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revising labov

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Karen Griffiths

on 14 May 2013

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Transcript of revising labov

You're gonna
luuuurve
LABOV!
Coined a term called SOCIOLINGUISTICS LABOV -1972
(a particularly good year!!) HE WENT ON FROM STUDYING SOCIOLECT AND MOVED ON TO NARRATIVE a story or account of events,
experiences, or the like,
whether true or fictitious. NARRATIVE NEED REVISION?

TRY ONE OF THESE The study of language in relation to
social factors, differences of region, class,
and occupational dialect. What do you understand by the term NARRATIVE? What's that got to do with
LABOV? NOW IN GROUPS What could you say about reflections of gender within the text?

HINT:
look at the ordering of names
Look at the actions of the genders Consider also however, the contextual information of the text Labov does not claim that this is a rigid structure.


Narratives may not necessarily contain all of these elements


The order of the events may not always be in the same order
(the evaluation may come at any point – within the story = INTERNAL EVALUATION – after the story has been told = EXTERNAL EVALUATION). RIGIDITY OF STRUCTURE NARRATIVE QUESTION
So what finally happened?

NARRATIVE FUNCTION
The ending of the story – the resolution that we have all been waiting to hear.

LINGUISTIC FORM
The last of the narrative clauses. RESULT/RESOLUTION NARRATIVE QUESTION
Then what happened?

NARRATIVE FUNCTION
The story itself –a series of narrative clauses

LINGUISTIC FORM
Generally speaking a series of temporally ordered clauses in the past or present tense. NARRATIVE/COMPLICATING ACTION NARRATIVE QUESTION
So what?

NARRATIVE FUNCTION
Indicates the point of the story or why it is worth telling. (Grice’s Maxim of relevance?)

LINGUISTIC FORM
An evaluative commentary that can fall at any point in the story. (e.g this bit is really funny...) EVALUATION - this can come at any point NARRATIVE QUESTION
Who or what are involved in the story and where did it take place?

NARRATIVE FUNCTION
Helps the reader/listener identify time, place, persons, activity and situation of the story.

LINGUISTIC FORM
Characterised by past continuous verbs, adjuncts of time, manner and place. ORIENTATION: Identifies setting, character and context According to Labov, narrative can be defined as a unit of discourse with clear boundaries, linear structure and recognisable stages in its development.




ABSTRACT
ORIENTATION
EVALUATION
NARRATIVE/COMPLICATING ACTION
RESULT
CODA Stages of Narrative Jack and Jill went up the hill – orientation and initial narrative clause
to fetch a pail of water; evaluative clause
Jack fell down and broke his crown,
and Jill came tumbling after. Narrative clauses

Up Jack got, and home did trot,
as fast as he could caper,
Jill put him to bed and plastered his head
with vinegar and brown paper Resolution. Look at the first verse. Jack and Jill went up the hill
to fetch a pail of water;
Jack fell down and broke his crown,
and Jill came tumbling after.

Up Jack got, and home did trot,
as fast as he could caper,
Jill put him to bed and plastered his head
with vinegar and brown paper. A STORY!
CAN YOU APPLY THE STRUCTURE?(first verse) More recent linguists ( eg COATES) have asserted that narrative is fundamental in establishing identity.

The stories we tell define us and how we present ourselves in society.

EGGINS AND SLADE discuss the gender implications of story telling. BEYOND LABOV NARRATIVE QUESTION
How does it all end?

NARRATIVE FUNCTION
Signals the end of the narrative, often bridges the gap between the narrative and the present time – brings the reader back to the point at which they entered the story

LINGUISTIC FORM
Often a generalised “timeless” feel to the statement. CODA NARRATIVE QUESTION :
What is the story about?

NARRATIVE FUNCTION:
Signals that the story is about to begin and draws attention away from the listener

LINGUISTIC FORM:
A short summarising statement, provided before the narrative commences. ABSTRACT: summarises the events to come TASK 1 LABOV WHAT DID HE HAVE TO SAY? ADJUNCTS: (modifying word, form or phrase) structurally dispensable but useful.

Eg. Yesterday, Lorna saw the dog in the garden




Adjunct of time Adjunct of place


Structurally crucial clause What is an ADJUNCT???? PAST CONTINUOUS: The past continuous tense (also called the past progressive tense) is commonly used in English for actions which were going on (had not finished) at a particular time in the past.

Continuous past interruption in the action




E.g. I was doing my homework when the phone rang. PAST CONTINUOUS???? To do with time Can you think of an example of an ABSTRACT?

LET ME TELL YOU ABOUT THE FUNNIEST THING... Can you think of an orientation? An Englishman, a Welshman and an Irishman were at the fair and about to go on the helter-skelter when an old witch steps in front of them 'This is a magic ride,' she says. 'You will land in whatever you shout out on the way down.'

'I'm game for this,' says Dai, the Welshman, and slides down the helter-skelter shouting 'GOLD!' at the top of his voice. Sure enough, when he hit the bottom he found himself surrounded by thousands of pounds worth of gold coins.

William, the Englishman, goes next and shouts 'SILVER!' at the top of his voice. At the bottom he lands in more silver coinage than he can carry. Patrick, the Irishman, goes last and, launching himself from the top of the slide shouts 'WEEEEEEE!' Look at the copied extracts from the play.

Can you identify Labov? HAS THIS HELPED?
Full transcript