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Waltz of the Flowers - Tchaikovsky

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by

Melissa Ta

on 21 November 2013

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Transcript of Waltz of the Flowers - Tchaikovsky

Tchaikovsky - The Nutcracker; Waltz of the Flowers
Background - Angie
Musical Features - Lucy
Addtional Questions
Inspiration
Instruments
Waltz of The Flowers features a harp solo, french horn quartet and a cello soli section
Waltz of The Flowers strongly features the string family in particular for the main melody
The woodwind family, flute and clarinet in particular, was featured strongly as well. It backs up the string family
The brass family adds much strength and energy to this piece; mainly the french horns
Percussion was also involved. The triangle can be heard in the background and a timpani adding volume
How instruments function within Waltz of the Flowers
Woodwind:
The main instuments. Sets the magical mood throughout the whole piece.
Brass:
Create a triumphant timbre in the CODA. Used mainly to create a majestic or regal feel.
Strings:
Would create an overall more powerful voice.
Main Sections
Introduction:
Opens up with a repeating motif. The harp plays a candenza at the end
Section A:
Opening motif present. French horns take both melody and harmony line.
Section B:
Has two main motifs, a classical waltz style and a lighter one.
Section C:
Main melody is a typical waltz, counter melody which is a call and response between the upper strings.
Section D:
A somewhat oppresive melody line. Heavy compared to the other sections.
CODA:
Brass more noticable. Turns into a more victorious section as song reaches the end.
Examples of Sections
Introduction:
What was Good About it.
Created wonderful atmosphere
The interchange between the instruments were nicely done
Could never get tired of the song
Has many timbre dynamics
The melodies and harmonies worked well
conveyed meaning through music
Perfect for this season: CHRISTMAS!
Musical Qualities
It's in the ternary form.
Waltz; 3/4 meter where the first beat is accentuated for a dance-like quality
Harps play with a majestic sound
Clarinet plays many runs
Trumpets, horns and strings play a waltz-like melody
Flute and clarinet trills signalling end of phrase
Loud and abrupt ending builds anticipation for next act
Themes
The A theme - melody from french horns and clarinets. Aí - A theme is repeated with a slightly different ending.
The B theme - violins. Again, B is followed by Bí.
The flutes play the melody for the C theme, and C' contains the triangle in the background. This gives C' a lighter, more sparkly timbre than C
The D theme and its prime are heard only once, and is played by cello. The melody is rich and intense and helps propel the music
Other Versions
In 1919, Alexander Gorsky’s production - Clara and the Nutcracker Prince who were played by adults instead of children.
Vainonen had influenced several later productions - addressed many criticisms of the original 1892 production.
Tradition to perform the complete ballet at Christmas spread across the U.S. - 1960.
Many LP albums - complete ballet usually fits into 2 LP albums
CD recordings also existed
By: Melissa, Lucy and Angie
Even though the director of The Nutcracker gave specific details and instructions about what kind of music she wanted for each part, Tchaikovsky struggled to find inspiration
At the time Tchaikovsky was going through a lot of emotional turmoil as his sister had just recently died. He used his melancholy to his advantage and applied it to music
Tchaikovsky was at sea while composing some parts of The Nutcracker
Tchaikovsky's fear of mice helped inspire the dramatic and climatic parts of The Nutcracker
Just like the name suggests, Waltz of The Flowers was also inspired by flowers and nature
He seemed to love Russian folklore and folk music as this was what the Nutcracker was based on.
First performance
December 18th, 1892
Mariinsky Theatre in St Petersburg
Media

CODA:
Section D:
Section C:
Thanks for Listening!
Section B:
Section A:
been used many times in the media such as ads, television shows, cartoons, movies and amongst others.
Several films having little or nothing to do with the ballet or the original Hoffmann tale have used its music.
1940 Disney animated film, Fantasia featuring a segment using the Nutcracker Suite.
2001, Barbie in the Nutcracker.
2010, The Nutcracker in 3D abandoned the ballet and most of the story, but retained much of Tchaikovsky’s music.
Full transcript