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Frida Kahlo and Salvador Dali
Transcript of Frida Kahlo and Salvador Dali
Salvador Dali was born May 11, 1904 in Figueres, Spain.
The Dali family often visited their summer home in Cadaques with family friend and painter, Ramon Pichot. This is where Dali began to develop his passion for art.
His family encouraged his artistic talent and held private exhibitions of his work. His first public exhibition was when he was fifteen.
Dali's mother died when he was sixteen. He grieved deeply for her.
Dali gained fame for his eccentric acts, such as wearing a deep sea diving suit, carrying a billiard cue and leading two dogs before a lecture and accusing another filmmaker of stealing an idea from his subconscious.
During WWII, Dali and Gala moved to the United States
After the war, Dali returned to Spain where his acceptance of the new dictatorship was frowned on by other exiled artists.
Dali expanded his interests in art, especiially optical illusions, as well as into to the fields of religion, science and math.
Gala dies in 1982 and Dali's health deteriorates.
Dali dies on January 23, 1989 of heart failure.
"Each morning I wake and I experience again a supreme pleasure, the pleasure of being Salvador Dali."
Dali began to collaborate the Surrealists, a cultural movement to "resolve the previously contradictory conditions of dream and reality."
August 1929, Dali met Gala, his muse and future wife, who at the time was still married to a surrealist poet. Dali's father disapproved of this union and his involvement in the provocative Surrealist movement as it had a "bad influence on his morals".
In 1931, Dali painted "The Persistence of Memory", one of his most famous works.
In 1934, Dali is introduced and welcomed into the United States.
The Surrealist Movement became closely associated with leftist politics. When Dali refuses to associate his art with politics or denounce fascism, he is held on trial and expelled from the Surrealists.
"I am surrealism" -Dali, after expulsion
When he was eighteen, Dali moved to Madrid to attend an art school. He drew attention as an eccentric and a dandy, as well as for being highly talented.
He was expelled from school for starting unrest.
Dali continued to pursue art, and exhibitions of his work attracted a lot of attention. There were mixed reviews from puzzled critics and praises from established artists, such as Picasso.
Involvement in the Surrealist Movement
The Persistence of Memory
Surrealism popularized the psychology of the early 20th century, which emphasized exploring the unconscious mind.
Dali was heavily influenced Freud, and used to hang himself upside down to induce hallucinations that would inspire his work.
Frida Kahlo de Rivera
- Frida Kahlo de Rivera is her full name
- She was a Mexican painter; best known for her self-portraits
- Kahlo was born in Coyoacan, Mexico on July 6, 1907
- She died on July 13, 1954
Influences and Followers
- Acknowledged by feminists as well
- Naive art or folk art
- Her work described as “surrealist”
- Health problems
- Her sufferings are reflected in her works
- Kahlo’s famous artwork is her self-portrait with Thorn Necklace and Hummingbird
- Her work is remembered for its “pain and passion” and its intense, vibrant colors
- Kahlo’s work has been celebrated in Mexico as emblematic of national and indigenous tradition
One of the Mexico's greatest and most shocking painters
She was a great influence to many, especially females in the 1950's
In 1953, Frida Kahlo had her first solo exhibition in Mexico. This was the only one held in her native country during her lifetime. A local critic wrote “It is impossible to separate the life and work of this extraordinary person. Her paintings are her biography.”
Frida Kahlo left a good impression for many people. However, she was an active member in the Communist Party in Mexico. Many people did not like her participation in the Communist Party. She was still a well known painter.
"I suffered two grave accidents in my life... one in which a streetcar that knocked me over and the other was Diego."
“I paint myself because I am so often alone and because I am the subject I know best. I was born a b****. I was born a painter.” - Frida Kahlo
Dali's manner of revealing the gap between reality and illusion influenced all manner of modern artists. Beyond developing his own symbolic language, Dali elaborated a way to represent the inner mind. He is considered one of the major Surrealists who used shock and unease to illustrate moments of pleasure, and in this his work remains highly contemporary.
Comparison and Impression
Both surrealists and eccentric
Both were shocking in their art
Their families were supportive of their artistic talents
Both ambiguous about sexuality
Both criticized for their political affiliation
Both have mustaches
Both had extramarital affairs
Dali attended art school while Kahlo attended medical school until her accident
Kahlo had a tumultuous relationship with Rivera, while Dali and Gala stayed together
Dali self promoted
Dali's manner of revealing the gap between reality and illusion influenced all manner of modern artists. Beyond developing his own symbolic language, Dali elaborated a way to represent the inner mind. He is considered as one of the major Surrealists who used shock and unease to illustrate moments of pleasure.
Many Abstract Expressionists that came afterwards, drew on Dali's belief in mining the subconscious. Painters such as Robert Motherwell, also deeply admired Dali's way of personalizing the political and vice versa.
In 1968, Dalí filmed a humorous television advertisement for Lanvin chocolates
Dali also designed the Chupa Chups Lollipop logo in addition to facilitating the design of the advertising campaign for the 1969 Eurovision Song Contest and creating a large on-stage metal sculpture that stood at the Teatro Real in Madrid.
Salvador Dalí has been cited as major inspiration from many modern artists, such as Damien Hirst, Noel Fielding, and most other modern surrealists. Salvador Dalí's manic expression and famous moustache have made him something of cultural icon for the bizarre and surreal.
Dali is also a big part of modern day pop culture. He has been portrayed on film by Robert Pattinson in Little Ashes, and Adrien Brody in Midnight in Paris. He was also parodied in a series of painting skits on Captain Kangaroo as "Salvador Silly" and in aSesame Street muppet skit as "Salvador Dada" Artists such as Andy Warhol proclaimed Dalí an important influence on his art.
Dalí inspires street artists, artists and designers from every discipline. Jeff Koons, Philippe Starck, Hervé van der Straeten, Serge Gainsbourg, Lady Gaga, and the Maison Lancel, claim him as a major influence.
Dali's uniqueness and his so modern visionary mind make him one of the most popular artists on the young cultural and contemporary art scene today.
By Kyra Fung, Nayeon Rachel Kim, Kristine Park and Anita Wei
Some of the symbols used in Dali's paintings and sculptures:
Crutches and melons
Instruments of mutilation
Making a statement
Tumultous personal life