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What made the Tang and Song Dynasties the Golden Age of Chin
Transcript of What made the Tang and Song Dynasties the Golden Age of Chin
Government, Society, and Culture
Golden Age: "A period in a field of endeavor when great tasks were accomplished. " - Wikipedia
A society's golden age is marked by achievements and advances in art, literature, science, technology, and philosophy.
"La Mort de Socrate" by Jacques-Louis David
"Golden Age" by Jean Auguste Dominique Ingres
Du Mu - A Major poet
during the Late Tang Dynasty
The Golden Age of China (618-1271)
Gunpowder was invented during the Tang Dynasty, and was widely used by the time of the Song for warfare. Bombs, grenades, rockets, firearms, land mines, and cannons.
Chinese "long serpent"
rocket launcher from the
Chinese fire grenade
The Tang dynasty was considered to be the greatest age of classical Chinese poetry. Over 48,900 poems by about 2200 poets have survived to modern times.
"Loquats and a Mountain Bird" - An Anonymous painter of the Southern Song Dynasty
"The Sakyamuni Buddha" by Zhang Shengwen during the Song Dynasty.
By Guo Xi, a Representative Painter
Many Encyclopedias and histories were compiled during the time of the Tang. The encyclopedias covered basically every subject under the sun like astronomy, medicine, and philosophy. The histories covered the previous dynasties in Chinese history.
Random Chinese Calligraphy that may or may not be poetry
China was a cultural melting pot during the Tang dynasty, and contact with India allowed for Buddhist schools of thought to flourish in China by the 7th century.
Buddhism began to decline in China near the end of the Tang Dynasty, but had a major impact on Neo-Confucianism, a more secular form of Confucianism that became prominent during the Song Dynasty.
Zhou Dunyi - A pioneering philosopher for Neo-Confucianism
Encyclopedias, histories, and poetry were continued to be created through the Song Dynasty.
The Zizhi Tongjian - A record of Chinese history from 403 BCE to 959 CE, covering 16 dynasties
Art Flourished during the Tang and Song Dynasties, as people became more appreciative of the arts.
Paintings of both people and landscape were created during the two dynasties, and the level of painting come to a climax.
The idea of a meritocracy and the civil service exam was utilized during the Sui and Tang dynasties on a small scale. The civil service system during the Song dynasty became the only means of recruiting officials, which allowed for more social mobility and a stronger meritocracy.
The capital cities of the Tang dynasty were trading hubs, and trade with other civilizations along the silk road along with their liberal attitudes to foreigners allowed for a melting pot of culture to occur.
The population of the Song dynasty exploded from 50 million to over 100 million people due to different methods of agriculture (rice instead of wheat).
Woodblock printing (Tang), which involves carving a relief pattern on a woodblock, and movable type printing (Song) was developed, and made written word available to more people.
"Diamond Sutra" - The first widely printed book (woodblock) in 888
Glazed pottery of a Horse from the Tang Dynasty
By Li Gong-lin during the Northern Song (960-1126)
The Chinese combined the mechanical odometer with the South Pointing Chariot, a vehicle that used a compass to point south, in order to measure distance and navigate to a very precise degree.
Innovations in clockwork and timekeeping were present in both dynasties, with large clock towers and bells, which had obvious everyday and scientific uses.
The interior diagram of the astronomical clock tower at Keifeng (written in 1092)
China's foreign imports and trade routes
Advances in all fields of science were made during the time of the Tang and Song.
Chinese alchemists during the Tang Dynasty experimented with many complex chemicals, producing waterproof and dust repelling creams, fireproof cement, and porcelain.
Polymaths like Shen Kuo and Su Song of the Song Dynasty contributed to advances in essentially all fields of study.
The magnetic mariner's compass was created during the Song Dynasty, which allowed for accurate navigation, which was very important to the strong trade economy of the Song.
The Tang had rotary fans used for air conditioning.
They were: statesmen, astronomers, cartographers, horologists, pharmacologists, mineralogists, zoologists, botanists, mechanical engineers, poets, antiquarians, ambassadors, doctors, meteorologists, geologists, and everything else.
So were great tasks accomplished during the Tang and Song dynasties?
Johnny Hoang, who did 99% of the work