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The Cause and Effect after the Rebellion of 1837

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Sofia Bobrysheva

on 12 June 2014

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Transcript of The Cause and Effect after the Rebellion of 1837

Rebellion n Lower Canada
Papineau and Wolfred Nelson supported the rebellion
lasted a couple of weeks
began- Novemebr 23, 1837 at St. Denis where the rebels won
Battle at St. Charles- the British troops won ( 500 Patriots were captured, 30 were wounded and 40 were killed and reel leaders fled to U.S.)
Battle of St. Eustache- fought on December 14
More than 1000 patriots participated in this battle and fortified the church and other buildings in the town
British attacked with canons and set the church on fire ( 70 rebels died with thier leader Dr. J.O. Chenier)
A second rebellion in November of 1838 was postponed
End result: 12 rebels were hanged, 58 sent to a prison colony in Australia, 1200 were set free and Papineau fled to U.S., but were sent back to Canada and were executed
William Mackenzie (journalist Reformer) stirred up people in Toronto against the government with fierce articles, he tried to be silenced but that made him more popular with the people
in 1837 British troops left to fight off armed rebellions in Lower Canada, so weapons were left unprotected in Toronto
Mackenzie began to plot the seizure of the government and decided on an armed rebellion
on December 5 he led 500-700 men down Yonge Street towards Toronto
they were fired at by a few loyal militiamen that later scattered as did his army
two days later a huge force of about 1000-1500 government supporters met the rebels and after a short fight, led them away
Mackenzie fled to the US and attempted to create an army to liberate Upper Canada, but his supply ship near Niagara Falls was sunk by Canadians and was arrested by Americans for breaking neutrality between the two nations
24 rebels exiled to Australia and two hanged
people scared to speak out after rebellions
OF 1837

, we need to
Back then, Canada was divided into 2 parts
because of the Constitutional Act of 1791
Upper and Lower Canada
The Chart

Lived a similar lifestyles like the past 150 years
Population filling up farmland because of the Great Migration
Most of the young people left to work in towns or lumber camps
Extreme poverty after 1810
Scared of losing French language, religion and agricultural way of life due to the amount of English speaking newcomers
newcomers to Lower Canada
1763-arrived when Lower Canada became a British colony
made money from furs,grain, and later timber
wanted: canals roads and harbours
Professional Men
Newest group in Lower Canada
Mostly lawyers and doctors
Wanted: leadership of the colony, a separate French-Canadian nation
formed "Parti Canadien"

Up the St. Lawrence River we go...

Family Compact
group of elite men who ruled government in Upper Canada and loyal to Britain
they were executive and legislative councilors
they mostly had own business' and political views were mostly connected with economic views
they believed in development
known as Tories
defended tradition
did not want people from US to be part of the government in Upper Canada

"Canada Revisited 7"
Yahoo Answers
The Reformers
they opposed the Family Compact
wanted change in of government and society in Upper Canada
did not like how the Family Compact treated the Americans in the colony
they were divided into moderate and violent groups
some later became rebels
Chateau Clique
held the most power in the government
a small group of powerful people
were British or Canadiens loyal to British
wanted Roman Catholic Church to be powerful
favoured the British system of government
wanted more English-speaking in Lower Canada
This leads us back to the cause and effect
Sir Francis Bond Head
appointed lieutenant-governor in 1835
was well liked by the Reformers at first
included two important Reformers in Council
the Council resigned when he ignored to their advice
the Reformers would not vote to pass money bills to build things such as canals and roads
he called for an election and campaigned for the Tories
many more voted for the Tories than the Reformers for they wanted to develop
the Tories won and the Reformers turned against him
Upper Canada
people did not like the way the government was run
run mostly by high-class men who divided the land unequally due to favoritism of the richer
American- born immigrants were treated unfairly by the government for they were thought to be untrue British citizens for they have not fought for Britain in the War of 1812
as the population grew, so did the hatred for Upper Canada's government and support of the opposition(Reformers)
loss of the Reformers in the election of 1836 was the last straw and most Reformers turned to violence to get justice.
Lower Canada
Parti Canadien
renamed Parti Patriote after 1826
wanted to continue traditional Canadien ways,increase the Legislative Assembly and make the government more democratic
mostly Canadiens
leader: Joseph Papineau
1800- won control of the Legislative Assembly
There was-lots of tension between the two parties
The Executive Council and Legislative Council were made up of English- speaking people or the people who supported Great Britain
Canadiens were against the Great Immigration, but The Chateau Clique were encouraging emigration from Great Britain
Lots of land was given to the newcomers- Canadiens feared that their children wouldn't have enough land for farming
The English industries and population was rapidly growing- Canadiens feared that they would loose their language, religion e.t.c.

Papineau wrote a petition to Britain trying to convince the British Parliament to not unite the two colonies
1834- Legislative Assembly created a list called "The Ninety-Two Resolutions"and boycott until their concerns were resolved
1835- Lord Gosford became a new governor who had to investigate the Ninety-Two Resolutions
1837-Lord John Russell, the British secretary for war and the colonies, issued 10 resolutions affirming policies that the Patriotes opposed. He refused to increase the power of the Legislative Assembly
English- speaking councillors, business men e.t.c. used colonie's taxes to profit their business and build canals and new roads

lack of planning and military leadership
They didn't have a lot of weapons
Many Patriots refused to fight without the support of the Roman Catholic Church

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