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Decolonization of India & Pakistan

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Christina John

on 19 May 2016

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Transcript of Decolonization of India & Pakistan

Background
Social and Political Problems in Pakistan
Decolonization of India & Pakistan
by Christina John & Hana Patel
Period 6

Established a popular spice trade with the Portuguese
Mostly along the southern parts

British also established safer roads and successfully promoted India's agricultural exports
Mostly throughout northern India
Economic Focus during the Colonial Period
Colonized by Great Britain
From c. 1600-1947
English East India Company: 1600-1857
British Raj: 1858-1947

Colonial and Empirical government during this time
Background
Independence Movement
Leader: Mohandas Karamchand Gandhi
Also famously known as Mahatma Gandhi
Indian Rebellion of 1857
Also known as the Sepoy Mutiny

Salt March
Rebellious and Resistance Movements During Colonial Times
Background Information
Born into a privileged caste on October 2, 1869
Grew up with Hindu teachings infused with Jainist teachings as well
Aided him in his pacifist, non-violent movement
Married Kasturba Gandhi in 1883 and had four sons
Worked as a lawyer and helped South Africa with its racial discrimination before helping India
Suffered through 6 assassination attempts
Was assassinated in the Agha Khan Palace in Pune on January 30, 1948
Started in 1857
Immediately after the Sepoy Mutiny

Methods used to achieve independence:
Gandhi's 4 methods
Jainist pacifism
Start of Independence Movement
Notable Incidents
Along with the famously known rebellions, the Indians also went through smaller retaliations
Rowlatt Act of 1919: Indians conducted a
hartal
, a nationwide cessation of work as an act of protest
1905: British planned to separate the state of Bengal from India
Indian National Congress (INC) led protests against this plan
Muslim League created to assure rights of Muslims in the future
World War II: INC refused to send Indians to fight for Britain; Muslim League supported Britain's call for soldiers
Muslim League wanted Britain to support a Muslim nation in post-independence North India
August 1946: Both sides engaged in a week of fighting
This resulted in thousands dead
February 1947: Lord Mountbatten pleaded with both sides to live as one unified country
Only Gandhi supported this; resulted in formation of two separate states
Disagreements Between Two Religions
Date of Independence
Pakistan: August 14, 1947
India: August 15, 1947
Current Gross Domestic Product and Per Capita GDP
India:
48,257,000,000,000 Indian Rupees (current GDP)
43,428,208,189,500 Indian Rupees (GDP per capita)

Pakistan:
24,322,971,500(current GDP)
133,530,286,500,000 (GDP per capita)
Major Economic Products and Exports
India
Pakistan
http://asianhistory.about.com/od/india/f/partitionofindiafaq.htm
http://www.bbc.co.uk/history/british/modern/independence1947_01.shtml
http://www.gatewayforindia.com/history/british_history3.htm
http://www.history.co.uk/biographies/mahatma-gandhi
http://www.na.gov.pk/en/index.php
http://parliamentofindia.nic.in/
http://www.tradingeconomics.com/pakistan/exports
http://www.pak-jap.8m.com/List%20of%20Pakistani%20Products%20for%20Exports.htm
https://www.culturalsurvival.org/ourpublications/csq/article/ethnic-and-religious-conflicts-india
http://countrystudies.us/pakistan/14.htm

Works Cited
Social and Political Conflicts in India
Religious discrimination even after Indo-Pakistan split in 1947
Kashmir and Jammu border incident
Overall corrupt government
Ethnic discrimination between Northern and Southern India
Caste system
Intra-state political issues and corruption
India-Nepal Crisis
Difficulties After Independence
Pakistan:
Whether or not the country should be an independent state
How power should be distributed between center and provincial governments
Which city should be chosen as the capital
Division of military and financial benefits
Bangladesh

India
The territory of Kashmir
Different religions demanding independence from India
Society and Economy

Indo-Pakistani War
Social and Political Problems in Pakistan
Poverty
Gender discrimination
Corruption in the government
parliamentary officials fake their status in order to get their positions
Major population growth
Kashmir and Jammu border
Full transcript