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Sheenz and Ninz

on 4 April 2013

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FOR SPRAINS AND STRAINS FIRST AID Sprains and Strains Bibliography Sprains and strains are two types of soft tissue injury or damage. A sprain is an injury of the joint that involves tearing of the ligaments and joint capsule. A strain is when the muscle or tendon is injured. The steps of first aid include rest, ice, compression with bandages and elevation (RICE). The procedure for first aid includes rest, ice, compression with bandages and elevation. a simple way of remembering this is the abbreviation "RICE"
R - rest
I - ice
C - compression with bandages
E - elevation RICE Sprains commonly happen when the joint is twisted while bearing weight, this can cause the ligament to stretch further than its usual limit.

Strains usually happen during sports or activities that require the muscle to stretch and carry weight at the same time. What causes it ? Your child is at risk of suffering from a sprain or strain if they participate in any of the following:

- sports that they are not conditioned for
- doing exercise without a proper warm up/warming up properly
-using athletic equipment that isn't appropriate for them
-fatigue: where their muscles are tired and causes their muscles to stretch over their joints. Risks: http://www.betterhealth.vic.gov.au/bhcv2/bhcarticles.nsf/pages/Sprains_and_strains


http://www.mayoclinic.com/health/sprains-and-strains/DS00343/DSECTION=risk-factors BY ERIKA SERRANO AND NINA STEWART Watch the video below to see tips on how to treat a sprain or strain: First Aid: Sprains and Strains Signs and symptoms that your child has either a sprained or strained part of their body: STRAINS:
some symptoms of strains include..
-stiffness, soreness or tenderness of the muscles.

some symptoms of sprains include..
-pain when injured (at the time of injury)
-bruising Prevention of strains and sprains: Here are a few tips that you can implicate that will prevent your
child from suffering from sprains or strains:

-encourage your children to regularly stretch and participate in physical activity.
-only let them participate in sport in which is appropriate for their condition.
-ensure that they wear the correct footwear that supports them especially when they are completing physical activities.
-avoid walking (especially running) on uneven surfaces. Below is the link to a helpful website that explains preventions of sprains and strains: Click the following link...

http://www.nhs.uk/Conditions/Sprains/Pages/Prevention.aspx IMAGES OF SPRAINS: IMAGES OF STRAINS: Parents Not to wish that your child ever has a sprained or strained part of their body always ensure that you keep a first aid kit in your house. Ensure that you have access to bandages or first aid supplies at all times.

Remember that if ever your child is to suffer from either a sprained or strained body part, think... RICE.
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