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Assignment 2: Carry out risk assessments

BTEC level 3 Sport, Unit 3
by

Miss Watson

on 10 January 2016

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Transcript of Assignment 2: Carry out risk assessments

Risk Assessment
Risk Assessments and the Law
Under the Health and Safety at Work Act 1974:

All organisers of sport (employers/event organisers/teachers and coaches etc.) must produce risk assessments prior to conducting any sporting activity.

The aim of a risk assessment is to prevent accidents and injury therefore maintaining the health and safety of those involved.

The employer or person responsible for the risk assessment must:

Implement the H&S measures stated in the risk assessment, appoint competent people to carry them out, have emergency procedures in place, provide information and training as needed, record on hard copy (if you employ more than 5 people) and review on a regular basis.
Step 1: Identifying Hazards
Risk Assessment: Key Words
Grading Criteria
P3: Carry out risk assessments for two different sports activities, with tutor support

M2: Independently carry out risk assessments for two different sports activities

D1: Review the risk assessment controls and evaluate their effectiveness
Success Criteria
P3/M2: Independently conduct a risk assessment for two different sports (indoor/outdoor or KS3/KS4)

D1:Complete a review of all of the control measures and evaluate their effectiveness to prevent staff and students being at risk of injury while taking part in each PE Lesson.
Risk Assessment:

A systematic method of looking at a sporting environment, considering what could go wrong, and providing suitable control measures to avoid injury.

Hazard:
Something that has the potential to cause
harm.

Risk:
The likelihood and severity of the harm that could occur as a result of the hazard.

Accident:
An unplanned / uncontrolled event resulting in an injury, near miss, death or damage to property.



Five Steps to Risk Assessment
Have a good understanding of the areas where hazards are likely to occur will help to prevent accidents and improve safety awareness.

It is preferable to undertake hazard identification as a group to increase the likelihood of hazards being identified.

The variety of sports facilities and their range of locations means that each place will have its own particular hazards.

All hazards must be documented.

Examples:
Slips, trips and falls (this is the most common hazard) e.g. an uneven surface/poor footwear
Electric shock e.g. faulty wiring of an appliance in a gym
Volume of participant's e.g. maximum capacity, coach to participant ratios
Collisions e.g. during a sporting event two players could accidentally bump into each other
Muscle strain e.g. Most common sporting injury (tearing of the muscle of tendon)
Theft e.g. leaving valuables unattended.
Step 2: Decide who might get harmed and to what extent
You must identify those who may be at risk from the hazards identified in the first step, this must be specific.
Examples include:
Participants
Parents / Careers
Teachers
Class mates
Members of the Public
Spectators

Do not overlook particular groups that you have a higher duty of care for such as young children or disabled.

You must also consider how many people may be at risk and how potential incidents could happen.




Step 3: Assess the risk of the hazard causing harm / Control measures
This helps to determine whether or not anything else can be done to reduce the likelihood of a hazard causing harm.

Existing control measures and practices will need to be regularly monitored and reviewed.

All staff that conduct risk assessments should be suitably trained in the procedures for controlling the hazard.

Examples of control measures include:
Information on staff training
Supervision that is already carried out
Statement showing operational procedures that already occur e.g. No one is allowed in the equipment storeroom without a staff member.
THIS NEEDS TO BE VERY SPECIFIC!!!

A risk of harm will always exist but by scoring the
likelihood
of a risk to cause harm and the
severity
of harm will help categorise the risks into high, medium and low.
Likelihood of Causing Harm
This is how likely the risk is to cause harm.

It is written as a number from a scale.

The scale used in this college is as follows:

1.-Unlikely (rarely happen)
2.-Likely (may happen sometimes)

3.-Highly likely (May happen a lot)
4.-Probable (almost always will occur)

Severity of Harm
This is how severe the harm could be and is written as a number from a scale. The scale used is as follows:

1.-Minor (First Aid treatment only)
2.-Serious (Day injury/attends casualty)
3.-Major (Broken limb 24 hours in hospital)
4.-Fatality (Death)

Calculating Risk
This is worked out in a numerical equation.

SEVERITY X LIKELIHOOD = RISK

Depending on your hazard and who it effects will have a bearing on your risk rating (low, medium or high).

Your existing control measures do NOT affect your rating, they are there to show you how you are trying to keep the risk low for your customers/staff etc
Step 4: Undertake a Written Risk Assessment
This helps promote consistency and provides evidence of the process used to to reach your conclusion.

In a busy leisure centre daily checklists will be used for sports equipment that is regularly set up / put down.
Step 5: Review the Risk Assessment
The hazards associated with sport will change from time to time therefore risk assessment will need to be review regularly.

If any changes occur, employees must be made aware of this and additional training given to them regarding the change.
Risk Controls
Any risks that have been identified as high risk require immediate action to lower the risk to an appropriate level.

If the level of risk is high then a management proposal will need to be completed.

The measures outlined in the management proposal should outline roles clearly.
Risk Controls
Do not do the activity
- If the risk is too high stop the activity

Modify the activity
- Alter rules e.g. no contact, move the activity to a different area or adjust equipment

Protect participants from hazard
- Carry out the control measures in the risk assessment to ensure participants are safe

Provide appropriate safety equipment
- PPE required will be outline in all risk assessments.

Provide appropriate training
- All staff must regularly attend staff training in order to keep them up to date with changes in conditions that might affect risk.

Provide appropriate supervision for participants

- Governing bodies outline coach to participation ratio to minimize risk.
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