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Completely Legitimate, Accurate, and Unbiased Prezi On the Formation of Political Parties of the USA
Transcript of Completely Legitimate, Accurate, and Unbiased Prezi On the Formation of Political Parties of the USA
By: Cole Guenther, Michael Savodge, and Sam Smith
Reasons Why Political Parties Developed
Type of Government wanted (big vs small)
One of the big conflicts in the early government of the USA was deciding whether or not to have a stronger central government. The Articles of Confederation heavily supported having a small government and strong individual state rights. A famous supporter of the small government was Thomas Jefferson. He once said, "My reading of history convinces me that most bad government results from too much government."
Thomas Jefferson's followers were the Democratic-
Republicans though most people commonly referred
to them as just Republicans.
Unlike Thomas Jefferson and his supporters of a small government, Alexander Hamilton was a strong supporter of a big central government. He said once, "Unless your government is respectable, foreigners will invade your rights; and to maintain tranquility, it must be respectable - even to observe neutrality, you must have a strong government." Hamiliton's followers called themselves the Federalists as opposed to Jefferson's Republicans.
Trade also brought conflicts between the two political parties in this new country. Again the Federalists and the Republicans dissagreed on this topic as well. The Federalists were in strong favor of hamilton's idea of having a national bank to handle the nation's debt. As expected Jefferson and his Republicans were not happy with the idea of having the national bank. Jefferson claimed it was an unconstitutional act . Hamilton argued that it was because the Constitution does not say that having a national bank is unconstitutional.
Taxing and Financing
Another thing that the Federalists and the Republicans did not agree on was taxes. Thomas Jefferson was strongly against taxes as he did not want to create another English type ruling in the new country. Alexander Hamilton however was for it and saw that it was a way to generate income for the new country.
Thomas Jefferson wrote a letter about Hamilton's taxing,
"The excise tax is an infernal (hellish) one... (the public's) detestation (hatred) of the excise tax is universal, and has now associated to it a detestation of the government..."
Alexander Hamilton saw that the way of the country would not always be dictated by farming. he knew that sooner or later the country would become industrialized and have the power in the North instead of the agrigarious regions in the South. This added to more conflicts in the government and eventually lead to the civil war. Thomas Jefferson however believed that the country would remain
agriculturely based and did not
see it becoming extremely