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OSHA 10 Hour - Rhode Safety Institute

OSHA 10 for Construction Industry - By Jared Palmer
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Jared Palmer

on 19 November 2013

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Transcript of OSHA 10 Hour - Rhode Safety Institute

Brought to you by The:
OSHA 10 Hour Course
For The Construction Industry
Created By:
Jared Palmer
Safety First
Day 1
OSHA 10 Course Outline
Intro To OSHA (2 Hours)
OSHA Focus 4 (4+ Hours)
Falls
Caught In / Between
Struck By
Electrocution
PPE & Lifesaving Equip. (30 Min)
Health Hazards (30 Min)
Day 2
Electives (3 Hours)
Cranes
Ladders
Hand / Power Tools
Material Handling or Scaffolds
Today
Tomorrow
Introduction to OSHA
This Powerpoint is Provided by OSHA and cannot be modified. Please Enjoy!
36
10
You have the right to:
A safe and healthful workplace
Know about hazardous chemicals
Information about injuries and illnesses in your workplace
Complain or request hazard correction from employer
Training
Hazard exposure and medical records
File a complaint with OSHA
Participate in an OSHA inspection
Be free from retaliation for exercising safety and health rights
Topic 2:
What Rights Do You Have Under OSHA?
7
OSHA Coverage Activity
Topic 1:
Why is OSHA Important to You?
3
OSHA began because, until 1970, there were no national laws for safety and health hazards.
On average, 15 workers die every day from job injuries
Over 5,600 Americans die from workplace injuries annually
Over 4 million non-fatal workplace injuries and illnesses are reported
Thank You!
42
Download the OSHA-7 form from OSHA’s website
File the complaint online
Workers can file a complaint
A worker representative can file a complaint
Telephone or visit local regional or area offices to discuss your concerns
Complete the form – be specific and include appropriate details
OSHA determines if an inspection is necessary
Workers do not have to reveal their name
40
OSHA website: http://www.osha.gov and OSHA offices (you can call or write)
Compliance Assistance Specialists in the area offices
National Institute for Occupational Safety and Health (NIOSH) – OSHA’s sister agency
OSHA Training Institute Education Centers
Doctors, nurses, other health care providers
Public libraries
Other local, community-based resources
39
Employer or supervisor, co-workers and union representatives
Material Safety Data Sheet (MSDS) for information on chemicals
Labels and warning signs
Employee orientation manuals or other training materials
Work tasks and procedures instruction
38
Sources within the workplace/worksite
Sources outside the workplace/worksite
How to file an OSHA complaint
35
34
The OSH Act authorizes OSHA compliance safety and health officers (CSHOs) to conduct workplace inspections at reasonable times.
OSHA conducts inspections without advance notice, except in rare circumstances (e.g. Imminent Danger)
In fact, anyone who tells an employer about an OSHA inspection in advance can receive fines and a jail term.
28
OSHA standards fall into four categories: General Industry, Construction, Maritime, and Agriculture.
OSHA issues standards for a wide variety of workplace hazards
Where there are no specific OSHA standards, employers must comply with The General Duty Clause, Section 5(a)(1)
Topic 4:
What do the OSHA Standards Say?
26
PROVIDE AND PAY FOR PPE
Handout #7: Employers Must
Provide and Pay for PPE

Does anyone wear personal protective equipment on their job?
Employers are required to determine if PPE should be used to protect their workers.
Rule was effective on February 13, 2008 and implemented by May 15, 2008.
Employers are Required to:
24
KEEP RECORDS OF INJURIES AND ILLNESSES
Employers are Required to:
23
Provide a workplace free from recognized hazards and comply with OSHA standards
Provide training required by OSHA standards
Keep records of injuries and illnesses
Provide medical exams when required by OSHA standards and provide workers access to their exposure and medical records
Not discriminate against workers who exercise their rights under the Act (Section 11(c))
Post OSHA citations and abatement verification notices
Provide and pay for PPE
22
What does an MSDS tell you?

What are some worker rights related to injury and illness reporting?

