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Types of Medieval Literature
Transcript of Types of Medieval Literature
usually inserted into the text
of a sermon, that illustrates a
moral principle. stories were used to enhance sermons. used by the clergy. passed down from generation to generation narrative folk songs and ballads stories told orally & sometimes sung usually about the life of the common people literature of the knights and their ladies. Courtly Romances long narrative poem including a general introduction ("The Prologue") & a series of stories told in verse by a group of pilgrims such as Chaucer's The Canterbury Tales The pilgrims were traveling to Canterbury Cathedral
to see the shrine of St. Thomas Becket, Archbishop
of Canterbury who was murdered in the cathedral in
1170 by the knights in the service of his one time best
friend King Henry II good triumphs over evil. Near perfect hero.
Gawain is the model
of the chivalric hero.
an evil enemy.
(The Green Knight
is associated with
images of evil.)
a journey in search
of something of value A test of the hero:
is tested by the Green
Knight and the queen. Supernatural Elements:
The Green Knight repeats
the challenge and rides off
with his head in his arms.
Maidens in distress
crones To make fun of something:
"Man is the only animal that blushes -- or needs to."
-Mark Twain Mockery Satire. A harsh, personally directed comment;
to use praise to mock someone.
To refer to a 98-pound weakling as a "real he-man." To say more than you mean to say; to exaggerate
"I'm so hungry that I could eat a horse!" Sarcasm Overstatement To say less than you mean to say.
"Mount Everest is not small." Understatement Imitates, yet exaggerates and distorts, the literary epic and its style
"The garbage man, tall and strong, lifted his glittering can of rubbish high,
as if it were a feather, and with the strength of Thor, hurled it into the dumpster." Parody Mockery of a specific, known person, literary work, movie, event .
General MacArthur said, "Old soldiers never die, they just fade away."
Parodies: "Old blondes never fade, they just dye away";
"Old soldiers never die, but young ones do." Irony To say one thing, yet to mean another.
In Shakespeare's play, Romeo and Juliet, when Romeo tells Mercutio that his wound is slight, Mercutio says, "No, it's not so deep as a well, nor so wide as a church door; but 'tis enough, 'twill serve." Bathos To go from the serious to the ridiculous quickly.
"I love my country, my wife, my job, and chocolate candy." Mock-Heroic Ballads. Romance. Religious. Poems. And the beginnings of satire. which was the perfect vehicle for . . . Humor coming out in 8 main forms.