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Annaliese Levy

on 29 April 2013

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By: Annaliese Levy & India Bennie History of Monkeypox Symptoms of Monkeypox
How Monkeypox is diagnosed How does one contract
Monkeypox? Prognosis Treatment/Cure Humans first noticed Monkeypox in 1958 when lab monkeys fell ill with the disease. Scientists later discovered the virus in several other animals in Africa, including African rodents, some primate species, hares and rabbits. The African rodent is considered to be the natural host of the virus.
Monkeypox was limited to rain forests in African countries. The disease made its way to the United States in 2003 when residents became infected after contact with sick prairie dogs. As a result, the federal government restricted importation of prairie dogs and other animals that carried the disease. The signs and symptoms of Monkeypox are similar to Smallpox, but usually milder. Unlike Smallpox, Monkeypox causes swollen lymph nodes. The incubation period for Monkeypox is about 12 days. The illness begins with fever, headache, muscle aches, backache, and exhaustion. To be diagnosed with Monkeypox you may take a blood test, an electron microscopy, a skin biopsy, or a throat swab. Humans are often infected by a bite from an
infected animal. It may also spread to humans
by just being around infected animals that are
kept as pets. Living with or caring for people
infected with Monkeypox may also increase
your chance of getting Monkeypox. The incubation period for a patient with
Monkeypox is about 12 days. In rural, central
and west Africa, Monkeypox is more fatal
than it is in the United States. Monkeypox is contagious. It can be spread through sick animals or humans. There are no lingering effects of Monkeypox. Monkeypox Disease Currently there is no cure for Monkeypox.
90-99% of infected people will recover from
the disease once their immune system clears
the virus. 1-10% of people will die from the
disease if infected with the more dangerous
type of Monkeypox. Monkeypox is closely
related to Smallpox. Therefore, it is assumed
that the Smallpox vaccine will protect from Monkeypox as well.

Monkeypox can be prevented by avoiding eating or touching animals known to acquire the virus in the wild (mainly African rodents and monkeys). It can also be transferred from person-to-person contact. Patients who have the disease should isolate themselves until all of the pox lesions have healed (lost their crusts), and people who are caring for these patients should use gloves and face masks to avoid any direct contact. Caregivers should also get a smallpox vaccination.
There is no treatment or vaccine available although smallpox vaccination has proven to be 85% effective in preventing Monkeypox. How can the disease be prevented?
Vaccines/antibiotics Cure Currently, there is no cure for monkey pox and
there may never be a cure since Monkeypox
is not a well-known or serious disease. Facts *Monkeypox is similar to Smallpox. However, smallpox no longer occurs but Monkeypox still occurs in parts of Africa.

*Monkeypox is a member of the Orthopoxvirus
genus in the family Poxviridae. Citations http://www.who.int/mediacentre/factsheets/fs161/en/


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