Name some standards or hazards where workers must be trained.
Your Right to…
21
Workers have the right to be free from retaliation for exercising safety and health rights.
Workers have a right to seek safety and health on the job without fear of punishment.
This right is spelled out in Section 11(c) of the OSH Act.
Workers have 30 days to contact OSHA if they feel they have been punished for exercising their safety and health rights.
Your Right to…
19
Workers may file a complaint with OSHA if they believe a violation of a safety or health standard, or an imminent danger situation, exists in the workplace.
Workers may request that their name not be revealed to the employer.
If a worker files a complaint, they have the right to find out OSHA’s action on the complaint and request a review if an inspection is not made.
Some required training covers topics such as, lockout-tagout, bloodborne pathogens, noise, confined spaces, fall hazards in construction, personal protective equipment, along with a variety of other subjects.
Your Right to…
17
Workers have a right to get training from employers on a variety of health and safety hazards and standards that employers must follow.
Your Right to…
16
Workers may bring up safety and health concerns in the workplace to their employers without fear of discharge or discrimination, as long as the complaint is made in good faith.
OSHA regulations [29CFR 1977.9(c)] protect workers who complain to their employer about unsafe or unhealthful conditions in the workplace.
11
Handout #2:
OSHA Poster

Have you seen this poster at your place of work?
Creation of OSHA provided workers the right to a safe and healthful workplace
Worker Rights
9
Why was OSHA necessary?

What is OSHA’s mission?

Why is this training important?
8
The mission of OSHA is to save lives, prevent injuries and protect the health of America’s workers.
Some of the things OSHA does to carry out its mission are:
developing job safety and health standards and enforcing them through worksite inspections,
maintaining a reporting and recordkeeping system to keep track of job-related injuries and illnesses, and
providing training programs to increase knowledge about occupational safety and health.
OSHA’s Mission
4
When, during your work experience, did you first hear about OSHA?

What did you think about OSHA then?

What do you think OSHA’s job is?
Discussion Questions
2
Purpose:
To provide workers with introductory information about OSHA
Topics:
Why is OSHA important to you?
What rights do you have under OSHA?
What responsibilities does your employer have under OSHA?
What do the OSHA standards say?
How are OSHA inspections conducted?
Where can you go for help?
Lesson Overview
Directorate of Training and Education
OSHA Training Institute
2-hour Lesson
Introduction to
OSHA
46
What are some resources inside the workplace that will help you find information on safety and health issues?

What are some resources outside the workplace that will help you find information on safety and health issues?
45
Handout #12c:
Maritime
Each group reviews the handout and discusses the industry-specific scenario
Groups need to determine what information would be important to include in their complaint
Have the class discuss the group’s results:
What was included in the complaint?
What was added to the complaint?
41
Handout #11: Identifying
Safety and Health Problems
in the Workplace

Review handout to become more aware of workplace hazards
Discuss if anyone has discovered safety and/or health problems in the workplace/site
33
What are the OSHA Construction standards also called?

What are the General Industry standards also called?

What are 29 CFR Parts 1915, 1917 and 1918 referred to as?
31
Handout #8b:
Construction

What is the Subpart for Fall Protection?
What is the Subpart for Fire Protection and Prevention?
What topic does 1926, Subpart K cover?
27
What are some of the responsibilities employers have related to OSHA recordkeeping?
Which section of the OSH Act prohibits employers from discriminating against workers for exercising their safety and health rights?
What are some types of PPE that employers must pay for?
Your Right to…
20
Employee representative can accompany OSHA inspector
Workers can talk to the inspector privately.
Workers may point out hazards, describe injuries, illnesses or near misses that resulted from those hazards and describe any concern you have about a safety or health issue.
Workers can find out about inspection results, abatement measures and may object to dates set for violation to be corrected.
Your Right to…
18
1910.1020: right to examine & copy records
Examples of toxic substances and harmful physical agents are:
Metals and dusts, such as, lead, cadmium, and silica.
Biological agents, such as bacteria, viruses, and fungi.
Physical stress, such as noise, heat, cold, vibration, repetitive motion, and ionizing and non-ionizing radiation.
14
Handout #3:
MSDS Example

