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Transcript of Conditionals ppt
(GENERAL TRUTH) FIRST CONDITIONAL SECOND CONDITIONAL THIRD CONDITIONAL ONE COMMON TYPE OF FACTUAL CONDITIONAL DESCRIBES GENERAL TRUTH. THIS TYPE OF CONDITIONAL IS OFTEN USED IN THE SCIENCES TO DESCRIBE PHYSICAL LAWS. We use the First Conditional to talk about future events that are likely to happen. The second conditional (also called conditional type 2) is a structure used for talking about unreal situations in the present or in the future. This page will explain how the second conditional is formed, and when to use it. ZERO CONDITIONAL (General Truth)
THIRD CONDITIONAL FORM OF ZERO CONDITIONAL
IF CLAUSE MAIN CLAUSE
SIMPLE PRESENT SIMPLE PRESENT IF YOU HEAT WATER TO A HUNDRED DEGREES, IT BOILS IF YOU DIVIDE EIGHTEEN BY THREE , YOU GET SIX DESCRIBING PHYSICAL LAWS GENERAL TRUTHS HABITS IF YOU LIE IN THE SUN FOR TOO LONG, YOU GET BURNT IF YOU HIT YOUR FINGER WITH A HAMMER, IT HURTS If You travel abroad, do you learn a little of the local language? II eat at lunchtime, I don't eat again in the evening FORM OF THE FIRST CONDITIONAL IF - CLAUSE PRESENT SIMPLE MAIN CLAUSE WILL/WILL NOT + INFINITIVE FIRST CONDITIONAL OFTEN ARE USED TO TALK ABOUT FUTURE PLANS THAT DEPEND OF SOMETHING UNPREDICTABLE IF WE LEAVE NOW, WE WILL MISS THE RUSH HOUR TRAFFIC If the clock is wrong, we'll be late If the weather is fine tomorrow, we'll go swimming FORM OF THE SECOND CONDITIONAL IF CLAUSE
PAST SIMPLE MAIN CLAUSE WOULD + INFINITIVE We can use the Second Conditional to talk about things in the future that are probably not going to be true. Maybe I'm imagining some dream for example. We can use the Second Conditional to talk about something in the present which is impossible, because it's not true •If I won the lottery, I would buy a big house.(I probably won't win the lottery) •If I met the Queen of England, I would say hello. •If I had his number, I would call him. (I don't have his number now, so it's impossible for me to call him). •If I were you, I wouldn't go out with that man. We use the Third Conditional to talk about 'impossible' conditions, impossible because they are in the past and we cannot change what has happened. FORM OF THE THIRD CONDITIONAL IF CLAUSE
PAST PERFECT MAIN CLAUSE would have + past participle What would you have done differently if you had known you would never speak to him again? If we had known you were sick, we would have gone to visit you in the hospital. You can use this sentence structure to express regret about something in the past, and to wish the past had happened differently. You can use this structure to criticize someone/something or point out mistakes If I had finished high school and gone to university, I would have gotten a better job. It would have been quicker if we had taken a taxi to the park instead of walking. If you hadn’t stayed out so late last night, you wouldn’t have slept in and been late for work!