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ANSC 227: Industrial Agriculture?

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Dr. Charlie Apter

on 7 April 2015

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Transcript of ANSC 227: Industrial Agriculture?

Solutions? Pew Commission: http://www.ncifap.org/_images/PCIFAPFin.pdf
Industrial Agriculture?
How do we define sustainable?
able to be used without being completely used up or destroyed
the capacity to endure
capable of being continued with minimal long-term effect on the environment
Idolized version
The Green
Revolution's legacy
Animal agriculture: AFO, CAFO
should GMO foods be labeled as such for the consumer?
- 93% of Americans want labeling
- labeling is already required in some countries (Australia)
- cultural concerns (kosher, halal)
is USDA/FDA/scientific testing rigorous enough?
- independent researchers have trouble obtaining GMO material
- are testing methods appropriate?
what effects do GM crops have on health?
- broad consensus that consumption of GM foods pose no greater risk
- has testing been extensive enough?
- was testing been done by appropriate agencies? USDA vs. FDA
- allergen introduction = allergenicity (none have been shown)
what effects do GM crops have on the environment?
- super bugs: resistance to BT (Bacillus thuringiensis), etc.
- super weeds: escape of RoundUp resistance (e.g.) into weeds --
"non-target" organisms
- reduced biodiversity (restrict number of species)
what impact do GM crops have on the independence of farmers?
- GM crops are "intellectual property"
what role should GM crops play in feeding the world population?

Genetically modified crops?
--- substantial equivalency?? ---
Americans often have an idealized view of agriculture and farming. The truth, however, is that we have
a industrialized agricultural

Ultimately, the big question we want to consider:

Is our present industrial agriculture model sustainable?
People: obesity, diet, health
Planet: environment: water, soil, air
Profit: income; quality of life
Genetically modified crops are the natural progressive step that builds on the Green Revolution.....
Defined: http://www2.epa.gov/region8/concentrated-animal-feeding-operations
Full transcript