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The Role of Women in World War I
Transcript of The Role of Women in World War I
Women were responsible for:
cleaning the house, raising children, teaching More job opportunities opened for Canadian women during World War I as they replaced the men who were out in war:
selling war bonds,
munitions factory workers,
nursing the wounded
fitters Women’s Royal Air Force
-1000 Canadian women worked as plane mechanics Women proved themselves
worthy, equal, and important
as they replaced the jobs of many men who went to war They worked to maintain the economy :
raised funds for hospitals, ambulances, aircraft
helped to farm When the war came to an end,
some were forced out of their jobs to be given back to returning soldiers Those that managed to stay were given lower wages compared to men Before World War I During World War I After World War I Women were used in propaganda to apply moral and sexual pressure on men to join the war and for the promotion of war bonds Some even presented young women
as rewards for the soldiers who went to war A couple of women actually fought on the front lines but most were just there to nurse the wounded The demand for nurses allowed even the lower class women to receive a medical education A considerable amount of women were killed by enemy fire while on the front lines Approximately 80 000 British and Canadian women worked in air, navy, and army forces so that more men go to the front line for battle There were 241 000 Canadian casualties after WW1 Governments became worried about the women who were now experiencing more freedom but were left without a male support drinking and smoking in public
provocative dressing Britain had even created a regulation making it illegal for women with venereal diseases to have, or even try to have, sexual intercourse with a soldier as they feared would undermine their troops could lead to: Several British and Canadian women joined the
Women's Army Auxiliary Corporations Queen Mary's Army Auxiliary Corps. which was later known as the a great number of women who were employed for:
cooking and catering
administration and telephony
motor vehicle maintenance
truck and ambulance drivers The Women's Land Army German U-boats and naval battles caused food shortages, leading to an increase of food production back home 113 000 Canadian and British women joined to help run the farms to replace the hands of the men who went out to war The Legion of Death Russian women who joined and fought for their country They even were able to capture over 100 German prisoners during the First Battalion from St. Petersburg Female Russian soldiers preferred death than to become a German prisoner. Each brought their own personal ration of cyanide potassium to ingest if captured. Women gave hope to the homesick soldiers and boosted the confidence of frightened men by: writing to their sons, husbands, boyfriends, brothers
sending mementoes from home e.g. photographs, embroidered handkerchiefs Front line nurses were always at risk of being shelled by an enemy bombardment or killed by a stray bullet while carrying out duties By: Kimberley Lau Bluebirds known for their blue uniforms
Over 3000 Canadian women served on the battlefield overseas as nurses These women had the average age of 24
It was a horrible experience for the bluebirds to witness such a high mortality rate They dealt with new diseases that were unknown before the war Worked in terrible conditions In a bombing of a hospital in Étaples, France, three bluebirds were killed Others died from diseases and several died from a torpedoed hospital ship Overall, 46 Canadian nurses lost their lives during the First World War Canadian women helped to encourage the men who were physically fit on the streets to join the war Women in schools for the blind knit and sewed items (e.g. socks) to be sent to Canadian soldiers overseas 2 000 Canadian women joined the Canadian Armed Forces to be nurses September 20, 1917
the right to vote was given to the women who had brothers, sons, and husbands who fought in the war Those that were unable to work in factories spent most of their time knitting together heavy scarves, pillows, flannel shirts, sheets, and balaclavas for the Canadian soldiers Over 30 000 Canadian women helped make bullets, uniforms, bombs, guns, tanks, planes and ships in factories Although inequality was still present, World War I was a big step for women:
- gave them more freedom
- gave them an opportunity for jobs
- played a more significant role in society
Women helped to stabilize Canada's economy, preventing it from declining to the extent of going bankrupt.