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The Epic Journey of Odysseus
Transcript of The Epic Journey of Odysseus
Odysseus has just fought in the Trojan War
He embarks on a journey to return home... The "Ordinary" World
Odysseus has just won the Trojan War with the Trojan horse.
He and his men have sacked Troy The Call to Adventure and
Crossing the Threshold:
Odysseus is struck with home sickness
He embarks on the long and perilous journey home. Refusal of the Call (among his crew):
They stop at the island of the Lotus-eaters
Two Men forget everything; they refuse to return home because they are enamored by the sweetness of lotus Tests, Allies, and Enemies:
They encounter the Cyclops Polyphemus
He traps them in his cave
Odysseus blinds the cyclops then escapes hiding under his giant sheep
Polphemus gives them one last gift: a curse from Poseidon's son.
Aeolus, king of the winds
Gives them a bag containing all the winds except the west wind, aiding their journey home
Odysseus's men open the bag, thinking its treasure
the winds released blow them far off course Tests, Allies, and Enemies (cont.)
They arrive at the island of Circe
The witch-goddess transforms Odysseus's scouting party into swine.
Hermes gives Odysseus an herb ("moly") which protects against the sorcery.
Refusal of the Call:
When Circe sees that her witchcraft does not affect Odysseus, she falls in love with him.
Odysseus receives counsel from Circe to go to the underworld after they stay together for a year. Meeting the Mentor:
Odysseus travels to the underworld and encounters the blind prophet Tiresias
Tiresias, a mentor in a way, instructs him how to avoid the wrath of the gods and how to get home The Approach and the Ordeal:
Odysseus sets sail for the Underworld
Encounters all sorts of ghosts
This is the most terrifying part of the journey for Odysseus; he experiences fear for the first and only time in the Odyssey Tests, Friends, and Enemies:
Passes the Islands of the Sirens
cleverly outwit their deadly songs by blocking their ears with wax.
Odysseus ties himself to the mast to hear their song and live Tests, Allies, and Enemies
Encounter Scylla and Charybdis, two deadly sea monsters
Scylla eats 6 of Odysseus's men Tests, Allies, and Enemies
Go to the Island of the Sun-god Helios
The crew kill the sacred cattle out of starvation
Helios gets mad, Helios tells Zeus, Zeus gets mad, Zeus kills everyone with a lightning bolt near Charybdis. The Resurrection
(and a side of Refusal of the Call):
clings to a piece of driftwood and floats to Calypso's island, where she nurtures him back to health, then imprisons him til Zeus said NO. The Return Home and the Reward:
After Odysseus is freed, he returns home, only to find out that his house has been ransacked by suitors assuming him KIA
His wife offers them a challenge: string Odysseus's bow and fire it through twelve axe-heads
No one is able to accomplish the feat, so Odysseus reveals himself, performs the feat, and kills every single suitor there was.
then they lived happily ever after :) Pictures Cited:
http://www.google.com/imgres?um=1&hl=en&sa=N&qscrl=1&rlz=1T4ACAW... (Trojan Horse)
http://www.google.com/imgres?um=1&hl=en&qscrl=1&rlz=1T4ACAW... (Greek ship)
http://www.google.com/imgres?um=1&hl=en&sa=X&qscrl=1&rlz=1T4ACAW... (Lotus Flower)
http://www.google.com/imgres?um=1&hl=en&qscrl=1&rlz=1T4ACAW... (Scylla and Charybdis)