food or protection
c.Lived in a village
1.With large populations
d.Supported largely
1.Women farming
e.Basic needs were taken care of
1.men had time to train as hunters and warriors, take part in raids and war parties
f.Iroquoian nations formed political alliances
1.Such as: Five Nations Confederacy and Wendat Alliance intresting facts editors ii. Interesting facts
a. named after language spoken
b) clothing
1. kids (less clothing)
2. adult ( full body clothing)
c) art
1. totem poles ( more than 60 ft long)
2. masks
3. boat designs (canoe, kayak) d. mehtab food/water Indya Ayanna spirituality a. Gurnir khizer beliefs, nature and spirits b. Zack living things are respected Harman c. raees arshdeep PARMVIR Jason ceremonies for hunting d. Sneha Gagan i.Villages Council
a.leadership & laws important Hanna Jasdeep corn is sacred gift Brandon simrin Daniel Healing jas a. wendat were powerful healers b. USE I, a, ii !! specialists at curing sickness c. knew how to use healing herbs d. healers drive away evil spirits symbols a. many symbols b. c. used to decorate objects used for ceremonies iv. Important part of lives
a. Make deals with each other
v. Prefer to live in groups
a. For safety or secrity problems
vi. leaderships and laws are important
a.governed all areas a) Simillarities Medicines/cures for sickness shelter/homes Water Air 1. 7:trees 2. Clothing 3. 4. 5.Family 6.Food 8. 9. nature/envirement 10. ?? pg 84-86 pg 86-89 Brandon
Ayanna Gagan
Jaskaran pg 90-92 pg 92-96 pg 97-101 Arshdeep
Daniel Hanna
Simrin Pg 86-88 Spring:
-Late winter was most difficult time for people
living in woods
- Travel difficult as snow became wet and melted
-Stopped to hunt, since food was short supply
- Many animals to hunt: salmon, ducks, beaver, etc.
- Sapping for syrup spring activity, syrup made into sugar Pg 92-93 Jasdeep
Parmvir -North forset people traveled on foot or on water Summer:
-Groups came together for fesivals or for group desicions
-Religious cerimonies held
-Arrangements of marriages were activites in the summer
-Summer camps made in open areas of forests near bodies of water
- Fish main source of hunt in summer http://prezi.com/zmjacko98oz1/edit/?auth_key=q11d9oa&follow=k4aty26c0p9w -In summer people either walked or traveld by canoe daniel http://prezi.com/zmjacko98oz1/edit/?auth_key=q11d9oa&follow=k4aty26c0p9w -In winter people wore snow shoes to stay on top of the snow other prezies made Pg # 84 - 86 Gurnir , Jaskaran , and Gagan People and Land :

I. Adapted to land, climate, vegetation, and animal life

a. mainly hunters for big food
i. fished and gathered food recourses
ii. hunted for moose
iii. woodland
iv. caribou
v. deer
vi. bear
vii. ducks
viii. geese
ix. rabbits

b. small amounts of food could not feed a lot of people
i. moved often to find new food
c. fished in all sorts of water recourses
i. lakes
ii. rivers
iii. streams
d. gathered plants for reasons
i. medicine
ii. food
e. in winter lived apart
i. lived in small family groups
ii. far apart from eachother
f. formed large communities for many reasons
i. for hunting
i. duck hunting
ii. fishing
ii. decisions
iii. celebrations
iv. ceremonies Daniel,Jason,Jas food and shelter food
-wandat hunted fish and farmed at woodland
- nutrients in the soil
- food supply was regular and plentiful
- fields would be created
daniel Daniel,jason, and jas post in here MATRILINEAL- The mothers were incharge of clan
PATRILINIEAL- The chiefs were male or female Garrett's Expectation Choices:

-explain why an ecosystem is limited in the number of living things (e.g., plants and animals, including humans) that it can supportor
-describe ways in which human activities and technologies alter balances and interactions in the environment (e.g., clear-cutting a forest, overusing motorized water vehicles, managing wolf-killings in Yukon)
or-describe Aboriginal perspectives on sustainability and describe ways in which they can be used in habitat and wildlife management (e.g., the partnership between the Anishinabek Nation and the Ministry of Natural Resources for managing natural resources in Ontario) Pick your favourite Garrett:
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