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Gambling and Addiction
Transcript of Gambling and Addiction
Until recently gambling was seen as a moral failure rather than an addiction.
Can someone be
When does someone seek
disorder now than previous years?
Is Gambling an Addiction?
Rates of gambling participation and problem and pathological gambling have been increasing with the recent increase in availability of legalized gambling options.
By: Tayna Pena, Michael Ramón, Jesse Pangelinan, and Cassie Secor
Proximity to casino increases risk of problem gambling.
Addiction as defined by Psychology Today (2015)
It starts in the brain...
In a random survey sample of 526 gamblers in Ontario Canada, the most frequently mentioned reasons for acknowledging an addiction were:
It was originally under the category Impulse-Control Disorders
Comparing gambling in the U.S. to another country
for Partners of
What is gambling?
Jesse (Story/ comparison) Short Video
Types of gambling
Reasons for gambling
Assessing severity of
Meets 4-6 of the criteria
Areas of psychosocial, health, and mental health functioning may be adversely affected by gambling disorder.
(CBT) is one of the most common intervention employed by social workers and others in the helping profession.
A core feature is generally accompanied by a diminished control over the behavior and an anticipatory urge or craving state prior to the engagement in the behavior.
General Population rate: 0.2% - 0.3%
Lifetime rate: 0.4% - 1.0%
(DSM5 pg. 587)
Now under the category Non-Substance-Related Disorder
An increase in Evidence showing similar biological responses as most common drugs used
It Interferes with the life process (work, school, relationships, health, etc...)
It gives pleasure but the continued use or act becomes compulsive.
Meets 6-7 of the criteria
Is a condition that results when a person ingests a substance or engages in an activity.
Meets 8-9 of the criteria
Problem gambling increases release of dopamine in the brain (Fong, 2005).
Health is impacted due to the lack of sleep and poor nutrition (Fong, 2005).
Problem gamblers are more likely to have a relative who struggles with problem gambling as well (Brown, 2014).
To solve money problems
To relax after a stressful day
to numb unpleasant feelings, not think about problems
To be more social, overcome shyness or isolation
To provide excitement, get a rush of adrenaline
Biochemical causes are linked to problem gambling.
Problem drinking increases someone’s chances to develop a problem with gambling.
Comorbidity between substance addictions and problem gambling.
Dopamine is released as a reward system for the brain during drug use or an intensely pleasurable experience (Psychology Today, 2010).
Dopamine in the brain is said to have a large effect on addictive behavior.
Problem gambling is recognized as a more cognitively based disorder than substance dependence or abuse
Physical signs of drug addiction are absent in behavioral addiction (ex, presence of psychopathologies/ depression, substance dependence or withdrawal)
A proportion of individuals with problematic gambling and substance addictions don't believe they have a problem
As with substance abuse use behaviors, there exists a spectrum of gambling.
"...risking something of value, usually money, on the outcome of an event decided at least partially by chance." (SAMHSA, 2014)
Other medical conditions
Keeping the definition of gambling in mind, there are many ways of gambling!