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The Articles of Confederation and the United States Constitution
Transcript of The Articles of Confederation and the United States Constitution
By: Amari Atterberry
It is no secret that the Articles of Confederation failed, but the real question is why? Well, this is why:
the whole purpose of the confederation was to keep the states as independent as possible, so controlling them was kind of impossible.
because of the purpose of the confederation, the central government had little to no power. They could not enforce their rules, and had no control whether the states did what they said or not.
Yeah, this just isn't working out...
Finally, they reached their breaking point when farmers rose up and closed the courts to prevent them from foreclosing their farms (now lovingly referred to as Shays' Rebellion). This was a sign to most that the Articles had to go. Thomas Jefferson (still carrying that rebel spirit) disagreed and said, "A little rebellion now and then is a good thing. The tree of liberty must be refreshed from time to time with the blood of patriots and tyrants."
Let's throw down the Gauntlet...
Okay, the central government was ready to fight back, meaning that they were ready to regroup and talk about it like rational adults. The first attempt at a meeting was in Annapolis, Maryland in 1786 and only six delegates showed up. They agreed to meet in Philadelphia the next year and "revise" the Articles which most call the Constitutional Convention of 1787.
Constitutional Convention of 1787
They established the fact that they need a republican form of government with representatives rather than a direct democracy.
They agreed that the president and the senate should not serve life terms.
Many things happened at the Constitutional Convention
They split the government into the executive, legislative, and judicial branches.
Just because you're bigger doesn't mean you are more powerful
The Virginia Act was the act that was proposed that the states with the larger population got more representation.
Yeah...the small colonies don't like that
The New Jersey act proposed that colonies should have equal representation.
Time for a compromise...
The Great Compromise stopped all that! The Great Compromise was a plan that combined both plans together to make one big plan! They created a bicameral legislature. This made an upper house, and a lower house.In the upper house, each state would have equal representation, meaning two senators per state. The lower house would have representation based on population, meaning one representative for every 30,000 people. The population count to be used to determine this would be all free inhabitants plus 3/5 of the slave population.
Key Features of the Constitution
Two Heads are better than one...
In the constitution, after the two proposed acts (Virginia and New Jersey), a bicameral legislature was made to make peace. We can also call this the Great Compromise. The two houses are the House of Representatives and the Senate.
A bicameral legislature is defined as a legislature with two houses or chambers.
She's touching me!!!
The Separation of Powers was a part of the constitution that divided the government responsibilities into distinct branches to limit any one branch from exerting the core functions of another. The intent was to provide checks and balances.
the video is showing what they were trying to prevent...in a funnier way
Daniel Shays was a veteran soldier and a debt ridden farmer...
The have a certain number of representatives for each state based on their population (like the Virginia Plan).
House of Representatives
The has two representatives per state no matter the population (like the New Jersey Plan).
Course, Crash. "The Constitution, the Articles, and Federalism: Crash Coure US History #8." Online video clip.
YouTube. YouTube, 21 Mar. 2013. Web. 1 Nov. 2013
Keep your in !
The checks and balances system is a system that makes sure that no one branch is more powerful than the others. The checks and balances system is kind of like when your parents leave you alone with your six siblings. You have to find a way to not step over the boundaries. Let's say your first brother wants a pizza. You are the oldest and you do not want that, because there's disagreement a vote takes place. If most of your siblings vote yes for the pizza, that is what you will eat. If most of your siblings vote no for the pizza, you guys will find something different. This is how the Checks and Balances system works with the government. The legislative branch proposes, the executive branch either accepts or vetoes, and if it doesn't work in law, the judicial can send it to Supreme Court.
The Man Whose Indecisiveness made America What It Is Today...
in short, was a man who studied law and was cleared to practice in Georgia in 1784. In 1785, he joined the Continental Congress and the leading Georgia delegate to the U.S. Constitutional Convention in 1787. His change of vote in that convention on the issue of the mode of representation in Congress brought about a tie between the large and small states.
"Infoplease Article." Fact Monster.
© 2000–2013 Pearson Education, publishing as Fact Monster.
01 Nov. 2013 <http://www.factmonster.com/encyclopedia/people/baldwin-abraham.html>.
Procrastination is not a good habit William....
William Few was a lawyer like Mr. Baldwin, and he did not join the Continental Congress until late. He really did not do a lot in Georgia, but in North Carolina he took a part in the Regulatory movement there. Although he did not do a whole lot, he did get to sign the Constitution, and was one of Georgia's first U.S. Senators.
the Regulatory movement was a group in north Carolina (and another is South Carolina) that tried to effect governmental changes in the 1760s.
Geez, it is not a race...
So, there is no one true answer to why Georgia ratified the constitution so quickly. It is all speculation. Georgia moved so fast because of their reputation. They were already seen as a disgrace, and not really a part of the American Revolution. They also moved fast because there was absolutely disagreement. Everyone believed that this was the right thing to do.
Similarities And Differences of the Articles and the Constitution
members of congress between 2 - 7 per state
one vote per state
One Branch of Government
States could coin money
States collected taxes
members of congress depends on the population
one vote per representative
Three Branches of Government
members of congress could be greater than 2
Legislature called Congress
United States could coin money
Taxes laid by Congress
Mount, Steve. "Comparing the Articles and the Constitution." U.S. Constitution. (1995-2010): n. page. Web. 1 Nov. 2013. <http://www.usconstitution.net/constconart.html>.