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Transcript of COLLECTIVE BEHAVIOR
TYPES OF COLLECTIVE BEHAVIOR
TYPES OF CROWD
It is made up of a number of disparate individuals, each responding independently to the same stimulus.
The public is faced with an issue on which they have the right to agree of disagree.
The spectators or audience are usually passive and controlled by certain cultural rules.
This explanation is premised on the idea that human behavior is determined by forces within the individual.
Emergent Norm Perspective
It states that the collective behavior is not characterized by unanimity but by differences in expressions and emotions.
Smelser's Value Added Approach
Which means that there exist certain social conditions for collective behavior to be possible, such as the existence of factories or other places of work where conflicts may arise between employers and employees or among ethnic groups who live together in the same are.
Which is brought about by a gap between expectations and reality, resulting in conflict or problems.
Which is brought about by the inability of participants to define and analyze the problem.
In the form of dramatic events. which may trigger collective response.
Mobilization of participants to join the action after the precipitation.
The ineffectiveness of the means of Social control.
A crowd is said to be a transitory group of persons in an ambiguous and, to some degree, unstructured situation where participants do not have a clear and pre-existing knowledge of how to behave, but feel that something an be done.
THE CASUAL CROWD
Is a spontaneous, loosely organized and very momentary type of grouping whose members come and go.
Is a characterized by established regular ways of behaving, depending upon the time and place of performance and order of activities.
THE ACTING CROWD
Is the type most observed by sociologists. This is an active, volatile group of excited person whose attention is focused on a controversial or provocative issue which arouses action, if not indignation.
Are situation in which people are largely affected by fear, such as stampedes.
THE EXPRESSIVE CROWD
Is characterized by rhythmic activity, intense emotional contagion, and emotional release.
Rumors & Gossip
Rumor, is unverified of unsubstantial information about events or people which become revised, distorted, condensed or expanded as it transferred from one person to another.
Gossip, it is also informal and idle talk but centers on personal affairs of others.
Fashions, Fads, and Crazes
They meet a person's need for excitement, novelty, self-expression, self-esteem, or social status.
This behavior is displayed during times of disaster.
The product of collective discussion for decision-making is public opinion, which is the result of interaction vis-a-vis an issue.
Is a channel for disseminating information to the public.
The radio is powerful medium because it reaches a wide audience.
Uses both sight and sound in conveying ideas to people.
Primarily for entertainment, but can also be informative and instructional.
When collective behavior persists and develops a considerable degree of organization, it becomes a social movement.
TYPES OF SOCIAL MOVEMENTS
A form of dissent against the existing power structures.
RESISTANCE AND PROTEST MOVEMENTS
Brought about by structural strain; it aims to change existing social values and institutions which members consider decadent.
Are directed at changing certain aspects of the social class structure or a segment of the power relations in a social system.
REBELLION & REVOLUTIONARY MOVEMENTS
Aim to change the whole social order and replace the leadership.
NON-VIOLENT AND PEACEFUL REVOLUTIONS
A notable and unique type of revolution, different from the armed revolutions.