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COLLECTIVE BEHAVIOR

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paula sigua

on 25 March 2015

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Transcript of COLLECTIVE BEHAVIOR

Explanations and Theoretical formulations about Collective behavior
TYPES OF COLLECTIVE BEHAVIOR
The Crowd
TYPES OF CROWD
The Mass
It is made up of a number of disparate individuals, each responding independently to the same stimulus.
The Public
The public is faced with an issue on which they have the right to agree of disagree.
The spectators or audience are usually passive and controlled by certain cultural rules.
COLLECTIVE BEHAVIOR
Convergence Perspective
This explanation is premised on the idea that human behavior is determined by forces within the individual.
Emergent Norm Perspective
It states that the collective behavior is not characterized by unanimity but by differences in expressions and emotions.
Smelser's Value Added Approach
Structural conduciveness
Which means that there exist certain social conditions for collective behavior to be possible, such as the existence of factories or other places of work where conflicts may arise between employers and employees or among ethnic groups who live together in the same are.
Structural strain
Which is brought about by a gap between expectations and reality, resulting in conflict or problems.
Generalized belief
Which is brought about by the inability of participants to define and analyze the problem.
Precipitating factors
In the form of dramatic events. which may trigger collective response.
Mobilization of participants to join the action after the precipitation.
The ineffectiveness of the means of Social control.
A crowd is said to be a transitory group of persons in an ambiguous and, to some degree, unstructured situation where participants do not have a clear and pre-existing knowledge of how to behave, but feel that something an be done.
THE CASUAL CROWD
Is a spontaneous, loosely organized and very momentary type of grouping whose members come and go.
CONVENTIONALIZED CROWD
Is a characterized by established regular ways of behaving, depending upon the time and place of performance and order of activities.
THE ACTING CROWD
Is the type most observed by sociologists. This is an active, volatile group of excited person whose attention is focused on a controversial or provocative issue which arouses action, if not indignation.
PANICS
Are situation in which people are largely affected by fear, such as stampedes.
THE EXPRESSIVE CROWD
Is characterized by rhythmic activity, intense emotional contagion, and emotional release.
The Audience
Rumors & Gossip
Rumor, is unverified of unsubstantial information about events or people which become revised, distorted, condensed or expanded as it transferred from one person to another.
Gossip, it is also informal and idle talk but centers on personal affairs of others.
Fashions, Fads, and Crazes
They meet a person's need for excitement, novelty, self-expression, self-esteem, or social status.
DISASTER BEHAVIOR
This behavior is displayed during times of disaster.
PUBLIC OPINION
The product of collective discussion for decision-making is public opinion, which is the result of interaction vis-a-vis an issue.
MASS COMMUNICATION
NEWSPAPER
Is a channel for disseminating information to the public.
RADIO
The radio is powerful medium because it reaches a wide audience.
TELEVISION
Uses both sight and sound in conveying ideas to people.
MOTION PICTURES
Primarily for entertainment, but can also be informative and instructional.
SOCIAL MOVEMENTS
When collective behavior persists and develops a considerable degree of organization, it becomes a social movement.
TYPES OF SOCIAL MOVEMENTS
EXPRESSIVE MOVEMENT
A form of dissent against the existing power structures.
RESISTANCE AND PROTEST MOVEMENTS
Brought about by structural strain; it aims to change existing social values and institutions which members consider decadent.
REFORM MOVEMENTS
Are directed at changing certain aspects of the social class structure or a segment of the power relations in a social system.
REBELLION & REVOLUTIONARY MOVEMENTS
Aim to change the whole social order and replace the leadership.
NON-VIOLENT AND PEACEFUL REVOLUTIONS
A notable and unique type of revolution, different from the armed revolutions.
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