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Sweatshops

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by

Joshua Hood

on 9 June 2014

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Transcript of Sweatshops

Overview:
Alternatives
The US government will talk to the United Nations in order to negotiate plans to give sweatshop workers fair wages
Sweatshops
Issue Analysis:
By: Vince Tay A3
Ban all sweatshop made products and have the institutions demolished
Alternative 1
Leave sweatshops as they are
Alternative 2
-Increase the pay of sweatshop workers to at least minimum wage
Final Solution
Conclusion
Sources
Introduction-

-In order to fix the problem of sweatshops the government needs to ratify a law that gives all workers at least minimum wage for labor
COMPANIES THAT USED OR STILL USE SWEATSHOPS
-Ann Harrison & Jason Scorse, Improving the Conditions of Workers?, March, 15, 2014 file:///C:/Users/Owner/Downloads/ImprovingConditions_of_Workers.pdf
-Annabelle Wong, Two Faces of Economic Development: The Ethical Controversy Surrounding U.S.-Related Sweatshops in Developing Asian Countries, May, 21, 2014 http://www.globalethicsnetwork.org/profiles/blogs/two-faces-of-economic-development-the-ethical-controversy
-Beverly Bell, A Haitian Sweatshop Worker Speaks: “Mrs. Clinton Can Have Her Factories”, March, 15, 2014 http://www.globalresearch.ca/5342802/5342802
-Daniel Viederman, Overseas Sweatshops Are a U.S. Responsibility, May, 21, 2014 http://www.businessweek.com/debateroom/archives/2007/06/overseas_sweatshops_are_a_us_responsibility_1.html
Economic action to end sweatshop and forced child labor, March, 15, 2014 http://www.greenamerica.org/programs/sweatshops/whattoknow.cfm
ILO, ILO Meeting Targets Sweatshops in Footwear, Textiles and Clothing; Adopts Resolution on Child Labour, May, 21, 2014 http://www.ilo.org/global/about-the-ilo/media-centre/press-releases/WCMS_008077/lang--en/index.htm
-Jesse Kline, Shutting down sweatshops just throws workers onto the streets, May, 21, 2014 http://fullcomment.nationalpost.com/2013/04/27/jesse-kline-in-support-of-sweat-shops/
-Kristina Chew, Finally, Some Retailers Agree to Improve Sweatshop Conditions, March, 15, 2014 http://www.care2.com/causes/finally-some-retailers-agree-to-improve-sweatshop-conditions.html
-Luke Pryor, In Defense of Sweatshops, May, 21, 2014 http://cornellsun.com/blog/2009/10/27/in-defense-of-sweatshops/
-Sophie McDermott, Sweatshops: Are there Pros and Cons? , May, 21, 2014 http://www.anfocal.ie/lifestyle/6800/sweatshops-are-there-pros-and-cons
-Sweatshops are the norm in the global apparel industry. We're standing up to change that. , March, 15, 2014 http://www.laborrights.org/industries/apparel
-Sweatshops in China, March, 15, 2014 http://www.waronwant.org/overseas-work/sweatshops-and-plantations/china-sweatshops
-Sophie McDermott, Sweatshops: Are there Pros and Cons? , May, 21, 2014 http://www.anfocal.ie/lifestyle/6800/sweatshops-are-there-pros-and-cons
-11 Facts About Sweatshops, March, 15, 2014 https://www.dosomething.org/tipsandtools/11-facts-about-sweatshops

-The government will institute a bill that will allow them to enforce demolishing sweatshop institiutions
- Sweatshops are a necessity for many third world countries in order for them to move up their economies
- The international labor organization will institute a law that will give sweatshop employees at least $7.50 an hour
- Sweatshops violate the people's 14th amendment rights
- Places where laborer's rights are exploited
- Lives are put in danger with little to no wages
- Workers go thorugh verbal and sexual abuse
- In developing countries, 250 million children ages 5 to 14 are forced to work in sweatshops
- The average North American toy maker earns $11/hour. In China, toy workers earn an average of 30 cents/hour
- Money earned by sweatshop workers is spent on food to get by
- Almost 75% of the retail price of a garment is pure profit for the manufacturer and retailer
Disagree-Jesse Kline, disagrees with the solution of shutting down sweatshops. He finds “it is important to remember that, despite the fact that sweatshops often have deplorable working conditions and pay minuscule wages by Western standards, we are not talking about slavery. People who work in these factories do so by their own accord. By freely accepting a job at a sweatshop, the employee is demonstrating that her relationship with her employer is mutually beneficial, and that she thinks taking the job is a better option than all the others available to her”
Agree-
End Modern slavery says that "A study showed that doubling the salary of all sweatshop workers would only increase the cost of an item you buy in a store by roughly 1.8%." and that a consumer would rather pay 15% more on their item to know it was created in a safe and legal environment
Disagree- Annabelle Wong disagrees with this solution by saying that “sweatshops are overwhelmingly lucrative since they capitalize on low-wage labor in developing countries and significantly reduce production costs. Many major clothing and footwear companies, for example, have been linked to sweatshops. Brands such as Nike, GAP, Converse and Levi’s, have all been guilty of numerous violations of requirements for reasonable working conditions in their production facilities. All of their headquarters and customer bases are located in the United States"
Disagree-
Reviewers such as Ann Harrison and Jason Scorse wouldn’t agree with this solution and think “that efforts to impose a "living wage" or improve working conditions in developing countries may lead to higher labor costs, which could in turn hurt the very workers these movements seek to protect. How? Companies may decrease employment, relegating these workers to even worse jobs or no jobs at all”
Agree- Luke Pryor agrees with my statement by stating that “no one is forcing them to work there, and if the money wasn’t worth it to them, they wouldn’t. This argument is nothing new. It is a common point of development-focused economists such as Jeffrey Sachs and Paul Krugman, or journalists such as Nicholas Kristof. These people argue that sweatshops help the poorest of the poor get onto the economic ladder”
Agree- Daniel Viederman, a writer, would support my decision because he believes “avoiding sweatshops is good business. Not only do poorly treated workers typically make poor-quality goods, but U.S. companies that aren’t careful about sweatshops could face the costly job of reputation repair if a watchdog group links their brands to workplace abuses. Furthermore, desirable employees want to work for companies whose values they share, just as consumers want to buy from companies that put values into practice"
The problem of sweatshops is
prevalent through many third world
struggling countries as well as the US
-This will be effective since there will only be a 2% increase in prices made from sweatshops
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