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English

Gandhi's Peaceful Revolution
by

Vani Guglani

on 4 April 2013

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Transcript of English

Gandhi's Peaceful Revolution How did this movement affect India and the world? Society Impact on the world The Power of Non-Violence South Africa Martin Luther King and Gandhi Sovereignty The Khadi Movement The Chauri Chaura Incident The Problem The Result The Solution Independence From 1858 to 1947, there was a period of dominion over the subcontinent of India, more commonly known as the British Rule in India. The effects of this rule were: fall in economic conditions of Indian people, commercial problems, economic problems and a lack in the growth of India and its development. Their rule resulted in poor conditions of the agriculture and farmers, exploiting Indian market for their own benefit and killing the domestic, home-made industries. Before the arrival of Mahatma Gandhi in India, there had been several outbreaks and revolts from the Indian people against the British government. None of these revolts had been especially successful, until the arrival of Mahatma Gandhi in 1915. As a result of constant non-cooperative civil-disobedience and countless protests against the British Empire, Mahatma Gandhi finally freed the country of India from British Rule on August 15, 1947, which, to this day, is celebrated as a national holiday in India. Gandhiji was a huge proponent of non-violence in order to achieve Indian independence. He inspired people to gather in huge crowds and silently protest against British rule. He urged them to fill prisons if they had to. People of India loved him and followed his guidance. On one occasion, a small incidence of violence broke out in Chauri Chaura, in which 22 policemen were killed by an angry mob of protesters. Appalled at the outrage, Gandhi went on a five-day fast as penance for what he perceived as his culpability in the bloodshed. He asked the nation to withdraw the Non-Cooperation movement until the citizens were ready to exercise restraint in the face of
attack. As a result of Gandhiji's efforts, India did achieve independence in 1947, but the Britishers used their Divide and Rule policy and managed to split the nation into India and Pakistan. Pakistan became a strictly Muslim country and forcefully and violently threw people following other religions out of their nation. On the other hand, Gandhiji built India into a sovereign, independent nation. India was and always has been respectful of all religions and its people have the freedom to follow their own religious and spiritual practices. India respects Gandhiji as their "Father of the Nation" because of these reasons. In order to bring up the domestic, home-made industries, Gandhi encouraged the Indian people to wear khadi (home-spun cloth). The Khadi Movement aimed at boycotting foreign goods and promoting Indian goods, thereby improving India's economy. Mahatma Gandhi began promoting the spinning of this cloth for rural self-employment and self-reliance instead of using cloth manufactured industrially in Britain. This caused Indian people to stop depending on the British people for their clothing. In recent years, khadi is being used by many brand-named designers in India in order to give it a modern look. Gandhi's greatest contribution to history, and the reason his was such a crucial influence on the world, was to call into question that being nonviolent means being passive. He spent virtually his entire adult life experimenting with methods of nonviolence intended to be not just morally admirable, but magnificently effective in the real world. His contention was always that standing up for oneself, struggling against injustice, prevailing over evil, living with dignity and integrity, etc. do not require the willingness to use violence. There are other ways, other strategies one can use. Gandhiji greatly influenced many leaders around the world, one of them being Martin Luther King. Gandhiji started his experiments with truth from his life in South Africa. There, he saw clear racial discrimination based on different skin colour. He raised a non-violent protest and got the British government to bring in major reforms and change their discriminatory practices. He led the Indians living in South Africa into a united and peaceful movement and demanded for voting rights for them. Mahatma Gandhi had been a prominent leader of the Indian nationalist movement in South Africa, and had been a vocal opponent of basic discrimination and abusive labour treatment. Gandhi had returned to India on January 9, 1915, and immediately entered the political fray. Gandhi's ideas and strategies of non-violent civil-disobedience against the British Empire initially appeared impractical to many people, but his visions soon inspired millions of regular civilians to seek independence and overthrow the British government. This transformed the elitist struggle to a national one. The nationalist cause was expanded to include the interest and industries that formed the economy of common Indians. Some of Gandhi's most famous non-cooperative movements were the Dandi March and the Quit India Movement. Economy Gandhiji with his spinning wheel (charkha) The End
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