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Age of Exploration & The Atlantic Slave Trade

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by

Valerie Spencer

on 30 August 2016

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Transcript of Age of Exploration & The Atlantic Slave Trade

http://www.inmotionaame.org/texts/viewer.cfm?id=1_024T&page=1
People from other Lands
Influenced by Renaissance
Advances in science & technology
Drive to increase power in land/trade
Chris Columbus = Colombian Exchange
The Age of Exploration
European Colonies in the Americas
Spain
Portugal
Treaty of Tordesillas


When the word of Columbus' discoveries reached Europe, a bitter dispute broke out between Spain and Portugal. Portugal refused to recognize the Spanish claim to the Caribbean islands. Portugal believed that they were part of the Azores, which belonged to Portugal. The Pope was concerned that the dispute could lead to war between the two devoutly Catholic countries and offered to mediate. After many months of mediation both Portugal and Spain agreed to the Treaty of Tordesillas in 1494. Under the terms of the treaty, a line of Demarcation was established. Any lands to the west of the Line, which was 1000 miles west of the Azores, would belong to Spain... territories to the East would belong to Portugal. One quarter of South America turned out to be to the east of the line and that area became the Portuguese colony of Brazil.
http://www.historycentral.com/explorers/Tordesillas.html
Slave Trade in West Africa
Begins with Portugal - 1400s
Need for plantation labor
Estimated # of slaves brought to America...
"How easy it would be to convert these people (to Christianity) and to make them work for us."
20 Million!!!
Conditions
African Kingdoms
Kidnapped & Sold
Bondage
Cramped boats
High risk of death/disease
Middle Passage & Arrival
http://www.inmotionaame.org/texts/viewer.cfm?id=1_022T&page=1
Stats
Reading & Reflection
http://www.digitalhistory.uh.edu/historyonline/slav_fact.cfm
Pre-Columbian voyages:
European population: 60 million
"New World": 40-100 million
Post-Columbian Voyages:
European Population: 150 million
"New World": 25 million (including Europeans/descendants/slaves)
Olaudah Equiano
The exchange of plants, animals, languages, technology, and disease between the "Old World", and the "New World"
Treaty of Tordesillas:
agreement between Spain and Portugal regarding colonization in the New World.
(Triangular Trade Network)
Non-Europeans
Land bridge theory
Coastal migration theory
In the news now: http://www.cnn.com/2016/08/29/sport/colin-kaepernick-flag-protest-has-history-trnd/index.html
And where is that band who so vauntingly swore,
That the havoc of war and the battle's confusion
A home and a Country should leave us no more?
Their blood has wash'd out their foul footstep's pollution.
No refuge could save the hireling and slave
From the terror of flight or the gloom of the grave,
And the star-spangled banner in triumph doth wave
O'er the land of the free and the home of the brave.
Full transcript