What information does the MSDS provide?
Has anyone seen an MSDS in their workplace?
Were the instructions on the MSDS followed in their workplace?
Has anyone worked with hazardous substances without an MSDS?
Section 5(a)(1) of the OSH Act states: “Each employer shall furnish to each of his employees employment and a place of employment which are free from recognized hazards that are causing or are likely to cause death or serious physical harm to his employees."
Your Right to…
12
The creation of OSHA provided workers the right to a safe and healthful workplace.
44
Handout #12b:
Construction
Each group reviews the handout and discusses the industry-specific scenario
Groups need to determine what information would be important to include in their complaint
Have the class discuss the group’s results:
What was included in the complaint?
What was added to the complaint?
43
Handout #12a:
General Industry
Each group reviews the handout and discusses the industry-specific scenario
Groups need to determine what information would be important to include in their complaint
Have the class discuss the group’s results:
What was included in the complaint?
What was added to the complaint?
37
Give an example of a reason why OSHA would conduct an inspection at your workplace.

What are the types of OSHA violations?
Most Frequently Cited Standards
29
Click: Most Frequently Cited (MFC) Standards to view current data
To search MFC data on this webpage:
“Select number of employees in establishment,” select ALL or one of the options listed
“Federal or State Jurisdiction,” select Federal or, from the dropdown menu, a specific state
“SIC,” select ALL for all Industry groups, C for Construction, D for Manufacturing (General Industry), or 373 and 449 for Maritime
Shown are search results for: All sizes of establishments, in Federal jurisdiction, with Construction SIC codes
25
Handout #6:
OSHA 300 Log

Number of workers that are getting injured or ill
The types of injuries and illnesses reported
The jobs and departments where the most severe injuries or illnesses are occurring
Workers have the right to review the current log, as well as the logs stored for the past 5 years.
Workers also have the right to view the annually posted summary of the injuries and illnesses (OSHA 300A).
Your Right to…
15
OSHA’s Recordkeeping rule requires most employers with more than 10 workers to keep a log of injuries and illnesses.
Container labeling,
Material Safety Data Sheets (MSDSs), and
Worker training. The training must include the physical and health hazards of the chemicals and how workers can protect themselves; including specific procedures the employer has implemented to protect workers, such as work practices, emergency procedures, and personal protective equipment.
Your Right to…
13
Employers must have a written, complete hazard communication program that includes information on:
History of OSHA
On December 29, 1970, President Nixon signed the OSH Act
This Act created OSHA, the agency, which formally came into being on April 28, 1971
6
OSHA stands for the Occupational Safety and Health Administration, an agency of the U.S. Department of Labor
OSHA’s responsibility is worker safety and health protection
5
Handout #1: Weekly
Fatality/Catastrophe Report

Each group reviews the handout and selects an incident to discuss
Have full class share what they discussed in the groups
Group Activity: FAT/CAT Report
47
This lesson covered:
The importance of OSHA, including the history of safety and health regulation leading to the creation of OSHA and OSHA’s mission;
Worker rights under OSHA;
Employer responsibilities;
OSHA standards;
OSHA inspections; and
Safety and health resources, including how to file a complaint.
Section Complete
Take a break!!!
OSHA FOCUS 4
These are the
Four most Common
Causes of Construction
Site Injuries

Falls
Caught-In
or Between

Struck
By

Electrocution
Funny Pictures
Videos
Funny
Excavations
Machine Guarding
Funny Pictures
Videos
Funny
Struck-By Hazard Recognition
Fatal Facts
Group Activities
Funny Pictures
Videos
Funny
Electrical Safety
Fatal Facts
Group Activities
Pictures
Videos
Funny
End of Section
PPE
(Personal Protective Equipment)
Health Hazards In Construction
Cyrstalline Silica
Hearing Conservation
Section Complete
This Completes The Mandatory 7 Hour Portion of the OSHA 10 for Construction Industry
The remaining three hours may be spent on elective topics. Please choose at least three electives to complete the 10 hour course.
Two Hours
Full transcript