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Greek Gods vs. Roman Gods
Transcript of Greek Gods vs. Roman Gods
Ares vs. Mars
Poseidon vs. Neptune
Hades vs. Pluto
Athena vs. Minerva
These two are goddesses, patronesses of wisdom and crafts.
They were the gods of death and the underworld.
These two were gods of the sea and water.
These two are pretty well known gods, the gods of war.
These were the kings of the gods, and they controlled the sky.
As you may have guessed, this Prezi is comparing some of the Greek gods to to their Roman counterparts. This slide highlights the origin of both.
Greek Gods v.s. Roman Gods
Both Zeus and Jupiter are the kings of the gods, and reign over the sky. They can both be seen with lightning bolts and are both of significant political influence. In fact, these are as similar as the gods get!
Hades ruled the underworld in addition to being the god of death, while Pluto was only the lord of the netherworld. Pluto was fair and just, but Hades sought only to increase the number of his subjects. Souls in the Greek underworld would likely be there forever, but if you were Roman, you would eventually be reborn on Earth.
A Godly Comparison
It is apparent that around 1200 B.C.E., the residents of an area around present-day Greece and Asia Minor shared a belief in a group of deities we call The Olympians. What we know comes from ancient texts that we call Greek Myths. They are mostly from around 500 B.C.E. The stories behind the myths are from a much earlier time but written versions don’t exist before then.
Roman gods arose in the ancient village of Rome as faceless and formless deities supporting farmers in their work with the land. The Romans did not care much about the personality of the gods, but each one had a specific function. As the Roman empire expanded and they came across the Greeks and other civilizations, they started to adopt foreign gods and customs.
While the older Greek deities were more original, the Roman religion and gods were highly influenced by outside culture. This not only included the Greeks, but many others as well. Some elements were taken almost directly from their parent religion!
Zeus overthrew the titan Cronos to become the ruler of the gods. He drew lots with Hades and Poseidon and became the god of the sky. This includes heaven and all aerial phenomena. He is depicted as wielding a lightning bolt.
Jupiter was the chief deity of ancient Roman myths. His sacred symbol is an eagle. He is divine witness to oaths, which are the foundation of justice and a good government. Jupiter can also be known as Jove.
Unlike his Greek cousin, Mars was worshiped highly by the Roman people. He too carried a spear covered in blood, but he would give mercy to those he felt worthy.
Ares was the Greek God of war. He was depicted as a ruthless killer, who carried a bloodied spear (and he used it, too!). Ares was feared by the Greek people, who knew what horrors war was capable of.
Ares, the Greek god of war, was a cold-blooded killer, one who took part in war for the pleasure of it. His people feared him. However, the Romans worshiped their God and viewed him as one who let live the worthy and slayed only those who were not.
Poseidon's main domain is the ocean. He is also referred to as "Earth-Shaker", because he was believed to have a role in creating earthquakes. His symbol was the trident. Poseidon was the protector of many Greek cities, but he lost Athens to Athena. Poseidon was involved in the process of taming horses.
Before he was god of the sea, Neptune was probably associated with fresh water springs, rivers, and lakes. He was a patron of horse racing. His appearance consisted of deep blue eyes and streaming green hair. He had quite a temper, and lots of energy.
While Neptune and Poseidon were similar, they were not quite the same. Both were related to horses and horse racing, but Poseidon also controlled earthquakes and Neptune influenced fresh water.
Unlike Hades, Pluto was not the god of the dead. He ruled the underworld. He was a just ruler, and had nice places for people who had been nice while they lived. He also had other places that were not so nice that were set aside for people who had not been good people during their time on the Earth.
After drawing lots with Zeus and Poseidon, he was given the realm of the underworld, where he rules over the dead. He is wealthy, due to all the precious metals mined deep in the Earth. His greed also makes him want to increase the number of his subjects, so people rarely ever leave, and killers are seen favorably.
In Greek mythology, Athena is the goddess of wisdom, civilization, law and justice, defensive warfare, mathematics, strategy, the arts, crafts, and skill. She must have been very talented! She is usually portrayed as the companion of heroes. Athena is the patroness of Athens.
Minerva is a bit less complex, symbolizing wisdom, handicrafts, strategy, and the arts. While she was worshiped throughout Italy, only in Rome itself did she take on a more warlike stance. There Minerva usually appeared in a coat of mail and wearing a helmet, while carrying a spear.
Athena symbolized the arts, crafts, war, strategy, math, civilization, law and justice, wisdom, and intelligence. Minerva only stood for wisdom, crafts, strategy, and the arts. Both are represented by an owl, further tying them to wisdom and knowledge.
The works cited can be found here:
Thank you for watching!