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Chloe Freed

on 3 November 2014

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Transcript of FASHION DURING WW1

'The changing fashion over the four years of war is arguably one of the most significant reflectors of the changes happening in women's lives.
-Lucy Adlington

Wars Impact on Fashion's Transformation
Women's Fashion During WWI
Men's Fashion During WWI
1914 was the year that women's clothing began to change in both Europe and America. The Edwardian style of rigid and tailored lines began to fade. As men went into the war, women began to occupy new jobs and take on new responsibilities. The factories needed help, and women were the first to step up. But, could you work in a warm factory in a long skirt and so many layers? Or when the farm needed someone to run the plow through it, would you want to drag your train along the soil? No woman wanted to go through that hassle, and designers realized this. As the ways of the new modern Western society women changed, so did the fashion that belonged to it.
As men began to go into the war, their attire too changed like women's. However, this change was not as drastic as the change that occurred to women's fashion. Since men were more concerned with fighting the war, the need for accessories that were once important, became no longer needed, because they had no time to wear them. Along with this, fancy suits were replaced with trench coats. The trench coat became a staple piece of clothing for both men and women, allowing them to stay warm with out a bunch of layers. It also became an essential part in military uniforms.
April 15, 1917
By: Chloe Freed
Men and Women During WW 1
Before World War 1, women's fashion was based around flattering the body. Corsets, long skirts and dresses, and layering were just a few of the components of the clothing during the year 1900. For men, their fashion included accessories, fashionable suits, and jackets.
As the beginning of the war came around (1914), fashion began to change along with it. The war was the talk of the town, bringing inspiration to designers along with innovative ideas that would come from the new jobs occupied by women and men.
Fashion Before World War 1
Once the war had started, and fashion began to change, the Edwardian style was no longer a trend. War had a major impact on fashion and the fashion trends that began to emerge. When the war first started, colors were more subtle, however when it intensified, the colors began getting more darker and more subtle.
Not only did fashion change because the people of society began to do new jobs and because of its severity, it was also because material became increasingly expensive, especially wool, a much needed material. Due to this, women learned how to reuse old clothing items and men and women reduced his or her layers.
Before the war, there was a style that was currently going on, and that was the Edwardian style. This style brought forward the curves of a woman's hips with long trains and an abundance of layers. The sleeves went from a tight, fitting shape along the upper arm, and towards the elbows, the sleeve would flare out. New corsets reshaped a woman's figure, pushing her chest out and shoulders back.
For men, the Edwardian style brought out very little change in men's traditional clothing. This era established a new cut of pants, silk hats, and an abundance of different accessories. Long, layered coats and suits were also a part of the Edwardian man.
One change to women's clothing was the length of the skirts. Because women began working in factories and on farms, a long skirt was not a manageable item. Skirts began to get shorter and more comfortable, along with corsets becoming looser and not used as much. Not only did women wear shorter skirts, they began to wear pants. Wearing neatly tailored pants was a huge stepping stone for women of this time because it showed their break through as important figures in society.
Along with this, jackets too became looser and layers began to lessen. Due to the high costs of material, women got crafty and recycled old clothing.
Before the war, men wore long, knee length coats. Once the war began leaving its mark on fashion, men's jackets became shorter. Along with this, top hats were being replaced with flat caps and bowlers. Following the rapid changing trends, it also became more common for men to have shorter hair and properly "groomed" facial hair. Although men's fashion was not transformed like women's, it still underwent changes outside of its traditional ways.
Many of women's clothes were inspired by military uniforms.
A picture from an ad showing off men and women interacting in their new clothing choices.
1918, the end of the war outfits for women, showing off the newer, more relaxed clothing that has come into focus.
Men in their shorter suit jackets and bowler hats, which replaced top hats.
The Burberry trench coat, which is from the same Burberry that is known today. The name was once Burberrys, however it was changed to just Burberry in 1999.
Work Cited
~~ "11 Fashion Trends of World War I." Mental Floss. Felix Denis, n.d. Web. 02 Nov. 2014.
~~ "Fashion In The Edwardian Era: Part I - The Ladies Treasury of Costume and Fashion." Fashion In The Edwardian Era: Part I - The Ladies Treasury of Costume and Fashion. Ladies Treasury 2003, n.d. Web. 02 Nov. 2014.
~~ Holland, Evangeline. "Dressing the Edwardian Man." Edwardian Promenade. Edwardian Promenade, 12 Apr. 2008. Web. 02 Nov. 2014.
~~ Munoz, Ignacio R. "Men's Fashion." Fashion during World War 1. Weebly, n.d. Web. 02 Nov. 2014.
~~"Women's Fashion During WWI and WW2 (Fall 2012) - Historpedia."Women's Fashion During WWI and WW2 (Fall 2012) - Historpedia. Google Sites, 2012. Web. 24 Oct. 2014.
~~ "What Clothes Did People Wear?" BBC News. BBC, 27 Jan. 2014. Web. 02 Nov. 2014.
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