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ROBERT BURNS (1759 - 1796)
Transcript of ROBERT BURNS (1759 - 1796)
About Robert Burns
one of the best-loved poets of the world
regarded as the national poet (bard) of Scotland
gave back the Scottish language ('a corrupt English dialect') the status it had before Scotland lost its independence
born in the village of Alloway, in Southwest Scotland
the eldest of seven children
spent his youth working on his father's rented farm
in spite of his poverty, he was very well read
grew in the family that loved literature: father employed a tutor, mother taught Scottish songs and ballads
At 15 Robert started writing and composed his first verse - "My Handsome Nell".
When his father died in 1784, Robert and his brother moved to another farm to provide for their family.
However, Robert was more interested in poetry than ploughman's (*artojas) work and, after a few years of hard labour, poverty and bad luck (misadventures with the ladies), he planned to escape to Jamaica and earn some money.
Robert Burns - "Ploughman Poet"
At the point of leaving the country, his first book of poetry "Poems- Chiefly in the Scottish Dialect" (a collection of poems on love), was published and received with great admiration. This, together with pride of parenthood, made him stay in Scotland. He moved around the country, read his poetry in Edinburgh aristocracy's parties, where he met various artists and writers.
Fame did not bring much fortune and he took up a job a tax collector
settled down in Dumfries and married Jean Armour
continued to write, composing songs full of joy, energy and rebellion
died at 37, leaving more than 350 pieces of poetry: ballads, satires, humourous poems, lyric verse etc.
Robert Burns the poet
sent to school by his father at the age of 6
was a smart pupil but gave up school to help his father
was taught at home by his former teacher
read poetry - Shakespeare, Milton
was inspired with books about William Wallace - one of the main leaders during the Wars of Scottish Independence